Jean Sibelius

Biography

Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Pike, Davis, Bergen
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5134   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Complete Symphonies / Lintu [5 DVD]
Release Date: 11/13/2015   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 101796   Number of Discs: 5
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Sibelius: Complete Symphonies / John Storgards, BBC Philharmonic
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10809   Number of Discs: 3
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Sibelius: Scènes Historiques, Etc / Gibson, Scottish Natl
Release Date: 08/11/1993   Label: Chandos Collect  
Catalog: 6591   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Lemminkäinen Legends, Etc / Gibson, Scottish Natl
Release Date: 12/08/1993   Label: Chandos Collect  
Catalog: 6586   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D minor, Op. 47

Browse 76-100 of 114 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    The Art of Ruggiero Ricci
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 3611 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz von Vecsey,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Giorgio Ricci,  Ruggiero Ricci,  Louis Persinger
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Louis de Froment,  Matthias Kuntsch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra,  Bochum Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $25.49
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  • 77.
    Mozart: Symphonies; Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Tennstedt, Yaron
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 5004 Release Date: 08/16/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Yuval Yaron
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Sibelius, Prokofiev, Glazunov: Concertos / Heifetz, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 66372 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Alexander Glazunov
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Walter Hendl,  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
    SuperAudio CD: $11.99
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  • 79.
    Sibelius, Sinding: Violin Concertos, Etc / Kraggerud, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557266 Release Date: 09/21/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Christian Sinding
    Performer:  Henning Kraggerud
    Conductor:  Bjarte Engeset
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Prokofiev, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Gringolts, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474814 Release Date: 06/15/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Ilya Gringolts
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Serenades, Humoresque / Haendel, Berglund
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 75236 Release Date: 05/04/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Ida Haendel
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Classic Library - Tchaikovsky, Sibelius: Violin Concerto
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 59419 Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 83.
    Khachaturian, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Khachatryan
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 4959 Release Date: 03/16/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Sergey Khachatryan
    Conductor:  Emmanuel Krivine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sinfonia Varsovia
    CD: $17.99
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  • 84.
    Yehudi Menuhin - The Violinist
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85562 Release Date: 11/04/2003   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Carl Nielsen,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Gioconda de Vito,  Robert Masters,  Derek Simpson  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir William Walton,  Mogens Wöldike,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Anthony Bernard  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Menuhin Festival Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $69.99
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  • 85.
    Sibelius: The Symphonies, Etc / Vladimir Ashkenazy, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000121902 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Elisabeth Söderström,  Boris Belkin
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Sibelius, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerti / Mullova, Ozawa, BSO
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 416821 Release Date: 11/20/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Viktoria Mullova
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Finlandia, Etc / Sarbu, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75566 Release Date: 10/01/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Eugene Sarbu
    Conductor:  Ole Schmidt,  Sir Alexander Gibson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra,  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Symphony No 2 / Barbirolli, Neveu
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9733 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Ginette Neveu
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 89.
    Sibelius, Khachaturian: Violin Concertos / Aaron Rosand
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 7904 Release Date: 01/02/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Aaron Rosand
    Conductor:  Kees Bakels
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Sibelius, Goldmark: Violin Concertos / Bell, Salonen, Et Al
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 65949 Release Date: 08/22/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karl Goldmark,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Joshua Bell
    Conductor:  Esa-Pekka Salonen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Etc / Marriner, Sitkovetsky, Asmf
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98353 Release Date: 04/04/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Dmitri Sitkovetsky
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 92.
    Artists of the Century - Jascha Heifetz - The Supreme
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63470 Release Date: 02/08/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Alexander Glazunov,  Jean Sibelius,  Max Bruch  ... 
    Performer:  Brooks Smith,  Jascha Heifetz,  Osian Ellis
    Conductor:  Walter Hendl,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Label: Simax   Catalog: 1173 Release Date: 09/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Wilhelm Stenhammar,  (Olav) Fartein Valen
    Performer:  Arve Tellefsen
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund,  Ole Kristian Ruud
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Trondheim Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 94.
    World Of Classics - Scandinavian Classical Music
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 1169 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Andreas Düben,  Jean Sibelius,  Christian Sinding  ... 
    Performer:  Stefan Jeschko,  Marian Lapansky,  Helmuth Rilling,  Isabel Mourao  ... 
    Conductor:  Bystrik Rezucha,  Libor Pesek,  Fritz Mareczek,  Albert Hartmann  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Stuttgart Philharmonic Orchestra,  South German Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 95.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, En Saga, Etc / Rachlin, Maazel
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 53272 Release Date: 02/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Julian Rachlin
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Schumann, Sibelius: The Great Violin Concertos / Peter Rybar
    Label: Doron Music   Catalog: 4009 Release Date: 10/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Peter Rybar
    Conductor:  Paul Burkhard,  Victor Desarzens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Beromünster Orchestra,  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Etc / Kuusisto, Segerstam
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 878 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Päivi Korhonen,  Pekka Kuusisto
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 98.
    Sibelius, Elgar: Violin Concertos / Kang, Leaper
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553233 Release Date: 03/26/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Dong-Suk Kang
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony
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  • 99.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Serenades, Etc / Mutter, Previn
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 447895 Release Date: 02/13/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
    CD: $17.99
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  • 100.
    Sibelius, Glazunov: Violin Concertos / Dubeau, Marinov
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 23045 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Angèle Dubeau
    Conductor:  Ivan Marinov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bulgarian Radio Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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