Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Sonatas Nos. 17, 20, 21, Impromptus & Marche / Schnabel
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Musical Concepts  
Catalog: 3202   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert: Lieder / Appl, Johnson
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 82   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Alfonso und Estrella / Suitner, Fischer-Dieskau
Release Date: 08/23/1994   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 2156   Number of Discs: 3
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Schubert: Alfonso Und Estrella / Korsten, Mei, Werba
Release Date: 11/30/2004   Label: Dynamic  
Catalog: 451/1-2   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert: Alfonso Und Estrella / Korsten, Mei, Trost
Release Date: 11/30/2004   Label: Dynamic  
Catalog: 33451   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Der Musensohn, D 764/Op. 92 no 1

Browse 76-100 of 102 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Schubert: The Complete Songs
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 44201/40 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ludwig Berger  ... 
    Performer:  Graham Johnson,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Christine Schäfer,  Michael George  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Layton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Holst Singers,  London Schubert Chorale,  New Company Singers
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  • 77.
    Original Masters - The Art Of Fritz Wunderlich
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000480702 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Hübsch,,  Traditional,  Osman Perez Freire  ... 
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hermann Prey,  Hubert Giesen,  Ingeborg Hallstein  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Carste,  Kurt Eichhorn,  Robert Stolz,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graunke Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Die Spilar-Schrammeln (salon orchestra)  ... 
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  • 78.
    Fischer-Dieskau - Salzburger Liederabende 1956-1965
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 339050 Release Date: 05/06/2005   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore,  Erik Werba,  Irmgard Seefried
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  • 79.
    Gemini - Schubert: Lieder / Baker, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 86251 Release Date: 02/15/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 80.
    Schubert: 24 Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Fischer, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62773 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 81.
    Deutsche Schubert-Lied-Edition 16 - Goethe Lieder Vol 3
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554667 Release Date: 03/16/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Burkhard Kehring,  Johannes Kalpers
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  • 82.
    Once Were Angels - The Tradition Of Boy Trebles
    Label: Griffin   Catalog: 4040 Release Date: 05/27/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Orlando Gibbons,  Henry Purcell  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Dutton,  Robin Blaze,  Peter Davey,  James Davis  ... 
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  • 83.
    Schubert: Die schöne Müllerin, etc / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453676 Release Date: 11/06/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 84.
    Schubert: Lieder / Sarah Walker, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Crd Records   Catalog: 3464 Release Date: 06/26/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Roger Vignoles,  Sarah Walker
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  • 85.
    Schubert: Ausgewählte Lieder / Fischer-dieskau, Demus
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 529001 Release Date: 10/17/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jörg Demus,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 86.
    Heinrich Schlusnus - The Rare Swiss Recordings
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90401 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Toubert,  S.H. Eyssen,  Hugo Wolf,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Sebastian Peschko,  Heinrich Schlusnus
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  • 87.
    Schubert: Goethe-Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Demus, Moore
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457747 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jörg Demus
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  • 88.
    Schubert: Lieder Vol 1 / Ian Bostridge, Julius Drake
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56347 Release Date: 07/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Julius Drake
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  • 89.
    Ein Liederabend / Anton Dermota
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 93256 Release Date: 07/04/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hugo Wolf,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Hilda Dermota,  Anton Dermota
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  • 90.
    Schubert: Goethe Lieder / Goerne, Haefliger
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 452917 Release Date: 08/12/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Andreas Haefliger,  Matthias Goerne
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  • 91.
    Schumann: Dichterliebe; Etc / Wunderlich, Giesen
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 449747 Release Date: 08/12/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Hubert Giesen,  Fritz Wunderlich
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  • 92.
    Schubert: Lieder / Monica Groop, Rudolf Jansen
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 886 Release Date: 11/19/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Rudolf Jansen,  Monica Groop
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  • 93.
    Celestial Clockwork
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 62722 Release Date: 07/16/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Alma Rosa,  Robert Schumann,  Michel Musseau  ... 
    Performer:  Francisco Araiza,  Domenico Trimarchi,  Lucia Valentini-Terrani,  Frédéric Chaslin  ... 
    Conductor:  Gabriele Ferro
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cappella Coloniensis,  Cologne West German Radio Chorus
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  • 94.
    Fritz Wunderlich - Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann / Giesen
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 432961 Release Date: 07/09/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Hubert Giesen,  Fritz Wunderlich
    CD: $19.99
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  • 95.
    Schubert: Lieder / Russell, Hill
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553113 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Hill,  Lynda Russell,  David Campbell
    CD: $9.99
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  • 96.
    Goethe-Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Karl Engel
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 389951 Release Date: 08/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Duchess of Saxe-Weimar Anna Amalia,  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Karl Engel
    CD: $19.99
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  • 97.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Gerhard Hüsch
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89017 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Hanns Udo Müller,  Gerhard Hüsch,  Gerald Moore
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 98.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Heinrich Rehkemper
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89058 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Heinrich Rehkemper,  Manfred Gurlitt,  Waldemar Liachowsky
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  • 99.
    Heinrich Schlusnus - Liederalbum Vol I
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89205 Release Date: 03/18/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Hans Hermann,  Hugo Wolf,  Julius Hermann Wetzel,  Felix Weingartner  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Rupp,  Heinrich Schlusnus
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  • 100.
    Kathleen Ferrier Edition Vol 4 - Schumann, Brahms, Schubert
    Label: London/Decca Historic Series   Catalog: 433471 Release Date: 04/01/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Franz Xaver Gruber  ... 
    Performer:  Phyllis Spurr,  Kathleen Ferrier,  Benjamin Britten
    ArkivCD $16.99
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