Robert Schumann


Born: Jun 8, 1810; Germany   Died: Jul 29, 1856; Germany   Period: Romantic
One of the great composers of the nineteenth century, Schumann was the quintessential artist whose life and work embody the idea of Romanticism in music. Schumann was uncomfortable with larger musical forms, such as the symphony and the concerto (nevertheless, representative works in these genres contain moments of great beauty), expressing the full range of his lyrical genius in songs and short pieces for piano. Schumann's extraordinary ability Read more to translate profound, delicate -- and sometimes fleeting -- states of the soul is exemplified by works such as the song cycle Dichterliebe (A Poet's Love), after Heinrich Heine, and his brilliant collections of short piano pieces, including Phantasiestücke (Fantastic Pieces), Kinderszenen (Scenes form Childhood), and Waldszenen (Forest Scenes). In his songs, as critics have remarked, Schumann attained the elusive union of music and poetry which Romantic poets and musicians defined as the ultimate goal of art.
Schumann's father was a bookseller who encouraged Robert's musical and literary talents. Robert started studying piano at age 10. In 1828, he enrolled at the University of Leipzig as a law student, although he found music, philosophy, and Leipzig's taverns more interesting than the law. He also began studies with a prominent Leipzig piano teacher, Friedrich Wieck. There was serious mental illness in Schumann's family, and the composer, who most likely suffered from a manic-depressive condition, approached madness with the typical Romantic combination of fear and fascination. A compulsive womanizer and a heavy drinker, Schumann led a life that aggravated his psychological problems. His efforts to become a concert pianist failed after he developed partial paralysis of his right hand. According to a conventional story, the injury resulted from Schumann's compulsive use of a finger-strengthening device, but newer research points to mercury poisoning due to treatment for syphilis. Schumann settled on a career as a composer and musical writer, co-founding the influential Neue Zeitschrift für Musik and attracting attention early with his prophetic praise of Chopin. Many of his articles take the form of dialogues featuring the "League of David," young artists fighting the "Philistines," and headed by his alter egos "Florestan" and "Eusebius," intended to represent the two contrasting facets -- one ebullient, the other reserved -- of his personality. Schumann's music, with its sharp changes in mood, also reflects his tumultuous inner life. Wieck's highly talented pianist daughter Clara grew up and fell in love with Schumann, to her father's horror. Despite Wieck's opposition, Clara and Robert gained the legal right to marry in 1840, a day before Clara's 21st birthday. During this period Schumann composed feverishly. Spellbound by a musical thought, he would work himself to exhaustion, enthusiastically cultivating a particular genre for a period of time. (For instance, 1841 was a "year of songs" in which he brought the Romantic song cycle to its apex). He virtually invented the short, poetic, descriptive Romantic piano work, and produced such works in glorious profusion in the late 1830s. Schumann tackled larger forms in the 1840s, partly at Clara's urging; his four mature symphonies retain a place in the repertoire, but his opera Genoveva failed. He held several musical jobs, teaching at the newly-founded Leipzig Conservatory, eventually becoming town music director in Düsseldorf, but without much success. On February 27, 1854, he threw himself into the freezing waters of the Rhine. After his rescue, he voluntarily entered an asylum. Although he had periods of lucidity, his condition deteriorated, and he died there in 1856, probably of tertiary syphilis. Read less
Schumann: Piano Trio No 2, Piano Concerto / Melnikov, Queyras, Heras-Casado
Release Date: 09/11/2015   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902198   Number of Discs: 2
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Romantic Quartets & Quintets by Schubert, Schumann & Brahms / Jerusalem Quartet
Release Date: 10/09/2015   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 2908733   Number of Discs: 3
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Andreas Staier Plays Schumann on Period Piano
Release Date: 10/09/2015   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 2908739   Number of Discs: 3
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Schumann: Kinderszenen, Op. 15; Abegg Variations, Op. 1; Papillons, Op. 2; Arabeske, Op. 12; Waldszenen, Op. 82
Release Date: 09/11/2015   Label: Musica Omnia  
Catalog: 511   Number of Discs: 1
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Schumann: Symphonies No 1-4 / Rattle, Berlin PO [2 CDs & 1 Blu-ray Audio]
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Berlin Philharmonic  
Catalog: 140011   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Träumerei

Browse 1-25 of 192 Available Recordings
1 2 ... 7 8
  • 1.
    111 - The Piano - Legendary Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002281002 Release Date: 04/21/2015   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre-Laurent Aimard,  Géza Anda,  Martha Argerich,  Daniel Barenboim  ... 
    CD: $163.49
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  • 2.
    Ouvres Pour La Main Gauche
    Label: Ad Vitam   Catalog: 150215 Release Date: 04/07/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Franz Liszt,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Maxime Zecchini
    On sale! $26.98
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  • 3.
