Nathaniel Shilkret


Born: December 25, 1889; Queens, NY   Died: February 18, 1982; Franklin Square, NY  
Nathaniel "Nat" Shilkret was born in Queens and came up through the ranks of New York's then-numerous community orchestras as a "boy wonder" clarinetist; he also played violin and piano and took lessons with George Gershwin's teacher, Charles Hambitzer. By the time Shilkret was 18, he was a member of the New York Philharmonic; he would also play with the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and in Arthur Pryor's Band. In 1915, Shilkret began working for Read more Victor as an arranger and conductor, yet did not earn a credit on records until 1921 when he teamed with drummer and Victor executive Eddie King to form the Shilking Orchestra. The silly name was retired after only three records, but the basic 8-10 musicians who made up the Shilking continued on under Shilkret's direction, producing numerous popular music selections to suit Victor's various needs. Aided by guest performers and filled out by sidemen, the Shilking appeared on Victor Records as the Great White Way Orchestra, the Manhattan Merrymakers, the Troubadours, Victor Salon Orchestra, International Novelty Orchestra, Hilo Hawaiian Orchestra, All-Star Orchestra, and so on. The device Shilkret and the Victor Orchestra didn't appear on records until the release of "Barcelona," a novelty hit with a Billy Murray vocal, in 1926.

Shilkret relied on star soloists to help set his records apart from the stiff competition in the 1920s record market. The All-Star Orchestra, a Shilking variant that lasted from 1926 to 1929, boasted at various times the talents of Miff Mole, Joe Venuti, Tommy Dorsey, Glenn Miller, and Jimmy McPartland, and launched the recording career of the young Benny Goodman. Shilkret sometimes borrowed soloists from the Paul Whiteman Orchestra to cover special work, and this irritated Whiteman. Whiteman walked out on an April 1927 session for Rhapsody in Blue after an argument with George Gershwin and was not pleased to find the recording finished and released, under Whiteman's name, with Shilkret leading. Whiteman, along with King, moved to Columbia at the start of 1928; Shilkret took the heat for Whiteman's noisome departure, but remained with Victor, in some capacity or another, until 1945. Shilkret led the Victor Orchestra through many of the symphonic jazz works that Whiteman did not record and contributed to the genre himself with the symphonic poem Skyward. Shilkret also led the first U.S. performances of Gershwin's An American in Paris and made its first recording in 1929, featuring George Gershwin on celeste.

Shilkret's involvement in broadcasting began with the Maxwell House Coffee Hour Orchestra in 1927 and continued on several network programs through at least 1935, when he left New York for Hollywood.

Shilkret's first film score, for Lilac Time (1928), came with the dawn of sound, and his Viennese salon-styled theme song "Jeannine (I Dream of Lilac Time)" became an enormous success, one of the first hit songs from a motion picture. Throughout the early '30s, Shilkret scored short subjects and took advantage of other work available from the New York end of the movie business. Once in Hollywood, RKO reunited Shilkret with the Gershwins to work on the Astaire/Rogers vehicles Shall We Dance and Swingtime. Ultimately, though, most of Shilkret's Hollywood work was done in short subjects, though that included cartoon music for Walter Lantz and several films with Laurel and Hardy; he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Score for Winterset (1936). After George Gershwin suddenly died in 1937, Shilkret led the memorial concert for Gershwin at the Hollywood Bowl.

Shilkret established himself as a music publisher in 1940, writing a trombone concerto for Tommy Dorsey, among other works. In 1945, Shilkret mounted the lavish production of the Genesis Suite, a multipart history of Judaism with collaborative entries by Igor Stravinsky, Arnold Schoenberg, Ernest Toch, Darius Milhaud, and others.

