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Jean Sibelius

Biography

Born: Dec 8, 1865; Finland   Died: Sep 20, 1957; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Finland's Jean Sibelius is perhaps the most important composer associated with nationalism in music and one of the most influential in the development of the symphony and symphonic poem. Sibelius was born in southern Finland, the second of three children. His physician father left the family bankrupt, owing to his financial extravagance, a trait that, along with heavy drinking, he would pass on to Jean. Jean showed talent on the violin and at age Read more nine composed his first work for it, Rain Drops. In 1885 Sibelius entered the University of Helsinki to study law, but after only a year found himself drawn back to music. He took up composition studies with Martin Wegelius and violin with Mitrofan Wasiliev, then Hermann Csillag. During this time he also became a close friend of Busoni. Though Sibelius auditioned for the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, he would come to realize he was not suited to a career as a violinist.
In 1889 Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study counterpoint with Albert Becker, where he also was exposed to new music, particularly that of Richard Strauss. In Vienna he studied with Karl Goldmark and then Robert Fuchs, the latter said to be his most effective teacher. Now Sibelius began pondering the composition of the Kullervo Symphony, based on the Kalevala legends. Sibelius returned to Finland, taught music, and in June 1892, married Aino Järnefelt, daughter of General Alexander Järnefelt, head of one of the most influential families in Finland. The premiere of Kullervo in April 1893 created a veritable sensation, Sibelius thereafter being looked upon as the foremost Finnish composer. The Lemminkäinen suite, begun in 1895 and premiered on April 13, 1896, has come to be regarded as the most important music by Sibelius up to that time.
In 1897 the Finnish Senate voted to pay Sibelius a short-term pension, which some years later became a lifetime conferral. The honor was in lieu of his loss of an important professorship in composition at the music school, the position going to Robert Kajanus. The year 1899 saw the premiere of Sibelius' First Symphony, which was a tremendous success, to be sure, but not quite of the magnitude of that of Finlandia (1899; rev. 1900).
In the next decade Sibelius would become an international figure in the concert world. Kajanus introduced several of the composer's works abroad; Sibelius himself was invited to Heidelberg and Berlin to conduct his music. In March 1901, the Second Symphony was received as a statement of independence for Finland, although Sibelius always discouraged attaching programmatic ideas to his music. His only concerto, for violin, came in 1903. The next year Sibelius built a villa outside of Helsinki, named "Ainola" after his wife, where he would live for his remaining 53 years. After a 1908 operation to remove a throat tumor, Sibelius was implored to abstain from alcohol and tobacco, a sanction he followed until 1915. It is generally believed that the darkening of mood in his music during these years owes something to the health crisis.
Sibelius made frequent trips to England, having visited first in 1905 at the urging of Granville Bantock. In 1914 he traveled to Norfolk, CT, where he conducted his newest work The Oceanides. Sibelius spent the war years in Finland working on his Fifth Symphony. Sibelius traveled to England for the last time in 1921. Three years later he completed his Seventh Symphony, and his last work was the incidental music for The Tempest (1925). For his last 30 years Sibelius lived a mostly quiet life, working only on revisions and being generally regarded as the greatest living composer of symphonies. In 1955 his 90th birthday was widely celebrated throughout the world with many performances of his music. Sibelius died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1957. Read less
Sibelius: Finlandia, Karelia Suite, Etc / Sakari, Iceland So
Release Date: 09/28/1999   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554265   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Symphony No 4 & 5 / Sakari, Iceland Symphony
Release Date: 03/14/2000   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554377   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Piano Music Vol 3 / Hĺvard Gimse
Release Date: 08/21/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554814   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Piano Miniatures / Hĺvard Gimse
Release Date: 06/17/2003   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555363   Number of Discs: 1
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Sibelius: Scčnes Historiques 1 And 2, King Christian II / Inkinen, New Zealand SO
Release Date: 01/29/2008   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8570068   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Swan of Tuonela

