Jean Sibelius

Biography

Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Sibelius: The Essential Orchestral Favourites With Photo Album
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 12652   Number of Discs: 2
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Sibelius: Songs / Katarina Karneus, Julius Drake
Release Date: 12/10/2013   Label: Helios  
Catalog: 55471   Number of Discs: 1
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Smetana: String Quartets No 1 & 2; Sibelius: Voces Intimae  / Dante Quartet
Release Date: 05/10/2011   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 67845   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Rite of Spring; Sibelius: Symphony No 5 / Bernstein
Release Date: 09/25/2012   Label: Ica Classics  
Catalog: 5082   Number of Discs: 1
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Live At Verbier Festival - Salonen, Sibelius
Release Date: 07/28/2009   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 3078648   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D minor, Op. 47

Browse 76-100 of 137 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    The Legend Of Jean Sibelius - Finlandia, Etc / Vänskä
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1557 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Traditional
    Performer:  Raimo Laukka,  Leonidas Kavakos
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Sibelius, Nielsen: Violin Concertos / Salonen, Cho-liang Lin
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 92613 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Lin Cho-Liang
    Conductor:  Esa-Pekka Salonen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 78.
    The Art Of Ruggiero Ricci
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 3611 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz von Vecsey,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Giorgio Ricci,  Ruggiero Ricci,  Louis Persinger
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Louis de Froment,  Matthias Kuntsch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra,  Bochum Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $25.49
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  • 79.
    Brahms, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Ginette Neveu
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 76831 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Ginette Neveu
    Conductor:  Issay Dobrowen,  Walter Susskind
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Mozart: Symphonies; Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Tennstedt, Yaron
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 5004 Release Date: 08/16/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Yuval Yaron
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Sibelius, Prokofiev, Glazunov: Concertos / Heifetz, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 66372 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Alexander Glazunov
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Walter Hendl,  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Sibelius, Sinding: Violin Concertos, Etc / Kraggerud, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557266 Release Date: 09/21/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Christian Sinding
    Performer:  Henning Kraggerud
    Conductor:  Bjarte Engeset
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Prokofiev, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Gringolts, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474814 Release Date: 06/15/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Ilya Gringolts
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Classic Library - Tchaikovsky, Sibelius: Violin Concerto
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 59419 Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Khachaturian, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Khachatryan
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 4959 Release Date: 03/16/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Sergey Khachatryan
    Conductor:  Emmanuel Krivine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sinfonia Varsovia
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  • 86.
    Yehudi Menuhin - The Violinist
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85562 Release Date: 11/04/2003   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Carl Nielsen,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Gioconda de Vito,  Robert Masters,  Derek Simpson  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir William Walton,  Mogens Wöldike,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Anthony Bernard  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Menuhin Festival Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $69.99
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  • 87.
    The Perlman Edition - Sibelius, Sinding, Korngold
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 62590 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Christian Sinding,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Sibelius: The Symphonies, Etc / Vladimir Ashkenazy, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000121902 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Elisabeth Söderström,  Boris Belkin
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto; Svendsen, Grieg / Sergiu Schwartz
    Label: Vox Allegretto   Catalog: 8199 Release Date: 08/27/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Johan Svendsen,  Edvard Grieg
    Performer:  Sergiu Schwartz,  Rachel Franklin
    Conductor:  Paul Freeman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Sibelius; Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Repin, Krivine, London Symphony
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 7495532 Release Date: 03/10/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Vadim Repin
    Conductor:  Emmanuel Krivine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Sibelius: Complete Works For Violin And Orchestra / Tetzlaff
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 45534 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Christian Tetzlaff
    Conductor:  Thomas Dausgaard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish National Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Sibelius: Symphonies, Violin Concerto, Etc / Maazel, Rachlin
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 87882 Release Date: 11/19/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Julian Rachlin
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Brahms, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Ginette Neveu
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 61011 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Ginette Neveu
    Conductor:  Issay Dobrowen,  Walter Susskind
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 94.
    Sibelius, Tchaikovsky, Glazunov: Violin Concertos
    Label: Emi Classics Références   Catalog: 64030 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Symphony No 2 / Barbirolli, Neveu
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9733 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Ginette Neveu
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Serenades Nos. 1 & 2, Suite Op.117, Six Humoresques
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7406062 Release Date: 10/15/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Jari Valo,  Jaakko Kuusisto,  Miriam Fried
    Conductor:  Juha Kangas,  Atso Almila,  Okko Kamu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra,  Kuopio Symphony Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto In D Minor
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 464741 Release Date: 04/23/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Viktoria Mullova
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Sibelius, Khachaturian: Violin Concertos / Aaron Rosand
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 7904 Release Date: 01/02/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Aaron Rosand
    Conductor:  Kees Bakels
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Sibelius Panorama / Karajan, Berlin Philarmonic, Kamu, Helsinki Radio Symphony
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469202 Release Date: 10/17/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Christian Ferras
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Okko Kamu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Helsinki Radio Symphony
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  • 100.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto/Dvorak: Violin Concerto
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4681442 Release Date: 09/04/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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