Jean Sibelius


Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Sibelius & Rachmaninov: Songs / Imbrailo, Hogarth
Release Date: 05/25/2018   Label: Linn Records  
Catalog: 482   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Symphony No. 2 in D Major, Op. 43 / Kitajenko, Cologne Gurzenich Orchestra
Release Date: 06/08/2018   Label: Oehms  
Catalog: 457   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Finlandia / Sondergard, BBC National Orchestra of Wales
Release Date: 06/22/2018   Label: Linn Records  
Catalog: 566   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Piano Miniatures / Hĺvard Gimse
Release Date: 06/17/2003   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555363   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Swanwhite - Complete Incidental Music / Segerstam
Release Date: 10/09/2015   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573341   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Valse triste

Browse 1-25 of 127 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Sibelius: Finlandia / Sondergard, BBC National Orchestra of Wales
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 566 Release Date: 06/22/2018   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Thomas Sondergard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC National Orchestra of Wales
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  • 2.
    Esa-Pekka Salonen: The Complete Sony Recordings
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88985471842 Release Date: 05/04/2018   Number of Discs: 61
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gustav Mahler,  Béla Bartók,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Yefim Bronfman,  Alexys Schwartz,  Joshua Bell,  Phyllis Bryn-Julson  ... 
    Conductor:  Esa-Pekka Salonen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Swedish Radio Chorus  ... 
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  • 3.
    Celebrating David Geringas
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 16033 Release Date: 01/05/2018   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Edvard Grieg,  Anatolijus Senderovas,  Osvaldas Balakauskas  ... 
    Performer:  David Geringas,  Ian Fountain,  Petras Geniusas,  Vladimir Tarasov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vilnius String Quartet,  Gringolts String Quartet
    CD: $18.99
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  • 4.
    Victor de Sabata: Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon & Decca
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4798196 Release Date: 12/08/2017   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss,  Jean Sibelius,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Pia Tassinari,  Ebe Stignani,  Ferruccio Tagliavini,  Italo Tajo
    Conductor:  Victor de Sabata,  Victor De Sabata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $46.99
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  • 5.
    Waltz Gold: 50 Great Tracks
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4832499 Release Date: 11/10/2017   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Emil Waldteufel,  Franz Lehár,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Nelson Freire,  Anton Karas,  Katia Labčque  ... 
    Conductor:  André Rieu,  Neeme Järvi,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Richard Bonynge  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Johann Strauss Orchestra,  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $24.99
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  • 6.
    Sibelius / Andsnes
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 540850 Release Date: 10/06/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Leif Ove Andsnes
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  • 7.
    Sibelius: Piano Works, Vol. 2 / Tong
    Label: Quartz Music   Catalog: 2123 Release Date: 07/07/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Joseph Tong
    CD: $17.99
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  • 8.
    Zoltan Kocsis A Tribute
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32803 Release Date: 06/02/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Zoltán Kocsis,  Miklós Perényi,  János Bálint,  Péter Csaba  ... 
    Conductor:  János Rolla,  Zoltán Kocsis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra,  Hungarian National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Tomkins Vocal Ensemble Budapest
    CD: $34.99
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  • 9.
    New York Philharmonic: 175th Anniversary Edition
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 533636 Release Date: 04/07/2017   Number of Discs: 65
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Ambroise Thomas  ... 
    Performer:  Oscar Levant,  Robert Casadesus,  Isaac Stern,  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg,  Josef Stransky,  Arturo Toscanini,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 10.
    Tribute to Hans Rosbaud
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 250333 Release Date: 10/07/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Alban Berg,  Jean Sibelius,  Anton Webern
    Performer:  Hans Rosbaud,  Maria Bergman,  Werner Grabinger,  Erich Seiler
    Conductor:  Hans Rosbaud
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  South West German Radio Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 11.
    The Originals, Vol. 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002534902 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Helmut Walcha,  Nathan Milstein,  Géza Anda,  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Eugen Jochum,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $142.49
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  • 12.
    Eugene Ormandy conducts Sibelius
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 88875108582 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Dylana Jenson,  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra Chorus,  Mormon Tabernacle Choir
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  • 13.
    Grieg: Peer Gynt (Highlights); Sibelius: Finlandia; Valse Triste / Salonen
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88697720992 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Barbara Hendricks
    Conductor:  Esa-Pekka Salonen
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  • 14.
    Sibelius Edition [14-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002362202 Release Date: 10/02/2015   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Johanna Rusanen-Kartano,  Esa Ruuttunen,  Soile Isokoski,  Anne-Sophie Mutter  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Okko Kamu,  Herbert von Karajan,  Jorma Panula  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Helsinki Radio Symphony,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $78.99
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  • 15.
    Sibelius: Histoical Recordings and Rarities 1928-48
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552772 Release Date: 10/02/2015   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Helmi [Soprano Vocal] Liukkonen,  Jascha Heifetz,  Gerald Moore,  Emil Telmányi  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Kajanus,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Jean Sibelius,  Sir Adrian Boult  ... 
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  • 16.
    Sibelius: Great Performances
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002376002 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Jan Damen,  Ruggiero Ricci,  Kirsten Flagstad,  Birgit Nilsson
    Conductor:  Anthony Collins,  Thomas Jensen,  Eduard van Beinum,  Erik Tuxen  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $65.99
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  • 17.
    Sibelius: Symphonies... / Bernstein, New York
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 502614 Release Date: 07/24/2015   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg,  Max Bruch
    Performer:  Phyllis Curtis,  Zino Francescatti
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Thomas Schippers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    CD: $39.99
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  • 18.
    A Gramophone Tribute To Erling Blondal Bengtsson
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 738 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Luigi Boccherini  ... 
    Performer:  Erling Blondal Bengtsson,  Victor Schiřler,  Georg Vásárhelyi,  Herman D. Koppel
    Conductor:  Henrik Sachsenskjold
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  • 19.
    Folke Grasbeck Plays Sibelius on the Ainola Piano
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 2132 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Folke Grasbeck
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  • 20.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 3
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 002275902 Release Date: 03/23/2015   Number of Discs: 53
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Lehár,  Emil Waldteufel,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Rafael Druian,  Georges Miquelle,  Eugene List,  Alfred Mouledous  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Frederick Fennell,  Anatole Fistoulari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    CD: $213.99
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  • 21.
    Malinconia: Works For Cello & Piano
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 15005 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg
    Performer:  David Geringas,  Ian Fountain
    CD: $17.99
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  • 22.
    Stenhammar, Sibelius: Klavierwerke / Cassandra Wyss
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5229 Release Date: 02/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wilhelm Stenhammar,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Cassandra Wyss
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  • 23.
    Masterpieces in Miniature / Thomas, San Francisco
    Label: San Francisco Symphony   Catalog: 60 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henry Charles Litolff,  Gustav Mahler,  Gabriel Fauré,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Yuja Wang
    Conductor:  Michael T. Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
    SuperAudio CD: $20.99
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  • 24.
    Sibelius: The Essential Orchestral Favourites With Photo Album
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 12652 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Pekka Kuusisto
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam,  Jean Sibelius
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 25.
    Herbert Von Karajan: 3 Classic Albums - Sibelius, Grieg, Nielsen
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002120302 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Jean Sibelius,  Carl Nielsen
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $21.99
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