Browse 51-75 of 94 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Radiance - Music For The End Of The Day
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17484 Release Date: 03/08/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Frédéric Chopin,  Jean Sibelius,  Jules Massenet  ... 
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  • 52.
    Radiance - More Classics For Yoga
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17463 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Holst,  Gabriel Fauré,  Claude Debussy,  Robert Schumann  ... 
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  • 53.
    Gemini - Sibelius: Tone Poems, Songs
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85785 Release Date: 08/10/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Geoffrey Parsons,  Siv Wennberg,  Dame Gwyneth Jones
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Sir Alexander Gibson,  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Scottish National Orchestra  ... 
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  • 54.
    The Most Soothing Lullabies In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17352 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy,  Francesco Manfredini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
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  • 55.
    Sibelius: Finlandia, Etc / Vänskä, Lahti So, Gräsbeck, Et Al
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1295 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Folke Gräsbeck,  Jaakko Kuusisto
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Sibelius: Orchestral Favourites With Photo Album
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1037 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam,  Jukka-Pekka Saraste,  Jean Sibelius,  Tuomas Ollila
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 57.
    More Of The Most Relaxing Classical Music In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17266 Release Date: 08/12/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Kosaku Yamada,  Gustav Holst,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Enrique Granados  ... 
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  • 58.
    Simply The Best - Classical Passion - Music For Lovers
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 49754 Release Date: 05/20/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Alexander Borodin,  Aram Khachaturian,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Cyprien Katsaris,  Tasmin Little,  Elisabeth Leonskaja,  Dieter Klöcker  ... 
    Conductor:  Eliahu Inbal,  Sir Andrew Davis,  Leopold Hager,  Thomas Zehetmair  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Brodsky String Quartet,  BBC Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 59.
    Karajan - The Collection - Grieg, Sibelius / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000005402 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 60.
    The Instruments Of The Orchestra / Jeremy Siepmann
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558040-46 Release Date: 12/03/2002   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johannes Brahms,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki,  Idil Biret,  Tedi Papavrami,  Maria Kliegel  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Antoni Wit,  Richard Edlinger,  Takuo Yuasa  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Ulster Orchestra  ... 
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  • 61.
    Sibelius: Symphonies, Violin Concerto, Etc / Maazel, Rachlin
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 87882 Release Date: 11/19/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Julian Rachlin
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Reveries / Eiji Oue, Minnesota Orchestra
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 99 Release Date: 08/06/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Marni J. Hougham,  Adam Kuenzel,  Anthony Ross
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Sibelius: En Saga, Finlandia, etc / Davis, Royal Stockholm PO
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7406202 Release Date: 10/15/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Eloquence - Sibelius: Symphony No 2, Etc / Karajan, Berlin
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469647 Release Date: 09/18/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Gerhard Stempnik
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Okko Kamu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Night Music 9 - Classical Favourites For Relaxing
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556609 Release Date: 09/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Claude Debussy,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Ilona Prunyi,  Csaba Onczay,  András Kiss,  Jénö Jandó  ... 
    Conductor:  Bohdan Warchal,  Keith Clark,  Jaroslav Dvorák,  Ondrej Lenárd  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Budapest Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 66.
    Marcel Tabuteau Excerpts / Stokowski, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Boston Records   Catalog: 1021 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Marcel Tabuteau
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Sibelius Panorama / Karajan, Berlin Philarmonic, Kamu, Helsinki Radio Symphony
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469202 Release Date: 10/17/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Christian Ferras
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Okko Kamu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Helsinki Radio Symphony
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  • 68.
    Sibelius: Finlandia, Tapiola, Etc / Berglund, Philharmonia
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73735 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $7.99
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  • 69.
    D'un Siecle A L'autre
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 782096 Release Date: 05/23/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leos Janácek,  Gustav Mahler,  Claude Debussy,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Hüseyin Sermet,  Régis Pasquier,  Gustav Schmahl,  Manfred Reinelt  ... 
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann,  Charles Munch,  Pierre Bartholomée,  Erich Bergel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Novák String Quartet,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  ORTF National Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $27.49
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  • 70.
    The Sibelius Edition / Barbirolli, Hallé Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67299 Release Date: 05/09/2000   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
    CD: $53.99
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  • 71.
    Sibelius / Vänskä, Lahti So
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1125 Release Date: 03/15/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Dong-Suk Kang,  Jukka Hirvikangas
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $21.49
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  • 72.
    Sibelius Festival / Mattila, Segerstam, Saraste, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 930 Release Date: 09/21/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Jorma Hynninen,  Ilmo Ranta,  Karita Mattila,  Raija Kerppo  ... 
    Conductor:  Jukka-Pekka Saraste,  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 73.
    The Best Of Sibelius
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556677 Release Date: 06/22/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Dong-Suk Kang
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper,  Kenneth Schermerhorn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Bratislava Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 74.
    Sibelius: Symphonies no 4-7, etc / Karajan, Berlin PO
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457748 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Bernstein Century - Grieg: Peer Gynt Suites;  Sibelius
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 63156 Release Date: 09/29/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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