Robert Schumann

Biography

Born: Jun 8, 1810; Germany   Died: Jul 29, 1856; Germany   Period: Romantic
One of the great composers of the nineteenth century, Schumann was the quintessential artist whose life and work embody the idea of Romanticism in music. Schumann was uncomfortable with larger musical forms, such as the symphony and the concerto (nevertheless, representative works in these genres contain moments of great beauty), expressing the full range of his lyrical genius in songs and short pieces for piano. Schumann's extraordinary ability Read more to translate profound, delicate -- and sometimes fleeting -- states of the soul is exemplified by works such as the song cycle Dichterliebe (A Poet's Love), after Heinrich Heine, and his brilliant collections of short piano pieces, including Phantasiestücke (Fantastic Pieces), Kinderszenen (Scenes form Childhood), and Waldszenen (Forest Scenes). In his songs, as critics have remarked, Schumann attained the elusive union of music and poetry which Romantic poets and musicians defined as the ultimate goal of art.
Schumann's father was a bookseller who encouraged Robert's musical and literary talents. Robert started studying piano at age 10. In 1828, he enrolled at the University of Leipzig as a law student, although he found music, philosophy, and Leipzig's taverns more interesting than the law. He also began studies with a prominent Leipzig piano teacher, Friedrich Wieck. There was serious mental illness in Schumann's family, and the composer, who most likely suffered from a manic-depressive condition, approached madness with the typical Romantic combination of fear and fascination. A compulsive womanizer and a heavy drinker, Schumann led a life that aggravated his psychological problems. His efforts to become a concert pianist failed after he developed partial paralysis of his right hand. According to a conventional story, the injury resulted from Schumann's compulsive use of a finger-strengthening device, but newer research points to mercury poisoning due to treatment for syphilis. Schumann settled on a career as a composer and musical writer, co-founding the influential Neue Zeitschrift für Musik and attracting attention early with his prophetic praise of Chopin. Many of his articles take the form of dialogues featuring the "League of David," young artists fighting the "Philistines," and headed by his alter egos "Florestan" and "Eusebius," intended to represent the two contrasting facets -- one ebullient, the other reserved -- of his personality. Schumann's music, with its sharp changes in mood, also reflects his tumultuous inner life. Wieck's highly talented pianist daughter Clara grew up and fell in love with Schumann, to her father's horror. Despite Wieck's opposition, Clara and Robert gained the legal right to marry in 1840, a day before Clara's 21st birthday. During this period Schumann composed feverishly. Spellbound by a musical thought, he would work himself to exhaustion, enthusiastically cultivating a particular genre for a period of time. (For instance, 1841 was a "year of songs" in which he brought the Romantic song cycle to its apex). He virtually invented the short, poetic, descriptive Romantic piano work, and produced such works in glorious profusion in the late 1830s. Schumann tackled larger forms in the 1840s, partly at Clara's urging; his four mature symphonies retain a place in the repertoire, but his opera Genoveva failed. He held several musical jobs, teaching at the newly-founded Leipzig Conservatory, eventually becoming town music director in Düsseldorf, but without much success. On February 27, 1854, he threw himself into the freezing waters of the Rhine. After his rescue, he voluntarily entered an asylum. Although he had periods of lucidity, his condition deteriorated, and he died there in 1856, probably of tertiary syphilis. Read less
Schumann, Bach & Brahms / Argerich, Perlman
Release Date: 09/30/2016   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 557553   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven, Schumann, Strauss & Vivaldi: Horn Music / Damm
Release Date: 04/28/2017   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 0300930   Number of Discs: 6
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Brahms: Piano Concerto No 1;  Schumann / Biret, Wit, Et Al
Release Date: 01/16/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554088   Number of Discs: 1
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Schumann: Piano Concerto, Etc / Jandó
Release Date: 02/22/2005   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8557547   Number of Discs: 1
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Pfitzner: Symphony in C - Schumann: Konzertstuck for 4 Horns / Schwarz, Seattle Symphony
Release Date: 09/25/2012   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8572770   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Piano in A minor, Op. 54