    Liebestraum: Romantic Piano Music
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94989 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Misha Goldstein
    CD: $11.99
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  • 4.
    100 Classical Masterworks
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002188102 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Edvard Grieg,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel,  Neeme Järvi,  Herbert von Karajan,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel,  Neeme Järvi,  Herbert von Karajan,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bolshoi Theater Violin Ensemble,  Ansbach Bach Week Soloists Union,  Salzburg Mozarteum Camerata Academica  ... 
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  • 5.
    Adolf Busch, The Berlin Recordings 1921-1929
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2406 Release Date: 08/12/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Antonín Dvorák,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Adolf Busch,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Rudolf Serkin
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  • 6.
    Schumann: Piano Works
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 9009 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Walter Gieseking
    CD: $12.99
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  • 7.
    Beyond Bach: Other Composers I Adore / Jacques  Loussier
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 35342 Release Date: 06/03/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Erik Satie,  George Frideric Handel,  Domenico Scarlatti  ... 
    Performer:  Jacques Loussier,  André Arpino,  Vincent Charbonnier,  Benoit Dunoyer DeSegonzac
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  • 8.
    Piano / Myung-whun Chung
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 002054102 Release Date: 05/19/2014  
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Myung-Whun Chung
    CD: $17.99
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  • 9.
    The Storyteller / Barbara Nissman
    Label: Three Oranges Recordings   Catalog: 5638267650 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Barbara Nissman
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  • 10.
    Best Of Classic
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 7016 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Jacques Offenbach,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Patrice Fontanarosa,  Günther Körner,  Thierry Amadi  ... 
    Conductor:  Denise Cloutier,  Frank Shipway,  Libor Pesek,  Arturo Leonard  ... 
    CD: $48.99
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  • 11.
    Devoted: Music of Robert & Clara Schumann / Sarah Hagen
    Label: Sarah Hagen   Catalog: 5638230329 Release Date: 12/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Clara Wieck Schumann
    Performer:  Sarah Hagen,  Martin Chalifour
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  • 12.
    Piano Dreams
    Label: Bella Musica   Catalog: 312449 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Yuko Yamashiro
    CD: $18.99
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  • 13.
    Steinway, The Beautiful
    Label: Fim (1st Impression)   Catalog: 87 Release Date: 11/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Yellow River Composers' C,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Todd Crow
    On sale! $43.98
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  • 14.
    The Expressive Voice Of The Flute
    Label: Divine Art   Catalog: 21222 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Howard Blake,  William Lloyd Webber  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Rhodes,  Kenneth Smith
    CD: $24.99
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  • 15.
    Label: Sounds True   Catalog: 3971 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Lisa Spector
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  • 16.
    Piano Rhapsody / Roland Pontinen
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 9044 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Roland Pöntinen
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $44.49
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  • 17.
    Label: Sonoma   Catalog: 745 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Schmalfuss,  Stefan Jeschko,  Josef Bulva,  Sylvia Cápová  ... 
    CD: $6.99
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  • 18.
    10 Classic Albums / Mischa Maisky [11-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001801402 Release Date: 03/05/2013   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Charles Gounod,  George Frideric Handel,  Jean-Baptiste Lully  ... 
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky,  Pavel Gililov,  Daria Hovora,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 19.
    Piano Madness / Denev
    Label: Gega New   Catalog: 11 Release Date: 02/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Lyubomir Denev,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Lyubomir Denev
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  • 20.
    The Sound of Pablo Casals
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 780032 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Max Bruch,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Pablo Casals,  Alfred Cortot,  Jacques Thibaud,  Otto Schulhof
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Landon Ronald,  Pablo Casals
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 21.
    Label: Somerset Entertainment   Catalog: 50408 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Frédéric Chopin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Davide Direnzo,  Bill Bridges,  Charles Cozens
    Conductor:  Constantine Hvatynetz
    CD: $18.99
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  • 22.
    Label: Avalon   Catalog: 58209 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Robert Schumann,  Claude Debussy,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander Rudin,  Takako Nishizaki
    Conductor:  Richard Edlinger,  Peter Breiner,  Leif Segerstam,  Ondrej Lenárd  ... 
    CD: $18.99
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  • 23.
    Label: Somerset Entertainment   Catalog: 51767 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  George Frideric Handel,  Erik Satie  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 24.
    Label: Avalon Records   Catalog: 52423 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georges Bizet,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    CD: $15.49
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  • 25.
    The Mood Of Fifty Shades Of Grey
    Label: Quicksilver   Catalog: 6016 Release Date: 12/04/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Edvard Grieg,  Claude Debussy,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Conductor:  Sheldon Cohen
    CD: $14.99
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