Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Symphonies No 3-5 /  Thomas Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1786   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Piano Sonatas in A Major & A Minor,
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Dux Records  
Catalog: 930   Number of Discs: 1
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Mozart: Divertimento K 563; Schubert: String Trio / Trio Zimmermann
Release Date: 12/21/2010   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1817   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Overtures /  Manfred Huss, Haydn Sinfonietta Wien
Release Date: 05/15/2012   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1862   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 6 / Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 07/30/2013   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1987   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Der Musensohn, D 764/Op. 92 no 1

Browse 101-125 of 129 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Schubert: 12 Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Fischer
    Label: Emi Classics Références   Catalog: 5674942 Release Date: 01/09/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
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  • 102.
    Schubert: Ausgewählte Lieder / Fischer-dieskau, Demus
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 529001 Release Date: 10/17/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jörg Demus,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 103.
    Heinrich Schlusnus - The Rare Swiss Recordings
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90401 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Toubert,  S.H. Eyssen,  Hugo Wolf,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Sebastian Peschko,  Heinrich Schlusnus
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  • 104.
    Schubert: Goethe-Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Demus, Moore
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457747 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jörg Demus
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  • 105.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Unpublished Emi Recordings 1946-52
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 2172 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert,  Thomas Morley,  Thomas Augustine Arne  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Karl Hudez,  Jean Pougnet  ... 
    Conductor:  Issay Dobrowen,  Warwick Braithwaite,  Josef Krips,  Walter Susskind
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Schubert: Lieder Vol 1 / Ian Bostridge, Julius Drake
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56347 Release Date: 07/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Julius Drake
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  • 107.
    Ein Liederabend / Anton Dermota
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 93256 Release Date: 07/04/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hugo Wolf,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Hilda Dermota,  Anton Dermota
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  • 108.
    Schubert: Goethe Lieder / Goerne, Haefliger
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 452917 Release Date: 08/12/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Andreas Haefliger,  Matthias Goerne
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  • 109.
    Schumann: Dichterliebe; Etc / Wunderlich, Giesen
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 449747 Release Date: 08/12/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Hubert Giesen,  Fritz Wunderlich
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  • 110.
    Schnabel Plays Schubert Vol 2
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 9272 Release Date: 06/17/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Artur Schnabel,  Therese Behr-Schnabel,  Karl Ulrich Schnabel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pro Arte String Quartet
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  • 111.
    Schubert: Lieder / Monica Groop, Rudolf Jansen
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 886 Release Date: 11/19/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Rudolf Jansen,  Monica Groop
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  • 112.
    Schubert: Lieder / Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 69389 Release Date: 09/10/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 113.
    Schubert: Schwanengesang, Etc / Ralph Kohn, Graham Johnson
    Label: Priory Records   Catalog: 571 Release Date: 09/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Graham Johnson,  Ralph Kohn
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  • 114.
    Celestial Clockwork
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 62722 Release Date: 07/16/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Alma Rosa,  Robert Schumann,  Michel Musseau  ... 
    Performer:  Francisco Araiza,  Domenico Trimarchi,  Lucia Valentini-Terrani,  Frédéric Chaslin  ... 
    Conductor:  Gabriele Ferro
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cappella Coloniensis,  Cologne West German Radio Chorus
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  • 115.
    Fritz Wunderlich - Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann / Giesen
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 432961 Release Date: 07/09/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Hubert Giesen,  Fritz Wunderlich
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  • 116.
    Schubert: Lieder / Russell, Hill
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553113 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Hill,  Lynda Russell,  David Campbell
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  • 117.
    Goethe-Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Karl Engel
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 389951 Release Date: 08/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Duchess of Saxe-Weimar Anna Amalia,  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Karl Engel
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  • 118.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Gerhard Hüsch
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89017 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Hanns Udo Müller,  Gerhard Hüsch,  Gerald Moore
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  • 119.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Heinrich Rehkemper
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89058 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Heinrich Rehkemper,  Manfred Gurlitt,  Waldemar Liachowsky
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  • 120.
    Schubert, Wolf: Lieder / Hammond-stroud, Kirkwood
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1064 Release Date: 10/24/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gordon Kirkwood,  Derek Hammond-Stroud
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  • 121.
    An Die Musik - Favorite Schubert Songs / Bryn Terfel
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 445294 Release Date: 09/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Bryn Terfel,  Malcolm Martineau
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  • 122.
    Heinrich Schlusnus - Liederalbum Vol I
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89205 Release Date: 03/18/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Hans Hermann,  Hugo Wolf,  Julius Hermann Wetzel,  Felix Weingartner  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Rupp,  Heinrich Schlusnus
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  • 123.
    Schubert: Lieder Vol 2 / Fischer-dieskau, Moore
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437225 Release Date: 03/16/1993   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 124.
    Fritz Wunderlich
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435145 Release Date: 04/14/1992   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Robert Stolz,  Ludwig Schmidseder,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hubert Giesen,  Erika Köth  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Eichhorn,  Robert Stolz,  Franz Josef Breuer,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra  ... 
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  • 125.
    Kathleen Ferrier Edition Vol 4 - Schumann, Brahms, Schubert
    Label: London/Decca Historic Series   Catalog: 433471 Release Date: 04/01/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Franz Xaver Gruber  ... 
    Performer:  Phyllis Spurr,  Kathleen Ferrier,  Benjamin Britten
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