Jean Sibelius

Biography

Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Sibelius: Symphonies Nos. 3, 6 & 7 / Vanska, Minnesota Orchestra
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2006   Number of Discs: 1
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Voces Intimae - Sibelius, Berg, Wolf / Oslo String Quartet
Release Date: 11/18/2003   Label: Cpo  
Catalog: 999977   Number of Discs: 1
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Nordic Autumn - Orchestral Songs: Rangstrom, Sibelius, Palmgren, Madetoja
Release Date: 05/27/2008   Label: Cpo  
Catalog: 777262   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Valse triste

Browse 76-100 of 128 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Sunday Evenings With Pierre Monteux - California 1941-52
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1192 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Olivier Messiaen,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Dorothy Warenskjold,  William Kapell,  Boris Blinder,  Naum Blinder  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Standard Symphony Orchestra
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    CD: $118.99
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  • 77.
    The Essential Sibelius
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1697 Release Date: 11/28/2006   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Laura Vikman,  Silva Koskela,  Tiila Kangas,  Ulla Lampela  ... 
    Conductor:  Jorma Panula,  Astrid Riska,  Osmo Vänskä,  Robert Sund  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tempera String Quartet,  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra,  Jubilate Choir  ... 
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  • 78.
    The Very Best Of Sibelius
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552135 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Håvard Gimse,  Hannu Jurmu,  Jouni Somero,  Dong-Suk Kang  ... 
    Conductor:  Patrick Gallois,  Petri Sakari,  Adrian Leaper,  Jorma Panula
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sinfonia Finlandia,  Iceland Symphony Orchestra,  Capella Istropolitana  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 79.
    Sibelius: Symphonies / Blomstedt, San Francisco Symphony
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000689202 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Melancolie
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5036 Release Date: 02/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Philip Glass,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Laurent Cabasso,  Lina Mkrtchyan,  Evgeni Talisman,  Adele Anthony  ... 
    Conductor:  Takuo Yuasa,  Laurence Equilbey,  Rinaldo Alessandrini,  Jorma Panula  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ulster Orchestra,  Accentus,  Concerto Italiano  ... 
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  • 81.
    The Legend Of Jean Sibelius - Finlandia, Etc / Vänskä
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1557 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Traditional
    Performer:  Raimo Laukka,  Leonidas Kavakos
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Stokowski - Percy Grainger Favorites
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 542 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Percy Aldridge Grainger,  Jean Sibelius,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Percy Aldridge Grainger
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leopold Stokowski Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Sibelius: Incidental Music / Kapp, Philharmonia Virtuosi
    Label: Ess.a.y Recordings   Catalog: 1091 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Richard Kapp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Virtuosi
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  • 84.
    Trio - Sibelius: Tone Poems / Neeme Järvi, Göteborgs So
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000459702 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Soile Isokoski,  Björn Bohlin,  Urban Claesson
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $25.49
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  • 85.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5;  Et Al / Barenboim, Et Al
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 62190 Release Date: 07/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  West-Eastern Divan Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Classical Music 101 - 101 Famous Classical Themes
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63691 Release Date: 09/28/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Igor Stravinsky,  Georges Bizet,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  José Luis Garcia,  Placido Domingo,  Carlo Bergonzi,  Barry Douglas  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Fritz Reiner,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $6.99
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  • 87.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1;  Sibelius: Valse Triste / Chmura, Etc
    Label: Cd Accord   Catalog: 124 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Gabriel Chmura
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 88.
    Sibelius: Finlandia, Etc / Vänskä, Lahti So, Gräsbeck, Et Al
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1295 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Folke Gräsbeck,  Jaakko Kuusisto
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Sibelius: The Symphonies, Etc / Vladimir Ashkenazy, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000121902 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Elisabeth Söderström,  Boris Belkin
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Karajan Forever - The Greatest Classical Hits
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000035202 Release Date: 06/10/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Karlheinz Zöller,  Lazar Berman,  Michel Schwalbé,  Wolfgang Meyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 91.
    Karajan - The Collection - Grieg, Sibelius / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000005402 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 92.
    The Most Relaxing Classical Music In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17232 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Erik Satie  ... 
    CD: $26.99
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  • 93.
    Sibelius: Pelleas, Valse Triste, Etc / Swensen, Scottish Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 220 Release Date: 01/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Joseph Swensen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Classical Chill
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8520101 Release Date: 05/21/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir Arthur Bliss,  Toru Takemitsu,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Charles Villiers Stanford  ... 
    Performer:  Petri Alanko,  Tedi Papavrami,  Olga Pasichnyk,  Benjamin Frith  ... 
    Conductor:  David Lloyd-Jones,  Okko Kamu,  Kees Bakels,  Noel Edison  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Northern Philharmonia,  Tapiola Sinfonietta,  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 95.
    Sibelius: The Maiden In The Tower, Etc / Paavo Järvi, Et Al
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 45493 Release Date: 03/12/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Solveig Kringelborn,  Lars-Erik Jonsson,  Lilli Paasikivi,  Garry Magee
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Estonian State Symphony Orchestra,  Ellerhein Girls' Choir,  Estonian National Male Choir
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  • 96.
    New Year's Eve Concert, Berlin 1983 / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46401 Release Date: 10/16/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Strauss,  Jean Sibelius,  Bedrich Smetana,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Eloquence - Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Etc / Karajan, Berlin
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469647 Release Date: 09/18/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Gerhard Stempnik
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Okko Kamu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $7.99
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  • 98.
    Thomas Jensen Conducts Scandinavian Classics
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 523/24 Release Date: 08/01/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Knudage Riisager,  Svend Erik Tarp,  Finn Hoffding  ... 
    Performer:  George Eskdale,  Carlo Andersen
    Conductor:  Thomas Jensen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tivoli Concert Orchestra,  Royal Orchestra,  Danish State Radio Orchestra  ... 
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  • 99.
    Sibelius: Finlandia, Etc / Barbirolli, Halle Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 69205 Release Date: 07/10/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Rimsky-Korsakov, Sibelius, Tchaikovsky / Jordania, et al
    Label: Angelok   Catalog: 9908 Release Date: 06/26/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Vakhtang Jordania
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Federation State Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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