Robert Schumann

Biography

Born: Jun 8, 1810; Germany   Died: Jul 29, 1856; Germany   Period: Romantic
One of the great composers of the nineteenth century, Schumann was the quintessential artist whose life and work embody the idea of Romanticism in music. Schumann was uncomfortable with larger musical forms, such as the symphony and the concerto (nevertheless, representative works in these genres contain moments of great beauty), expressing the full range of his lyrical genius in songs and short pieces for piano. Schumann's extraordinary ability Read more to translate profound, delicate -- and sometimes fleeting -- states of the soul is exemplified by works such as the song cycle Dichterliebe (A Poet's Love), after Heinrich Heine, and his brilliant collections of short piano pieces, including Phantasiestücke (Fantastic Pieces), Kinderszenen (Scenes form Childhood), and Waldszenen (Forest Scenes). In his songs, as critics have remarked, Schumann attained the elusive union of music and poetry which Romantic poets and musicians defined as the ultimate goal of art.
Schumann's father was a bookseller who encouraged Robert's musical and literary talents. Robert started studying piano at age 10. In 1828, he enrolled at the University of Leipzig as a law student, although he found music, philosophy, and Leipzig's taverns more interesting than the law. He also began studies with a prominent Leipzig piano teacher, Friedrich Wieck. There was serious mental illness in Schumann's family, and the composer, who most likely suffered from a manic-depressive condition, approached madness with the typical Romantic combination of fear and fascination. A compulsive womanizer and a heavy drinker, Schumann led a life that aggravated his psychological problems. His efforts to become a concert pianist failed after he developed partial paralysis of his right hand. According to a conventional story, the injury resulted from Schumann's compulsive use of a finger-strengthening device, but newer research points to mercury poisoning due to treatment for syphilis. Schumann settled on a career as a composer and musical writer, co-founding the influential Neue Zeitschrift für Musik and attracting attention early with his prophetic praise of Chopin. Many of his articles take the form of dialogues featuring the "League of David," young artists fighting the "Philistines," and headed by his alter egos "Florestan" and "Eusebius," intended to represent the two contrasting facets -- one ebullient, the other reserved -- of his personality. Schumann's music, with its sharp changes in mood, also reflects his tumultuous inner life. Wieck's highly talented pianist daughter Clara grew up and fell in love with Schumann, to her father's horror. Despite Wieck's opposition, Clara and Robert gained the legal right to marry in 1840, a day before Clara's 21st birthday. During this period Schumann composed feverishly. Spellbound by a musical thought, he would work himself to exhaustion, enthusiastically cultivating a particular genre for a period of time. (For instance, 1841 was a "year of songs" in which he brought the Romantic song cycle to its apex). He virtually invented the short, poetic, descriptive Romantic piano work, and produced such works in glorious profusion in the late 1830s. Schumann tackled larger forms in the 1840s, partly at Clara's urging; his four mature symphonies retain a place in the repertoire, but his opera Genoveva failed. He held several musical jobs, teaching at the newly-founded Leipzig Conservatory, eventually becoming town music director in Düsseldorf, but without much success. On February 27, 1854, he threw himself into the freezing waters of the Rhine. After his rescue, he voluntarily entered an asylum. Although he had periods of lucidity, his condition deteriorated, and he died there in 1856, probably of tertiary syphilis. Read less
Schumann: Einsamkeit / Goerne, Hinterhauser
Release Date: 05/19/2017   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902243  
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Schumann, Handel, Haydn, Telemann: Concertos For Four Horns
Release Date: 12/13/2005   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8557747   Number of Discs: 1
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All Star Orchestra: Programs 5 & 6 - Schumann, Brahms, Danielpour, Jones / Gerard Schwarz
Release Date: 11/19/2013   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 2110350   Number of Discs: 1
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To The Distant Beloved - Beethoven, Liszt, Schumann / Lortie
Release Date: 02/22/2000   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9793   Number of Discs: 1
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Guiomar Novaes Plays Schumann
Release Date: 11/10/2009   Label: Musical Concepts  
Catalog: 127   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Kinderszenen, Op. 15

