Jean Sibelius

Biography

Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Sibelius: Lemminkainen Legends; Pohjola's Daughter / Lintu
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1262   Number of Discs: 1
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Schoenberg, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Hilary Hahn, Esa-pekka Salonen, Swedish Radio So
Release Date: 04/08/2008   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 001085802   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Complete Works for Mixed Choir / Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1260   Number of Discs: 2
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Sibelius: Symphony No 5, En Saga, Swan of Tuonela, Valse Triste / Schmidt, RPO
Release Date: 05/10/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28910   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Symphony No 5 / Gonley, Leaper
Release Date: 10/10/2006   Label: Arte Nova  
Catalog: 516290   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Valse triste

Browse 26-50 of 143 Available Recordings
1 2 3 4 5 6
  • 26.
    Sibelius: Complete Symphonies, Tone Poems / Colin Davis, Boston Symphony Orchestra [5-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001677102 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 27.
    The Very Best Of Herbert Von Karajan
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 6789922 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Antonín Dvorák,  Jean Sibelius,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Alexis Weissenberg,  Gidon Kremer,  James Galway  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 28.
    20th-Century Classics / Marriner, ASMF
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001553402 Release Date: 05/24/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Heinrich Baermann  ... 
    Performer:  Jack Brymer,  John Ogdon,  John Wilbraham,  Michael Laird  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
    Recommendation
    On sale! $129.99
    CD: $75.99
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  • 29.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 5, En Saga, Swan of Tuonela, Valse Triste / Schmidt, RPO
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 28910 Release Date: 05/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Ole Schmidt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 30.
    50 Best Berliner Philharmoniker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 48465 Release Date: 04/19/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Carl Orff,  Claude Debussy,  Hector Berlioz,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Leif Ove Andsnes,  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Herbert von Karajan,  Rudolf Kempe,  Mariss Jansons  ... 
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  • 31.
    Classical Strings
    Label: Tgg   Catalog: 60214 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Franz Schubert,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Johan Svendsen  ... 
    CD: $6.99
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  • 32.
    Invitation To The Dance / Barenboim, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2051849 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Sibelius: Piano Pieces / Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Label: Exton   Catalog: 17 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
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  • 34.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto; Schumann: Symphony No 2 / Sokolov, Ashkenazy
    Label: Ideale Audience   Catalog: 3078748 Release Date: 08/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Valeriy Sokolov
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe
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  • 35.
    Sibelius: Symphonies 6 & 7, Karelia / Ashkenazy, Royal Stockholm Po
    Label: Exton   Catalog: 293 Release Date: 04/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Sir John Barbirolli - The Great EMI Recordings - 40th Anniversary
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 57767 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Giacomo Puccini,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  André Navarra
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    Recommendation
    On sale! $77.98
    CD: $68.99
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  • 37.
    Open Air - A Night With The Berliner Philharmoniker
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2051968 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Henri Wieniawski,  Richard Wagner,  Yuzo Toyama  ... 
    Performer:  Vadim Repin
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 38.
    The Sound Of Sibelius / Vanska, Lahti Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1645 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Aurora - Music Of The Northern Lights / Jarvi, Gothenburg
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471747 Release Date: 12/29/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg,  Hans Christian Lumbye,  Carl Nielsen  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Berlitz Passport - The Music Of Scandinavia
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 47281 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Alfvén,  Edvard Grieg,  Jean Sibelius,  Carl Nielsen  ... 
    Performer:  Stan Freeman
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Leonard Bernstein,  Eugene Ormandy,  Howard Hanson  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 41.
    Sibelius: Symphonies 1, 2, 3 & 5 / Mariss Jansons, Et Al
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 97180 Release Date: 10/20/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 42.
    100 Best 20th Century Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64249 Release Date: 07/28/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  György Ligeti,  John Adams,  George Gershwin,  Aaron Copland  ... 
    Performer:  Wayne Marshall,  Ralph Kirshbaum,  Tasmin Little,  Simon Haram  ... 
    Conductor:  None,  Simon Rattle,  Leonard Slatkin,  Christopher Warren-Green  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Artemis String Quartet,  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 43.
    Bernstein Favorites - Orchestral Dances
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46707 Release Date: 07/20/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leonard Bernstein,  Georges Bizet,  Johannes Brahms,  Emmanuel Chabrier  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 44.
    Esprit - Melancolique
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5172 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Gabriel Fauré,  George Frideric Handel,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Laurent Korcia,  Grigory Sokolov,  Anne Gastinel,  Sandrine Piau
    Conductor:  Giovanni Antonini,  Christophe Rousset,  John Eliot Gardiner,  Laurence Equilbey  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Talens Lyriques,  Il Giardino Armonico,  English Baroque Soloists  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 45.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Tapiola, Kuolema Suite / Blomstedt
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 433810 Release Date: 05/22/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 46.
    It Takes Two / Duo Concertante
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 81401 Release Date: 05/05/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Clifford Crawley,  Giacomo Puccini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Timothy Steeves,  Nancy Dahn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Duo Concertante
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  • 47.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Swan Of Tuonela, Finlandia (with chorus) / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38056 Release Date: 03/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra Chorus
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  • 48.
    Sibelius: Nightride And Sunrise, Belshazzar's Feast Suite / Inkinen, New Zealand
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570763 Release Date: 12/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Pietari Inkinen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Zealand Symphony Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Oster Impressionen
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 182592 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Rosemarie Lang,  Hermann-Christian Polster,  Annelies Burmeister  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Mauersberger,  Hans-Joachim Rotzsch,  Kurt Thomas,  Helmut Koch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Kreuz Choir,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Leipzig Thomaner Choir  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 50.
    Zen Classics - Mozart, Debussy, Etc / L. Maazel, P. Jarvi, N. Dessay, Et Al
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 34865 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Mikhail Pletnev,  Barbara Hendricks,  Augustin Dumay,  Steven Isserlis  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding,  Mikhail Pletnev,  Andrew Parrott,  Marek Janowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Chamber Philharmonic Bremen,  Taverner Players,  French National Radio Orchestra  ... 
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Jean Sibelius


WORKS
Three Preludes: Allegro ben ritmato e deciso
Andante con moto e poco rubato
Allegro ben ritmato e diciso
1. Intermezzo (Moderato)
2. Ballade (Tempo di menuetto)
3. Alla marcia (Moderato)
1. Allegretto - Poco allegro - Tranquillo, ma poco a poco ravvivando il tempo al allegro
2. Tempo andante, ma rubato - Andante sostenuto
3. Vivacissimo - Lento e suave - Largamente
4. Finale (Allegro moderato)
I. Andante ma non troppo: Allegro energico
II. Andante (ma non troppo lento)
III. Scherzo (Allegro)
IV. Finale (Quasi una fantasia)
1. Tempo molto moderato - Largamente - Allegro moderato
2. Andante mosso, quasi allegretto
3. Allegro molto
1. Tempo molto moderato, quasi adagio
2. Allegro molto vivace
3. Il tempo largo
4. Allegro
Adagio -
Vivacissimo - Adagio -
Allegro molto moderato - Allegro moderato -
Vivace - Presto - Adagio - Largamente molto -
Affettuoso
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andantino con moto, quasi allegretto
III. Moderato - Allegro (Ma non tanto)
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 1. Allegro molto moderato
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 2. Allegretto moderato
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 3. Poco vivace
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 4. Allegro molto