Jean Sibelius

Biography

Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Sibelius: The Essential Orchestral Favourites With Photo Album
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 12652   Number of Discs: 2
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Sibelius: Songs / Katarina Karneus, Julius Drake
Release Date: 12/10/2013   Label: Helios  
Catalog: 55471   Number of Discs: 1
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Smetana: String Quartets No 1 & 2; Sibelius: Voces Intimae  / Dante Quartet
Release Date: 05/10/2011   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 67845   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Rite of Spring; Sibelius: Symphony No 5 / Bernstein
Release Date: 09/25/2012   Label: Ica Classics  
Catalog: 5082   Number of Discs: 1
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Live At Verbier Festival - Salonen, Sibelius
Release Date: 07/28/2009   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 3078648   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D minor, Op. 47

Browse 101-125 of 137 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Sibelius, Goldmark: Violin Concertos / Bell, Salonen, Et Al
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 65949 Release Date: 08/22/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karl Goldmark,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Joshua Bell
    Conductor:  Esa-Pekka Salonen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Etc / Marriner, Sitkovetsky, Asmf
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98353 Release Date: 04/04/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Dmitri Sitkovetsky
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 103.
    Artists Of The Century - Jascha Heifetz - The Supreme
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63470 Release Date: 02/08/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Alexander Glazunov,  Jean Sibelius,  Max Bruch  ... 
    Performer:  Brooks Smith,  Jascha Heifetz,  Osian Ellis
    Conductor:  Walter Hendl,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra
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  • 104.
    Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto;  Dvorak, Et Al /Perlman, Et Al
    Label: Rca Red Seal Hp   Catalog: 63591 Release Date: 01/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Label: Simax   Catalog: 1173 Release Date: 09/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Wilhelm Stenhammar,  (Olav) Fartein Valen
    Performer:  Arve Tellefsen
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund,  Ole Kristian Ruud
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Trondheim Symphony Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Violin Concerto / Kremer, Muti, Etc
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73561 Release Date: 08/10/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Paavo Berglund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra
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  • 107.
    World Of Classics - Scandinavian Classical Music
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 1169 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Andreas Düben,  Jean Sibelius,  Christian Sinding  ... 
    Performer:  Stefan Jeschko,  Marian Lapansky,  Helmuth Rilling,  Isabel Mourao  ... 
    Conductor:  Bystrik Rezucha,  Libor Pesek,  Fritz Mareczek,  Albert Hartmann  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Stuttgart Philharmonic Orchestra,  South German Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 108.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, En Saga, Etc / Rachlin, Maazel
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 53272 Release Date: 02/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Julian Rachlin
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Sibelius, Mendelssohn: Violin Concertos / Chang, Jansons
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56418 Release Date: 02/24/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Sarah Chang
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 110.
    Schumann, Sibelius: The Great Violin Concertos / Peter Rybar
    Label: Doron Music   Catalog: 4009 Release Date: 10/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Peter Rybar
    Conductor:  Paul Burkhard,  Victor Desarzens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Beromünster Orchestra,  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra
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  • 111.
    Brahms, Sibelius, Etc: Violin Concertos / Gidon Kremer
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 69334 Release Date: 09/10/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Alfred Schnittke,  Paul Hindemith,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Andrei Gavrilov,  Gidon Kremer
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 112.
    Sibelius, Nielsen: Violin Concertos / Vengerov, Barenboim
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 13161 Release Date: 09/03/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Maxim Vengerov
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 113.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Etc / Kuusisto, Segerstam
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 878 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Päivi Korhonen,  Pekka Kuusisto
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 114.
    Sibelius, Elgar: Violin Concertos / Kang, Leaper
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553233 Release Date: 03/26/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Dong-Suk Kang
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony
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  • 115.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Serenades, Etc / Mutter, Previn
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 447895 Release Date: 02/13/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 116.
    Sibelius, Glazunov: Violin Concertos / Dubeau, Marinov
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 23045 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Angèle Dubeau
    Conductor:  Ivan Marinov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bulgarian Radio Orchestra
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  • 117.
    Sibelius, Glazunov, Prokovief, Kabalevsky: Violin Concertos / Angele Dubeau
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 2020 Release Date: 12/01/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Jean Sibelius,  Dmitri Kabalevsky
    Performer:  Angèle Dubeau
    Conductor:  Ivan Marinov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bulgarian National Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 118.
    Heifetz - Sibelius, Prokofiev, Glazunov: Concertos / Hendl
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 61744 Release Date: 08/15/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Walter Hendl,  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 119.
    Tchaikovsky, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Josefowicz
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 446131 Release Date: 08/15/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Leila Josefowicz
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 120.
    Sibelius: The Complete Symphonies Vol 2 / Davis, Boston So
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 446160 Release Date: 06/13/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 121.
    Isaac Stern - A Life In Music - Box I
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 67193 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Antonín Dvorák,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern,  Leonard Rose,  David Oistrakh,  Eugene Istomin  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Zubin Mehta,  Daniel Barenboim,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra members,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 122.
    Isaac Stern - A Life In Music - Tchaikovsky, Sibelius
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 66829 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 123.
    Mischa Lefkowitz - Three Romantic Violin Concerti / Amos
    Label: Cambria   Catalog: 1064 Release Date: 04/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Diciedue,  Jean Sibelius,  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Mischa Lefkowitz
    Conductor:  David Amos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Warsaw Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
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  • 124.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto;  Bruch / Midori, Mehta, Israel Po
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 58967 Release Date: 09/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Midori
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 125.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto, Etc / Marcovici, Järvi
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 372 Release Date: 08/11/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Silvia Marcovici
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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