Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Piano Sonatas in A Major & A Minor,
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Dux Records  
Catalog: 930   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 8; Brahms: Symphony No 3 / Davis
Release Date: 04/26/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 8043   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68034   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven:
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Idi  
Catalog: 6678   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert / Bertrand Chamayou
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Erato  
Catalog: 2564637078   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Der Musensohn, D 764/Op. 92 no 1

Browse 76-100 of 130 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Peter Schreier - Legendary Recordings
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 2852 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Heinrich Schütz,  Peter Cornelius,  Rudolf Mauersberger  ... 
    Performer:  Hans Otto,  Peter Schreier,  Anton Spieler,  Karl-Dietfried Adam  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Mauersberger,  Otmar Suitner,  Bernhard Klee,  Siegfried Kurz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra members,  Dresden Kreuz Choir,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 77.
    Jessye Norman Collection - Live At Hohenems & Salzburg
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000550902 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Siegfried Ochs,  George Frideric Handel,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Geoffrey Parsons,  James Levine
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  • 78.
    Jessye Norman Collection - Schubert & Mahler Lieder
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000551002 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Phillip Moll,  Irwin Gage
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  • 79.
    Schubert: The Complete Songs
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 44201/40 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ludwig Berger  ... 
    Performer:  Graham Johnson,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Christine Schäfer,  Michael George  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Layton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Holst Singers,  London Schubert Chorale,  New Company Singers
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  • 80.
    Original Masters - The Art Of Fritz Wunderlich
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000480702 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Hübsch,,  Traditional,  Osman Perez Freire  ... 
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hermann Prey,  Hubert Giesen,  Ingeborg Hallstein  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Carste,  Kurt Eichhorn,  Robert Stolz,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graunke Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Die Spilar-Schrammeln (salon orchestra)  ... 
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  • 81.
    Schubert: 25 Lieder / Bostridge, Drake
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 76852 Release Date: 08/02/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Julius Drake,  Ian Bostridge
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  • 82.
    Schubert: Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Fischer
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 86829 Release Date: 06/07/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edwin Fischer
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  • 83.
    Fischer-Dieskau - Salzburger Liederabende 1956-1965
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 339050 Release Date: 05/06/2005   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore,  Erik Werba,  Irmgard Seefried
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  • 84.
    Gemini - Schubert: Lieder / Baker, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 86251 Release Date: 02/15/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 85.
    Schubert: Lieder / Ludwig, Moore, Parsons, Peyer
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62897 Release Date: 09/07/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Geoffrey Parsons,  Christa Ludwig,  Gervase de Peyer,  Gerald Moore
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  • 86.
    Voices Of Our Time - Ian Bostridge
    Label: Tdk   Catalog: VTIB Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Roger Vignoles
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  • 87.
    Schubert: 24 Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Fischer, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62773 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 88.
    Deutsche Schubert-Lied-Edition 16 - Goethe Lieder Vol 3
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554667 Release Date: 03/16/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Burkhard Kehring,  Johannes Kalpers
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  • 89.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gerard Souzay
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1313 Release Date: 11/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Jacqueline Bonneau,  Dalton Baldwin
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  • 90.
    The Artistry Of Elly Ameling
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000121702 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Antonio Carlos Jobim,  George Frideric Handel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  John Clayton,  Louis van Dijk,  Elly Ameling,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard,  Vittorio Negri,  Edo De Waart,  Antal Doráti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Berlin Chamber Orchestra,  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 91.
    The Very Best Of Christa Ludwig
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85099 Release Date: 09/02/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Gerald Moore,  Teresa Stich-Randall  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Rudolf Kempe,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Tullio Serafin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus  ... 
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  • 92.
    The Very Best Of Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85105 Release Date: 09/02/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  Rudolf Sieczynski  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Otto Ackermann,  Lovro von Matacic,  George Szell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Kathleen Ferrier - A Tribute
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 475078 Release Date: 07/07/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Charles Villiers Stanford,  Gustav Mahler,  Franz Schubert,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Kathleen Ferrier,  Frederick Stone,  Bruno Walter,  David McCallum  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Boyd Neel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  National Symphony, Washington, D. C.  ... 
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  • 94.
    Once Were Angels - The Tradition Of Boy Trebles
    Label: Griffin   Catalog: 4040 Release Date: 05/27/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Orlando Gibbons,  Henry Purcell  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Dutton,  Robin Blaze,  Peter Davey,  James Davis  ... 
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  • 95.
    Schubert: Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474173 Release Date: 02/03/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 96.
    Schubert: Die schöne Müllerin, etc / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453676 Release Date: 11/06/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 97.
    Schubert: Lieder / Arleen Auger, Lambert Orkis
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 61457 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Lambert Orkis,  Arleen Augér
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  • 98.
    Schubert: Lieder Von Abschied Und Reise
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 61912 Release Date: 09/10/2002  
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Prégardien,  Michael Gees
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  • 99.
    World Of Kathleen Ferrier V.1
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430096 Release Date: 12/21/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Kathleen Ferrier,  Phyllis Spurr
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  • 100.
    Schubert: Lieder / Sarah Walker, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Crd Records   Catalog: 3464 Release Date: 06/26/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Roger Vignoles,  Sarah Walker
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