Jean Sibelius

Biography

Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Sibelius: Complete Works for Mixed Choir / Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1260   Number of Discs: 2
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Sibelius: Symphonies 5 & 6 / Davis, London Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 03/08/2011   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 537   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Etc / Davis, London So
Release Date: 05/08/2007   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 605   Number of Discs: 1
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Schoenberg, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Hilary Hahn, Esa-pekka Salonen, Swedish Radio So
Release Date: 04/08/2008   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 001085802   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Symphonies No 1-7, Kullervo / Davis, London SO
Release Date: 10/13/2009   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 191   Number of Discs: 4
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Work: Valse triste

Browse 101-125 of 142 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Sibelius Panorama / Karajan, Berlin Philarmonic, Kamu, Helsinki Radio Symphony
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469202 Release Date: 10/17/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Christian Ferras
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Okko Kamu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Helsinki Radio Symphony
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  • 102.
    Sibelius: Tapiola, En Saga, The Bard, Etc / Järvi, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457654 Release Date: 10/10/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Lifestyles - Music For The Crossword
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 150006 Release Date: 08/15/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Edvard Grieg,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
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  • 104.
    Sibelius: Finlandia, Tapiola, Etc / Berglund, Philharmonia
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73735 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Classics For Baby - Music For The Crib
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 315001 Release Date: 05/09/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Jean Sibelius,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
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  • 106.
    Classics For Baby - Together Time
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 150005 Release Date: 05/09/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Isaac Albeniz,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ... 
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  • 107.
    The Sibelius Edition / Barbirolli, Hallé Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67299 Release Date: 05/09/2000   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
    CD: $53.99
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  • 108.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Etc / Boughton, Royal Po, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7716 Release Date: 03/21/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Paul Arden-Taylor
    Conductor:  William Boughton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English String Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Sibelius / Vänskä, Lahti So
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1125 Release Date: 03/15/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Dong-Suk Kang,  Jukka Hirvikangas
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 110.
    The Classic Salon / Charlotte Page, London Salon Ensemble
    Label: Meridian Records   Catalog: 84416 Release Date: 11/16/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg,  Pietro Mascagni,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Charlotte Page
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Salon Ensemble
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  • 111.
    The Best Of Sibelius
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556677 Release Date: 06/22/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Dong-Suk Kang
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper,  Kenneth Schermerhorn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Bratislava Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 112.
    Sibelius: Karelia Suite, Tapiola, Etc / Davis, London So
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 68770 Release Date: 04/13/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 113.
    Sibelius: Karelia, Kuolema (Complete) / Vänskä, Lahti So
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 915 Release Date: 01/25/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Kirsi Tiihonen,  Raimo Laukka,  Pertti Kuusi,  Heikki Laitinen  ... 
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 114.
    Bernstein Century - Grieg: Peer Gynt Suites;  Sibelius
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 63156 Release Date: 09/29/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 115.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Scheherazade;  Et Al / Antal Dorati
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 462953 Release Date: 09/15/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Franz Liszt,  Jean Sibelius,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Rafael Druian
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 116.
    Jewels Of The Classics / Richard Kapp, Philharmonia Virtuosi
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61935 Release Date: 08/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Léo Delibes,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Percy Aldridge Grainger,  Luigi Boccherini  ... 
    Performer:  Lisa Moore
    Conductor:  Richard Kapp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Virtuosi
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  • 117.
    The Yellow Guide - Classical Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457440 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Wagner,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Marita Napier,  Marilyn Mims,  Linda Kelm,  Diane Kesling  ... 
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock,  James Levine,  Semyon Bychkov,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Concert,  English Concert Choir,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 118.
    World Of Classics - Scandinavian Classical Music
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 1169 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Andreas Düben,  Jean Sibelius,  Christian Sinding  ... 
    Performer:  Stefan Jeschko,  Marian Lapansky,  Helmuth Rilling,  Isabel Mourao  ... 
    Conductor:  Bystrik Rezucha,  Libor Pesek,  Fritz Mareczek,  Albert Hartmann  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Stuttgart Philharmonic Orchestra,  South German Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 119.
    The Last Dance - Music for a Vanishing Era / I Salonisti
    Label: Dhm Deutsche Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 77377 Release Date: 02/24/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Rubinstein,  Enrico Toselli,  Benjamin Godard,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Salonisti
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  • 120.
    Adagio - Greatest Hits
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 68832 Release Date: 07/15/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Pietro Mascagni,  Jean Sibelius,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream,  Richard Stoltzman,  Vladimir Spivakov
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf,  James Levine,  Eugene Ormandy,  John Eliot Gardiner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 121.
    Finnish Orchestral Favorites
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 863 Release Date: 05/30/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Uuno Klami,  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  Väinö Raitio,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Conductor:  Sakari Oramo,  Juha Kangas,  Jukka-Pekka Saraste,  Eri Klas  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra,  Finnish National Opera Chorus  ... 
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  • 122.
    Tanssiinkutsu / Finnish National Opera Orchestra
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 815 Release Date: 05/30/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Leif Segerstam,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Uuno Klami  ... 
    Conductor:  Miguel Gómez-Martinez,  Leif Segerstam,  Ulf Söderblom,  Kari Tikka  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Finnish National Opera Orchestra
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  • 123.
    Classic Sibelius / Tuomas Ollila, Tampere Philharmonic
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 871 Release Date: 08/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Tuomas Ollila
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 124.
    Nocturne / Leonard Bernstein
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 62617 Release Date: 06/11/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Aaron Copland,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 125.
    Sibelius: Symphony 3, Etc / Maazel, Pittsburgh So
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 61963 Release Date: 06/11/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Harold Smoliar
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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Jean Sibelius


WORKS
Three Preludes: Allegro ben ritmato e deciso
Andante con moto e poco rubato
Allegro ben ritmato e diciso
1. Intermezzo (Moderato)
2. Ballade (Tempo di menuetto)
3. Alla marcia (Moderato)
1. Allegretto - Poco allegro - Tranquillo, ma poco a poco ravvivando il tempo al allegro
2. Tempo andante, ma rubato - Andante sostenuto
3. Vivacissimo - Lento e suave - Largamente
4. Finale (Allegro moderato)
I. Andante ma non troppo: Allegro energico
II. Andante (ma non troppo lento)
III. Scherzo (Allegro)
IV. Finale (Quasi una fantasia)
1. Tempo molto moderato - Largamente - Allegro moderato
2. Andante mosso, quasi allegretto
3. Allegro molto
1. Tempo molto moderato, quasi adagio
2. Allegro molto vivace
3. Il tempo largo
4. Allegro
Adagio -
Vivacissimo - Adagio -
Allegro molto moderato - Allegro moderato -
Vivace - Presto - Adagio - Largamente molto -
Affettuoso
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andantino con moto, quasi allegretto
III. Moderato - Allegro (Ma non tanto)
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 1. Allegro molto moderato
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 2. Allegretto moderato
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 3. Poco vivace
Sibelius: Symphony No.6 in D minor, Op.104 - 4. Allegro molto