Browse 1-25 of 224 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Rudolf Serkin: The Complete Columbia Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88985404062 Release Date: 08/25/2017   Number of Discs: 75
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin,  Adolf Busch,  Hermann Busch,  Pablo Casals  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Bruno Walter,  Eugene Ormandy,  Pablo Casals  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Busch String Quartet  ... 
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  • 2.
    Walter Gieseking: Complete Bach Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797362 Release Date: 08/18/2017   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Walter Gieseking
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 3.
    Ashkenazy: Complete Concerto Recordings / Various
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4831752 Release Date: 08/04/2017   Number of Discs: 48
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Keith Puddy,  Fou Ts'ong,  Daniel Barenboim  ... 
    Conductor:  Anatole Fistoulari,  Lorin Maazel,  Kiril Kondrashin,  David Zinman  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $181.49
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  • 4.
    Dinu Lipatti Collection: 100th Anniversary Edition
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 17011 Release Date: 07/21/2017   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Enescu,  Johannes Brahms,  Domenico Scarlatti  ... 
    Performer:  Dinu Lipatti,  Nadia Boulanger,  Marie-Blanche de Polignac,  Irčne Kedroff  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans von Benda,  Ernest Ansermet,  Alceo Galliera,  Eduard van Beinum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Chamber Ensemble,  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 5.
    Inspirations & Dreams / Borac
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 925 Release Date: 06/02/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Enescu,  Maurice Ravel,  Marcel Mihalovici,  Pablo de Sarasate  ... 
    Performer:  Luiza Borac
    CD: $34.99
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  • 6.
    Karl Bohm: The Early Years
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 561986 Release Date: 06/02/2017   Number of Discs: 19
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Dahmen,  Max Zimolong,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Josef Herrmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Staatskapelle Dresden,  Dresden State Opera Chorus,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 7.
    Arthur Rubinstein Plays Great Piano Concertos
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88883737172 Release Date: 05/12/2017   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Eugene Ormandy,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 8.
    Murray Perahia Plays Schumann
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88985370402 Release Date: 04/21/2017   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Murray Perahia,  Peter Pears
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Immortal Dinu Lipatti
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 559346 Release Date: 02/03/2017   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Dinu Lipatti,  Nadia Boulanger
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Lucerne Festival Orchestra
    CD: $13.99
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  • 10.
    Mstislav Rostropovich: Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002593102 Release Date: 01/06/2017   Number of Discs: 37
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Alexander Glazunov  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Martha Argerich,  Rudolf Serkin,  Bruno Giuranna  ... 
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Herbert von Karajan,  Seiji Ozawa,  Paul Sacher  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $128.99
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  • 11.
    Maurizio Pollini: Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002578510 Release Date: 11/18/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann,  Arnold Schoenberg  ... 
    Performer:  Maurizio Pollini,  Andreas Esders,  Gabriele Lechner,  Gretchen Eder  ... 
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung  ... 
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  • 12.
    The Warner Classics Recordings / Argerich
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 558208 Release Date: 11/04/2016   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Alberto Ginastera  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich
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  • 13.
    Sviatoslav Richter: The Complete Warner Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 557828 Release Date: 10/21/2016   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Alban Berg  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  David Oistrakh,  Oleg Kagan  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuri Bashmet,  Lorin Maazel,  Herbert von Karajan,  Riccardo Muti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra di Padova e del Veneto,  Paris Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 14.
    Evgeny Kissin: The Complete RCA & Sony Classical Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 5033827 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Evgeny Kissin,  Mikhail Milman,  Boris Garlitsky,  Vladimir Spivakov  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Vladimir Spivakov,  Seiji Ozawa,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Virtuosi Chamber Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 15.
    Schumann: Piano Concerto / Fliter, Mendez, Scottish Chamber Orchestra [Vinyl]
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: CKH559 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Ingrid Fliter
    Conductor:  Antonio Mendez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Chamber Orchestra
    LP: $34.99
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  • 16.
    Claudio Arrau: The Complete RCA Victor & Columbia Album Collection
    Label: Sony Music Entertainment   Catalog: 307165 Release Date: 10/07/2016   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Karl Krueger,  Desiré DeFauw,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detroit Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD: $39.99
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  • 17.
    Julius Katchen: The Complete Decca Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002543002 Release Date: 09/30/2016   Number of Discs: 35
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Julius Katchen,  Thea King
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    On sale! $111.98
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  • 18.
    Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli: Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002559502 Release Date: 09/23/2016   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli
    CD: $61.49
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  • 19.
    Mozart & Schumann: Piano Concertos / Fischer
    Label: Swr Music   Catalog: 19025 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Annie Fischer
    Conductor:  Hans Müller-Kray,  Hans Rosbaud
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Baden-Baden Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $16.99
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  • 20.
    The Originals, Vol. 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002534902 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Helmut Walcha,  Nathan Milstein,  Géza Anda,  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Eugen Jochum,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $142.49
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  • 21.
    Schumann: Piano Concerto - Weber: Konzertstuck / Brendel, Abbado [Vinyl]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: B002500001 Release Date: 06/03/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Carl Maria von Weber
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    LP: $29.99
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  • 22.
    Schumann & Mendelssohn: Piano Concertos / Fliter, Mendez, Scottish Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 555 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Ingrid Fliter
    Conductor:  Antonio Mendez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Simon Rattle & His Soloists: The CBSO Years
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 555058 Release Date: 04/29/2016   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Cécile Ousset,  Nigel Kennedy,  Lynn Harrell,  Marielle Labčque  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  London Sinfonietta
    CD: $49.99
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  • 24.
    Schumann: Complete Symphonic Works, Vol. 4 / Holliger
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 97717 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Patricia Kopatchinskaja,  Dénes Várjon
    Conductor:  Heinz Holliger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  WDR Sinfonieorchester Köln
    CD: $18.99
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  • 25.
    The Leonard Bernstein Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002462302 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 64
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Alessi,  Philip Smith,  Glenn Dicterow,  Jaap van Zweden  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Bach Festival Percussion Ensemble
    CD: $195.99
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