Jean Sibelius


Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less

Work: Finlandia, Op. 26

Browse 51-75 of 155 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    50 Best Classics
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 57517 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Gregorio Allegri,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Wayne Marshall,  David Bell,  Victoria de los Angeles,  Henriette Puig-Roget  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Cleobury,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Franz Welser-Möst,  André Cluytens  ... 
    CD: $11.99
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  • 52.
    Album D'un Voyageur, Vol. 1: Europe
    Label: Piano 21   Catalog: 32 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Cyprien Katsaris
    CD: $22.49
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  • 53.
    Anthology 2: Nbc So (1950-53)
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7047 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Hector Berlioz,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Engelbert Humperdinck  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
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  • 54.
    Sir Adrian Boult Conducts Sibelius
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 93 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 55.
    Sir John Barbirolli - The Great EMI Recordings - 40th Anniversary
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 57767 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Giacomo Puccini,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  André Navarra
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $68.99
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  • 56.
    The Sound Of Sibelius / Vanska, Lahti Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1645 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
    SuperAudio CD: $21.49
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  • 57.
    Aurora - Music Of The Northern Lights / Jarvi, Gothenburg
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471747 Release Date: 12/29/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg,  Hans Christian Lumbye,  Carl Nielsen  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Berlitz Passport - The Music Of Scandinavia
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 47281 Release Date: 10/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Alfvén,  Edvard Grieg,  Jean Sibelius,  Carl Nielsen  ... 
    Performer:  Stan Freeman
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Leonard Bernstein,  Eugene Ormandy,  Howard Hanson  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 59.
    Icon - Leopold Stokowski - The Maverick Conductor
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 98555 Release Date: 10/20/2009   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Pietro Antonio Cesti,  Ernest Bloch,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Giovanni Palestrina  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    CD: $75.49
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  • 60.
    Sibelius: Symphonies 1, 2, 3 & 5 / Mariss Jansons, Et Al
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 97180 Release Date: 10/20/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 61.
    Classical Prep School - Essential Music
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80749 Release Date: 08/11/2009   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Richard Wagner,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  John O'Conor,  James Van Demark,  Rudolf Serkin,  Michael Chertock  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Bishop,  Yoel Levi,  Erich Kunzel,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra,  Cincinnati Pops,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $24.99
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  • 62.
    Everybody's  Sibelius / Yoel Levi, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80760 Release Date: 04/28/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Yoel Levi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 63.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Swan Of Tuonela, Finlandia (with chorus) / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38056 Release Date: 03/05/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra Chorus
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 64.
    National Treasures - Finland, A Collection Of Classical Favourites
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 940 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Väinö Raitio,  Armas Järnefelt,  Erkki Melartin,  Heino Kaski  ... 
    Conductor:  Jukka-Pekka Saraste,  Leif Segerstam,  Tuomas Ollila,  Max Pommer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 65.
    Scandinavian Rhapsody - Sibelius, Grieg, Et Al / Segerstam
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 824 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Jean Sibelius,  Armas Järnefelt,  Oskar Merikanto  ... 
    Performer:  Veikko Höylä,  Erkki Palola
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 66.
    Classical Evergreens
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 182802 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Pablo de Sarasate,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Claude Debussy,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Ion Voicu,  Karl Suske,  Walter Olbertz,  Jürnjakob Timm  ... 
    Conductor:  Heinz Bongartz,  Robert Hanell,  Otmar Suitner,  Heinz Rögner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra,  Deutschland Sender Orchestra Berlin,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 67.
    Fiedler Encores / Arthur Fiedler, Boston Pops
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 448952 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg,  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 68.
    Classics In Heaven - Mozart, Bach, Etc
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 184582 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Claude Debussy,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Ion Voicu,  Karl Suske,  Walter Olbertz,  Jürnjakob Timm  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Hanell,  Otmar Suitner,  Gerhart Wiesenhütter,  Günther Herbig  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $24.99
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  • 69.
    Sibelius: Finlandia,   Pelléas And Mélisande, Symphonies Nos 1 & 7 / Stokowski
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2341 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Symphony Orchestra,  Helsinki City Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $15.98
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  • 70.
    Neeme Järvi: 70th Birthday Jubilee
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4443 Release Date: 07/22/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Heino Eller,  Jean Sibelius,  Veljo Tormis  ... 
    Performer:  Maarika Järvi
    Conductor:  Kristjan Järvi,  Paavo Järvi,  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Estonian National Male Choir,  Estonian National Symphony Orchestra
    DVD: $28.99
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  • 71.
    Sibelius Edition Vol 4 - Piano Music
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1909/11 Release Date: 05/27/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Folke Gräsbeck,  Lasse Pöysti
    CD: $65.99
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  • 72.
    International Salute / Erich Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5132 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Giacomo Meyerbeer  ... 
    Performer:  Jack Wellbaum
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops,  May Festival Chorus
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 73.
    Masters Of Classical Music Vol 6 / Vassil Kazandjeiv, Sofia So
    Label: Gega New   Catalog: 248 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Johann Pachelbel,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Samuel Barber  ... 
    Conductor:  Vassil Kazandjiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sofia Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $20.98
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  • 74.
    Karajan - Complete Emi Recordings 1946-84 Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 12038 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 88
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Ernst Haefliger,  Anne-Sophie Mutter  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    CD: $194.99
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  • 75.
    Sibelius: Original Works And Arrangements For Cello And Piano
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570797 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Jussi Makkonen,  Rait Karm
    CD: $9.99
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