Jean Sibelius

Biography

Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Sibelius: Complete Works for Mixed Choir / Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1260   Number of Discs: 2
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Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Etc / Davis, London So
Release Date: 05/08/2007   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 605   Number of Discs: 1
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Schoenberg, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Hilary Hahn, Esa-pekka Salonen, Swedish Radio So
Release Date: 04/08/2008   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 001085802   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Symphonies No 1-7, Kullervo / Davis, London SO
Release Date: 10/13/2009   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 191   Number of Discs: 4
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Sibelius: Symphonies 5 & 6 / Davis, London Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 03/08/2011   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 537   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Valse triste

Browse 126-142 of 142 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Sibelius: Finlandia, Karelia Suite, Etc / Rosbaud, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447453 Release Date: 01/02/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Hans Rosbaud
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 127.
    Sibelius - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 69252 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Carolyn Hove,  Ronald Leonard,  Lin Cho-Liang
    Conductor:  Louis Lane,  Lorin Maazel,  Zubin Mehta,  Sir Andrew Davis  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  Juilliard String Quartet  ... 
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  • 128.
    Your Favorite Classics
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 750 Release Date: 08/07/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Edvard Grieg,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    CD: $21.49
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  • 129.
    Sibelius: Works For Piano / Ralf Gothoni
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 847 Release Date: 06/20/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Ralf Gothóni
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  • 130.
    Adagio / Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 445282 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  David Bell,  Leon Spierer,  Michel Schwalbé,  Frank Maus
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 131.
    Label: Curb   Catalog: 78006 Release Date: 01/24/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling,  Paavo Berglund
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  • 132.
    Sibelius: Piano Transcriptions Vol 1 / Erick Tawaststjerna
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 366 Release Date: 09/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Erick T Tawaststjerna
    CD: $21.49
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  • 133.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 7, Etc / Järvi, Gothenburg Symphony
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 311 Release Date: 09/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $21.49
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  • 134.
    Sibelius Encore! / Neeme Järvi, Gothenberg Symphony Orch
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 610 Release Date: 02/01/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Christer Thorvaldsson,  Göran Holmstrand,  Björn Bohlin
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $21.49
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  • 135.
    Karajan Gold - Grieg, Sibelius: Valse Triste / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439010 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg
    Performer:  Gerhard Stempnik
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $15.99
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  • 136.
    Sibelius: Finlandia, En Saga, Etc / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64331 Release Date: 02/16/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 137.
    Sibelius: Finlandia, Valse Triste, Etc / Ormandy, Bernstein
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 48271 Release Date: 11/17/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Louis Rosenblatt
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 138.
    Sibelius: Finlandia, Karelia Suite / Schermerhorn, Slovak Radio Symphony
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 550103 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Kenneth Schermerhorn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 139.
    Lollipops / Beecham, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 63412 Release Date: 03/17/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Frederick Delius,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 140.
    A Nordic Festival / Salonen, Swedish RSO
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46668 Release Date: 07/26/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Jean Sibelius,  Armas Järnefelt,  Jón Leifs  ... 
    Performer:  Mats Zetterqvist,  Mats Rondin
    Conductor:  Esa-Pekka Salonen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 141.
    Nordic Masterpieces
    Label: Simax   Catalog: 1138 Release Date: 09/18/1987   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Hugo Alfvén,  Edvard Grieg,  Jean Sibelius
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  • 142.
    Sibelius: Finlandia, Valse Triste, Tapiola, Etc / Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 413755 Release Date: 09/03/1984   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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Jean Sibelius


WORKS
Three Preludes: Allegro ben ritmato e deciso
Andante con moto e poco rubato
Allegro ben ritmato e diciso
1. Intermezzo (Moderato)
2. Ballade (Tempo di menuetto)
3. Alla marcia (Moderato)
1. Allegretto - Poco allegro - Tranquillo, ma poco a poco ravvivando il tempo al allegro
2. Tempo andante, ma rubato - Andante sostenuto
3. Vivacissimo - Lento e suave - Largamente
4. Finale (Allegro moderato)
I. Andante ma non troppo: Allegro energico
II. Andante (ma non troppo lento)
III. Scherzo (Allegro)
IV. Finale (Quasi una fantasia)
1. Tempo molto moderato - Largamente - Allegro moderato
2. Andante mosso, quasi allegretto
3. Allegro molto
1. Tempo molto moderato, quasi adagio
2. Allegro molto vivace
3. Il tempo largo
4. Allegro
Adagio -
Vivacissimo - Adagio -
Allegro molto moderato - Allegro moderato -
Vivace - Presto - Adagio - Largamente molto -
Affettuoso
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andantino con moto, quasi allegretto
III. Moderato - Allegro (Ma non tanto)
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 1. Allegro molto moderato
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 2. Allegretto moderato
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 3. Poco vivace
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 4. Allegro molto