Browse 51-75 of 154 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Lang Lang - Complete Recordings On Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001697972 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Lang Lang,  Guo-Ren Lang,  Wu Yuxia,  Chen Shasha  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim,  Valery Gergiev,  Long Yu,  Christoph Eschenbach  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater Orchestra,  Central Philharmonic Orchestra of China  ... 
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  • 52.
    Best Of Schumann
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300343 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Norman Shetler,  Peter Schreier,  Kieter Rehm,  Klaus Pietzonka  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Konwitschny,  Siegfried Kurz,  Kurt Masur
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  • 53.
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10131 Release Date: 05/25/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Pablo Casals,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Dinu Lipatti,  Walter Gieseking  ... 
    Conductor:  Piero Coppola,  Leonard Bernstein,  Henry Adolph,  Josef Krips  ... 
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  • 54.
    Schumann: Davidsbundlertanze, Kinderszenen / Zhu Xiao-mei
    Label: Mirare   Catalog: 158 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Xiao-Mei Zhu
    CD: $16.99
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  • 55.
    Icon - Alexis Weissenberg: The Champagne Pianist
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 6790862 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Alexis Weissenberg
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Herbert von Karajan,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Paris Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
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  • 56.
    Best Of Schumann / Christian Zacharias, Hans Vonk, Kolner Rundfunk Sinfonie Orchester
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 7317152 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Christian Zacharias
    Conductor:  Hans Vonk
    CD: $7.99
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  • 57.
    Schumann: Piano Concerto Op. 54; Kinderszenen Op. 15; Papillon Op. 2; Etc.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 215 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
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  • 58.
    Schumann: Piano Works / Liebrecht Vanbeckevoort
    Label: Aliud   Catalog: 42 Release Date: 11/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Liebrecht Vanbeckevoort
    CD: $17.99
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  • 59.
    Christoph Eschenbach - The Early Recordings
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9189 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hans Werner Henze,  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Conductor:  Hans Werner Henze,  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Schumann: Geistervariationen 	 / Andras Schiff
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 001611502 Release Date: 10/18/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  András Schiff
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  • 61.
    Evening Conversations
    Label: Yarlung Records   Catalog: 95992 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Tan Dun,  Robert Schumann,  Domenico Scarlatti  ... 
    Performer:  David Fung
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  • 62.
    Schumann: Kinderszenen / Jacques Loussier Trio
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 32270 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Benoît Dunoyer de Segonzac,  Jacques Loussier,  André Arpino
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Jacques Loussier Trio
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  • 63.
    Schumann: Lieder, Violin Sonata No 2, Kinderszenen / Dillon, Torquati
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94060 Release Date: 08/30/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Emanuele Torquati,  Francesco Dillon
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  • 64.
    Martha Argerich Edition: Solos & Duos
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 94044 Release Date: 06/07/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Alexandre Rabinovitch,  Eduardo Hubert
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  • 65.
    The Sound of Martha Argerich
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 94618 Release Date: 06/07/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin,  Béla Bartók,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Sergei Nakariakov,  Christina Marton,  Alexander Mogilewsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Alexandre Rabinovitch,  Charles Dutoit,  Alexander Vedernikov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Schumann - His Imaginary World / Milana Chernyavska
    Label: Divox   Catalog: 25256-2 Release Date: 02/22/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Milana Chernyavska
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  • 67.
    Schumann: Piano Works & Chamber Music Vol 11 / Eric Le Sage
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 169 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Eric Le Sage
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  • 68.
    The Romantic Fortepiano / Richard Burnett
    Label: Amon Ra   Catalog: 7 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Carl Czerny  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Burnett
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  • 69.
    The Romantic Piano - Historic Pianos / Richard Burnett
    Label: Amon Ra   Catalog: 67 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Field,  Frédéric Chopin,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Burnett
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  • 70.
    Clara Haskil Edition [17 CDs]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001492402 Release Date: 11/30/2010   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Manuel de Falla,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Clara Haskil,  Arthur Grumiaux
    Conductor:  Paul Sacher,  Bernhard Paumgartner,  Igor Markevitch,  Ferenc Fricsay  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $78.99
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  • 71.
    Horowitz - The Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001491202 Release Date: 11/16/2010   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Schumann: Davidsbundlertanze, Kinderszenen, Sonata No 2 / Angela Hewitt
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67780 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Angela Hewitt
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  • 73.
    Alberto Reyes Plays Schumann
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1273 Release Date: 10/19/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Alberto Reyes
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  • 74.
    Schumann: Piano Works / Wilhelm Kempff [5-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001477202 Release Date: 10/19/2010   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Florence Delaage Joue Sur Le Piano D'alfred Cortot
    Label: Indesens   Catalog: 20 Release Date: 10/12/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Florence Delaage
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