Afterward, Shilkret continued to work in the movie business, but effectively retired in 1958 when his wife passed away. Shilkret lived to be 94 and died totally forgotten; along the way he lost all of his music in a house fire. However, posterity is slowly recognizing his merit -- the Genesis Suite has become recognized as a major event in American Jewish culture, Shilkret's involvement in symphonic jazz is viewed as central to the genre, and the many happy, hot, and semi-hot dance records he made in the 1920s and early '30s form a respectable legacy unto themselves. Read less
Browse 1-13 of 13 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Originals - Musical Comedy 1909-1935
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 82405 Release Date: 01/18/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Scott,  Nora Bayes,  George M. Cohan,  Elsie Janis  ... 
    Performer:  Blanche Ring,  Nora Bayes,  Jack Norworth,  Al Jolson  ... 
    Conductor:  Rosario Bourdon,  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Leonard Joy,  Richard Himber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Chorus,  Ritz-Carlton Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 2.
    Golden Age Light Music - Four Decades Of Light Music Vol 1 - 1920s & 1930s
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 5134 Release Date: 09/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Walter Collins,  Percy Fletcher,  Emil Waldteufel,  Jesse Greer  ... 
    Conductor:  Frank Tours,  Horace Sheldon,  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Emanuel Starkey
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Debroy Somers Band,  Plaza Theatre Orchestra,  London Palladium Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    The Essential Collection - George Gershwin
    Label: West End Records   Catalog: 872 Release Date: 11/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Gershwin
    Performer:  Al Jolson,  Sue Allen,  Hazel Scott,  Ike Hatch  ... 
    Conductor:  Carmen Dragon,  Billy Butterfield,  Toots Camarata,  Eddie Condon  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Billy Butterfield Orchestra,  Eddie Condon Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $13.99
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  • 4.
    Prima Voce - Lucrezia Bori In Opera & Song
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7932 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Joaquin Valverde,  Edwick Rumbold  ... 
    Performer:  Lucrezia Bori,  John McCormack,  Lawrence Tibbett,  George Copeland
    Conductor:  Josef Pasternack,  Rosario Bourdon,  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Frank Black
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 5.
    Prima Voce - John Charles Thomas In Opera & Song
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7931 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  May Brahe,  Percy Aldridge Grainger,  Frank Bridge  ... 
    Performer:  John Charles Thomas,  Carroll Hollister
    Conductor:  Frank Edward Tours,  Charles O'Connell,  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Nat Finston
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 6.
    Ravel: Bolero / Fiedler, Koussevitsky, Munch, Tomita, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63670 Release Date: 06/06/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Mario Braggiotti,  Jacques Fray,  Evelyn Glennie,  Morton Gould  ... 
    Conductor:  Eduardo Mata,  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Barry Wordsworth,  Morton Gould  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  Nathaniel Shilkret Orchestra,  National Philharmonic Orchestra London  ... 
    CD: $8.99
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  • 7.
    Sousa Marches Played By The Sousa Band
    Label: Crystal   Catalog: 461 Release Date: 09/30/1997   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa
    Conductor:  Rosario Bourdon,  Arthur Pryor,  Josef Pasternack,  Nathaniel Shilkret  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Victor Band,  Sousa's Band,  Pryor's Band
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    CD: $48.99
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  • 8.
    Prima Voce - Legendary Baritones
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7867 Release Date: 04/25/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Albert Lortzing  ... 
    Performer:  Lawrence Tibbett,  Renato Zanelli,  Igor Gorin,  Gerhard Hüsch  ... 
    Conductor:  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Bruno Reibold,  Frieder Weissmann,  Frank Edward Tours
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 9.
    Prima Voce Sampler
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1430 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Amand Mangold,  Richard Strauss,  Traditional,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Frieda Hempel,  Tiana Lemnitz,  Erna Berger  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Gustav Cloëz,  Pietro Mascagni  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Chorus  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 10.
    Prima Voce - Giovanni Martinelli
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7804 Release Date: 12/02/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Pietro Mascagni  ... 
    Performer:  Giovanni Martinelli,  Grace Anthony,  Rosa Ponselle,  Giuseppe de Luca
    Conductor:  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Giulio Setti,  Rosario Bourdon,  Josef Pasternack  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Chorus,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 11.
    Prima Voce - John Charles Thomas
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7838 Release Date: 12/02/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Oscar Straus,  Oley Speaks,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  John Charles Thomas,  Carroll Hollister,  Lester Hodges
    Conductor:  Frank Edward Tours,  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Charles O'Connell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 12.
    Prima Voce - Tibbett In Opera
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7825 Release Date: 12/02/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Lawrence Tibbett,  Giovanni Martinelli,  Leonard Warren,  Rose Bampton  ... 
    Conductor:  Nathaniel Shilkret,  Rosario Bourdon,  Wilfrid Pelletier,  Alexander Smallens  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Chorus,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 13.
    Beniamino Gigli - O Sole Mio
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63390 Release Date: 07/18/1990   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Becce,  Nino Mazziotti,  Ruggero Leoncavallo  ... 
    Performer:  Beniamino Gigli
    Conductor:  Walter Goehr,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Rinaldo Zamboni,  Franco Ghione  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $29.98
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