Jean Sibelius

Biography

Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Sibelius: Symphonies Nos. 3, 6 & 7 / Vanska, Minnesota Orchestra
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2006   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Barenboim, Batiashvili, Staatskapelle Berlin
Release Date: 11/04/2016   Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002581802   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Pike, Davis, Bergen
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5134   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Suites - Pelleas et Melisande, King Christian II, Swanwhite / Sakari
Release Date: 07/29/2014   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10828   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Lemminkäinen Legends, Etc / Gibson, Scottish Natl
Release Date: 12/08/1993   Label: Chandos Collect  
Catalog: 6586   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D minor, Op. 47

Browse 51-75 of 126 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Brahms, Sibelius, Arvo Part / Tasmin Little
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 0858622 Release Date: 11/29/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Jean Sibelius,  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Tasmin Little,  Richard Studt,  Martin Roscoe
    Conductor:  Vernon Handley,  Richard Studt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bournemouth Sinfonietta
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  • 52.
    Sibelius, Saint Saens, Chausson / Michael Antonello, Philip Greenberg, National Symphony Orchestra Of Ukraine
    Label: Mja Productions   Catalog: 40599 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Ernest Chausson
    Performer:  Michael Antonello
    Conductor:  Philip Greenberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ukraine National Symphony Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Icon: Vernon Handley - Champion Of British Music
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 98202 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Sir Arthur Bliss,  Sir William Walton  ... 
    Performer:  Nigel Kennedy,  Tasmin Little
    Conductor:  Vernon Handley
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 54.
    Ross Edwards: Maninyas; Sibelius: Violin Concerto
    Label: Canary Classics   Catalog: 9 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Ross Edwards
    Performer:  Adele Anthony
    Conductor:  Arvo Volmer
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  • 55.
    Sibelius, Nielsen: Violin Concertos / Vengerov, Barenboim, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 73005 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Carl Nielsen
    Performer:  Maxim Vengerov
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 56.
    The Greatest Romantic Violin Concertos / Vaclav Hudecek
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4055 Release Date: 05/24/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Václav Hudecek
    Conductor:  Jiří Bělohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra,  Prague Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Scandinavian Classics Vol 3 / Erik Tuxen, Thomas Jensen, Mil Telmanyi
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 697/98 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Harald Saeverud,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Emil Telmányi
    Conductor:  Erik Tuxen,  Thomas Jensen
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  • 58.
    Thomas Zehetmair: The Teldec Recordings
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 81031 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Michael Haydn,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Zehetmair,  Tabea Zimmermann,  Pierre-Laurent Aimard,  Clemens Hagen  ... 
    Conductor:  Thomas Zehetmair,  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Christoph Eschenbach,  Christoph von Dohnányi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  German Chamber Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 59.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, The Bard, The Wood Nymph / Zimmermann, Storgards
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1147-2 Release Date: 08/31/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Frank Peter Zimmermann
    Conductor:  John Storgĺrds
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto; Schumann: Symphony No 2 / Sokolov, Ashkenazy
    Label: Juxtapositions   Catalog: 3078748 Release Date: 08/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Valeriy Sokolov
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe
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  • 61.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto In D Major; Sibelius: Violin Concerto In D Minor
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4024 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Ida Haendel
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Sibelius, Prokofiev: Violin Concertos / Vilde Frang
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 84413 Release Date: 02/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Vilde Frang
    Conductor:  Thomas Sondergĺrd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 63.
    The Royal Edition - Brahms, Sibelius: Concertos / Bernstein
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47540 Release Date: 11/04/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Zino Francescatti
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 64.
    Sibelius Edition Vol 8 - Orchestral Music
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1921/3 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Jaakko Kuusisto,  Neeme Järvi,  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 65.
    The Great Violin Concertos / Yehudi Menuhin
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 64198 Release Date: 04/21/2009   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Edouard Lalo  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Cocker,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Christian Ferras,  William Bennett  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Lysy,  Jerzy Maksymiuk,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Efrem Kurtz  ... 
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  • 66.
    Icon - Jascha Heifetz - The Master Violinist
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 17312 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  César Franck,  Niccolň Paganini,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Jascha Heifetz,  Arpád Sándor,  Benno Moiseiwitsch  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Sibelius Edition Vol 6 - Violin And Piano
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1915/17 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Folke Gräsbeck,  Jaakko Kuusisto,  Bengt Forsberg,  Nils-Erik Sparf  ... 
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  • 68.
    David Oistrakh - The Complete EMI Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 14712 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Karen Khachaturian,  Eugčne Ysa˙e  ... 
    Performer:  Jacov Shapiro,  Joseph Stidel,  Joseph Gertovich,  Mikhail Terian  ... 
    Conductor:  Nicolai Malko,  Aram Khachaturian,  Maxim Shostakovich,  Lovro von Matacic  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 69.
    Archive - Sibelius, Khachaturian: Violin Concerti;  Sarasate / Taschner, Sandberg, Et Al
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6421508 Release Date: 07/22/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Aram Khachaturian,  Pablo de Sarasate
    Performer:  Gerhard Taschner
    Conductor:  Herbert Sandberg,  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt,  Fritz Lehmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra,  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 70.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Etc / Itzhak Perlman
    Label: Rca Papillion   Catalog: 6520 Release Date: 06/19/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Maurice Ravel,  Edouard Lalo
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf,  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Schoenberg, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Hilary Hahn, Esa-pekka Salonen, Swedish Radio So
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001085802 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Hilary Hahn
    Conductor:  Esa-Pekka Salonen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Schumann, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Kremer, Muti
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 63894 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 73.
    The Absolute Sibelius - Violin Concerto, Symphony No. 2
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1115 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Pekka Kuusisto
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Sibelius & Lindberg: Violin Concertos / Oramo, Batiashvili, Finnish Radio So
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 712936 Release Date: 10/02/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Magnus Lindberg,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Lisa Batiashvili
    Conductor:  Sakari Oramo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Sibelius: Symphonies No 1-7, Etc / Simon Rattle
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 753 Release Date: 10/02/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Nigel Kennedy
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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