Jean Sibelius

Biography

Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Lorin Maazel Conducts Sibelius
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 7808332   Number of Discs: 5
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Sibelius, Ades: Violin Concertos / Hadelich, Lintu
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2276   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Jennifer Pike, Andrew Davis, Bergen Philharmonic
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5134   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Symphony No 2 / Jansons, Royal Concertgebouw
Release Date: 05/09/2006   Label: Rco Live  
Catalog: 5005   Number of Discs: 1
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Herbert Von Karajan: 3 Classic Albums - Sibelius, Grieg, Nielsen
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002120302   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D minor, Op. 47

Browse 76-100 of 145 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Tchaikovsky, Sibelius / Kyung-Wha Chung
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000837402 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Kyung-Wha Chung
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 77.
    The Essential Sibelius
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1697 Release Date: 11/28/2006   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Laura Vikman,  Silva Koskela,  Tiila Kangas,  Ulla Lampela  ... 
    Conductor:  Jorma Panula,  Astrid Riska,  Osmo Vänskä,  Robert Sund  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tempera String Quartet,  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra,  Jubilate Choir  ... 
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  • 78.
    Sibelius, Brahms: Violin Concertos / Karin Adam
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 219 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Karin Adam
    Conductor:  Antoni Wit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Vadim Repin - Collected Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 63263 Release Date: 10/17/2006   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Richard Strauss,  Igor Stravinsky,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Performer:  Vadim Repin,  Boris Berezovsky,  Dmitry Yablonsky,  Ralf Gothóni  ... 
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Emmanuel Krivine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Chamber Orchestra,  Hallé Orchestra
    CD: $68.99
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  • 80.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Symphony No 5 / Gonley, Leaper
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 516290 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Stephanie Gonley
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grand Canary Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 81.
    Sibelius, Tchaikovsky, Glazunov: Violin Concertos
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 61591 Release Date: 10/03/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexander Glazunov
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Sibelius: Complete Symphonies, Etc / Segerstam, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1075 Release Date: 03/21/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Pekka Kuusisto
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  Polytech Male Choir
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  • 83.
    The Legend Of Jean Sibelius - Finlandia, Etc / Vänskä
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1557 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Traditional
    Performer:  Raimo Laukka,  Leonidas Kavakos
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Sibelius, Nielsen: Violin Concertos / Salonen, Cho-liang Lin
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 92613 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Lin Cho-Liang
    Conductor:  Esa-Pekka Salonen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 85.
    The Art Of Ruggiero Ricci
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 3611 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz von Vecsey,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Giorgio Ricci,  Ruggiero Ricci,  Louis Persinger
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Louis de Froment,  Matthias Kuntsch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra,  Bochum Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $22.99
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  • 86.
    Brahms, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Ginette Neveu
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 76831 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Ginette Neveu
    Conductor:  Issay Dobrowen,  Walter Susskind
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Mozart: Symphonies; Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Tennstedt, Yaron
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 5004 Release Date: 08/16/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Yuval Yaron
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Sibelius, Prokofiev, Glazunov: Concertos / Heifetz, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 66372 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Alexander Glazunov
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Walter Hendl,  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Sibelius, Sinding: Violin Concertos, Etc / Kraggerud, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557266 Release Date: 09/21/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Christian Sinding
    Performer:  Henning Kraggerud
    Conductor:  Bjarte Engeset
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Prokofiev, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Gringolts, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474814 Release Date: 06/15/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Ilya Gringolts
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Classic Library - Tchaikovsky, Sibelius: Violin Concerto
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 59419 Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 92.
    Khachaturian, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Khachatryan
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 4959 Release Date: 03/16/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Sergey Khachatryan
    Conductor:  Emmanuel Krivine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sinfonia Varsovia
    CD: $17.99
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  • 93.
    Yehudi Menuhin - The Violinist
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85562 Release Date: 11/04/2003   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Carl Nielsen,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Gioconda de Vito,  Robert Masters,  Derek Simpson  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir William Walton,  Mogens Wöldike,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Anthony Bernard  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Menuhin Festival Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $69.99
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  • 94.
    The Perlman Edition - Sibelius, Sinding, Korngold
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 62590 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Christian Sinding,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 95.
    Sibelius: The Symphonies, Etc / Vladimir Ashkenazy, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000121902 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Elisabeth Söderström,  Boris Belkin
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto; Svendsen, Grieg / Sergiu Schwartz
    Label: Vox Allegretto   Catalog: 8199 Release Date: 08/27/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Johan Svendsen,  Edvard Grieg
    Performer:  Sergiu Schwartz,  Rachel Franklin
    Conductor:  Paul Freeman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Sibelius; Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Repin, Krivine, London Symphony
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 7495532 Release Date: 03/10/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Vadim Repin
    Conductor:  Emmanuel Krivine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Sibelius: Complete Works For Violin And Orchestra / Tetzlaff
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 45534 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Christian Tetzlaff
    Conductor:  Thomas Dausgaard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish National Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Sibelius: Symphonies, Violin Concerto, Etc / Maazel, Rachlin
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 87882 Release Date: 11/19/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Julian Rachlin
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Brahms, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Ginette Neveu
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 61011 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Ginette Neveu
    Conductor:  Issay Dobrowen,  Walter Susskind
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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