Jean Sibelius

Biography

Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Karelia Suite, Finlandia / Mackerras
Release Date: 09/13/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28920   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Symphony No 5, En Saga, Swan of Tuonela, Valse Triste / Schmidt, RPO
Release Date: 05/10/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28910   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Complete Symphonic Poems / Sinaisky, Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 05/31/2011   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 9212   Number of Discs: 3
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Sibelius, Ades: Violin Concertos / Hadelich, Lintu
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2276   Number of Discs: 1
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Lorin Maazel Conducts Sibelius
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 7808332   Number of Discs: 5
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Work: Valse triste

Browse 101-125 of 144 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Thomas Jensen Conducts Scandinavian Classics
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 523/24 Release Date: 08/01/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Knudage Riisager,  Svend Erik Tarp,  Finn Hoffding  ... 
    Performer:  George Eskdale,  Carlo Andersen
    Conductor:  Thomas Jensen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tivoli Concert Orchestra,  Royal Orchestra,  Danish State Radio Orchestra  ... 
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  • 102.
    Rimsky-Korsakov, Sibelius, Tchaikovsky / Jordania, et al
    Label: Angelok   Catalog: 9908 Release Date: 06/26/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Vakhtang Jordania
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Federation State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Finnish Orchestral Favorites / Panula, Turku Po
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555773 Release Date: 05/15/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ilkka Kuusisto,  Uuno Klami,  Erkki Melartin,  Toivo Kuula  ... 
    Performer:  Reino Kotaviita,  Maarit Kirvessalo
    Conductor:  Jorma Panula,  Okko Kamu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Turku Philharmonic Orchestra,  Finnish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 104.
    Sibelius Panorama / Karajan...
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469202 Release Date: 10/17/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Christian Ferras
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Okko Kamu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Helsinki Radio Symphony
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  • 105.
    Sibelius: Tapiola, En Saga, The Bard, Etc / Järvi, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457654 Release Date: 10/10/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Lifestyles - Music For The Crossword
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 150006 Release Date: 08/15/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Edvard Grieg,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
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  • 107.
    Sibelius: Finlandia, Tapiola, Etc / Berglund, Philharmonia
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73735 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 108.
    Classics For Baby - Music For The Crib
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 315001 Release Date: 05/09/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Jean Sibelius,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
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  • 109.
    Classics For Baby - Together Time
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 150005 Release Date: 05/09/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Isaac Albeniz,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ... 
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  • 110.
    The Sibelius Edition / Barbirolli, Hallé Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67299 Release Date: 05/09/2000   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 111.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Etc / Boughton, Royal Po, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7716 Release Date: 03/21/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Paul Arden-Taylor
    Conductor:  William Boughton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English String Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 112.
    Sibelius / Vänskä, Lahti So
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1125 Release Date: 03/15/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Dong-Suk Kang,  Jukka Hirvikangas
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 113.
    The Best of Sibelius / Ashkenazy, Stein, et al
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4666872 Release Date: 01/03/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Horst Stein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 114.
    The Best Of Sibelius
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556677 Release Date: 06/22/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Dong-Suk Kang
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper,  Kenneth Schermerhorn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Bratislava Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 115.
    Sibelius: Karelia Suite, Tapiola, Etc / Davis, London So
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 68770 Release Date: 04/13/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 116.
    Sibelius: Karelia, Kuolema (Complete) / Vänskä, Lahti So
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 915 Release Date: 01/25/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Kirsi Tiihonen,  Raimo Laukka,  Pertti Kuusi,  Heikki Laitinen  ... 
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 117.
    Bernstein Century - Grieg: Peer Gynt Suites;  Sibelius
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 63156 Release Date: 09/29/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 118.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Scheherazade;  Et Al / Antal Dorati
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 462953 Release Date: 09/15/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Franz Liszt,  Jean Sibelius,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Rafael Druian
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 119.
    Jewels Of The Classics / Richard Kapp, Philharmonia Virtuosi
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61935 Release Date: 08/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Léo Delibes,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Percy Aldridge Grainger,  Luigi Boccherini  ... 
    Performer:  Lisa Moore
    Conductor:  Richard Kapp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Virtuosi
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 120.
    The Yellow Guide - Classical Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457440 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Wagner,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Marita Napier,  Marilyn Mims,  Linda Kelm,  Diane Kesling  ... 
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock,  James Levine,  Semyon Bychkov,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Concert,  English Concert Choir,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 121.
    World Of Classics - Scandinavian Classical Music
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 1169 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Andreas Düben,  Jean Sibelius,  Christian Sinding  ... 
    Performer:  Stefan Jeschko,  Marian Lapansky,  Helmuth Rilling,  Isabel Mourao  ... 
    Conductor:  Bystrik Rezucha,  Libor Pesek,  Fritz Mareczek,  Albert Hartmann  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Stuttgart Philharmonic Orchestra,  South German Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 122.
    The Last Dance - Music for a Vanishing Era / I Salonisti
    Label: Dhm Deutsche Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 77377 Release Date: 02/24/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Rubinstein,  Enrico Toselli,  Benjamin Godard,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Salonisti
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  • 123.
    Finnish Orchestral Favorites
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 863 Release Date: 05/30/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Uuno Klami,  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  Väinö Raitio,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Conductor:  Sakari Oramo,  Juha Kangas,  Jukka-Pekka Saraste,  Eri Klas  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra,  Finnish National Opera Chorus  ... 
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  • 124.
    Tanssiinkutsu / Finnish National Opera Orchestra
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 815 Release Date: 05/30/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Leif Segerstam,  Carl Michael Ziehrer,  Uuno Klami  ... 
    Conductor:  Miguel Gómez-Martinez,  Leif Segerstam,  Ulf Söderblom,  Kari Tikka  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Finnish National Opera Orchestra
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  • 125.
    Classic Sibelius / Tuomas Ollila, Tampere Philharmonic
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 871 Release Date: 08/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Tuomas Ollila
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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