Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Emma Johnson & Friends: Schubert, Crusell
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: Somm  
Catalog: 156   Number of Discs: 1
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Songs By Schubert, Beethoven, Britten & Hahn / Polenzani, Drake
Release Date: 10/24/2011   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 48   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Death and the Maiden - Shostakovich: Chamber Symphony / LSO String Ensemble
Release Date: 03/11/2016   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 786   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Arpeggione Sonata & String Quintet / Haimovitz, Golan, Miro Quartet
Release Date: 06/10/2016   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186549   Number of Discs: 1
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Mendelssohn, Mozart, Schubert: String Quartets / Elias String Quartet
Release Date: 07/28/2009   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 28   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Der Musensohn, D 764/Op. 92 no 1

Browse 1-25 of 96 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Schumann: Dichterliebe - Beethoven & Schubert: Lieder / Wunderlich, Giesen [Vinyl]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B002462501 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hubert Giesen
    LP: $24.99
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  • 2.
    Nacht und Traume / Gijsbertsen, Beenhouwer
    Label: Phaedra   Catalog: 292032 Release Date: 02/05/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Gijsbertsen,  Jozef de Beenhouwer
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  • 3.
    111: The Collector's Editions [111 CDs]
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002422702 Release Date: 12/11/2015   Number of Discs: 111
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Maurice Ravel,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Lorin Maazel,  Franz Konwitschny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Amadeus Quartet,  Orchestre de Paris  ... 
    CD: $325.49
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  • 4.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf: The Complete Recitals 1952-74
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 553028 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 31
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Anny Felbermayer,  Josef Metternich  ... 
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Otto Ackermann,  Lovro von Matacic,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Philharmonia Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $86.98
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  • 5.
    Radu Lupu: Complete Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002402202 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 28
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Radu Lupu,  Vincent Zarzo,  Han de Vries,  George Pieterson  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Lawrence Foster,  Uri Segal,  Edo De Waart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $78.99
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  • 6.
    The History of Classical Music in 24 Hours
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002403602 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Pérotin,  Guillaume de Machaut,  John Dunstable  ... 
    Performer:  Konrad Ragossnig,  Charles [Tenor Vocals] Daniels,  Susan Gritton,  Trevor Pinnock  ... 
    Conductor:  Pater Godehard Joppich,  David Munrow,  Josef Ulsamer,  Bruno Turner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Early Music Consort of London,  Ulsamer-Collegium,  Hamburger Bläserkreis für Alte Musik  ... 
    CD: $75.49
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  • 7.
    Franz Schubert: Die Schone Mullerin
    Label: Relief Classical   Catalog: 3006 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Rudolf Schock,  Adolf Stauch
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  • 8.
    Ian Bostridge: Autograph
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552551 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Hugo Wolf,  Claudio Monteverdi  ... 
    Performer:  Ian [Tenor Vocals] Bostridge,  Julius Drake,  Antonio Pappano,  Patrizia Ciofi  ... 
    Conductor:  Emmanuelle Haïm,  Harry Bicket,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  William Christie  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Sacqueboutiers,  Le Concert D'Astrée,  Les Arts Florissants  ... 
    CD: $28.99
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  • 9.
    Elly Ameling Sings Schubert
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95107 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elly Ameling,  Rudolf Jansen
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  • 10.
    Schubert Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94870 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 69
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Suzanne Lautenbacher,  György Pauk,  Peter Frankl,  Walter Hautzig  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Jörg Faerber,  Andreas Weiser,  Romano Gandolfi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra,  Bell'Arte Trio  ... 
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  • 11.
    Most Wanted Recitals - Lieder Von Schubert / Heinrich Schlusnus
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002178602 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Hugo Wolf,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Sebastian Peschko
    Conductor:  Rudolf Moralt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 12.
    Songs Without Words - From Bach To Bachianas / Eliot Fisk, Yehuda Hanani
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 1510 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  César Cui,  Gabriel Fauré,  Ernesto Lecuona  ... 
    Performer:  Yehuda Hanani,  Eliot Fisk
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  • 13.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau: 3 Classic Albums [Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002093302 Release Date: 07/15/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    CD: $21.99
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  • 14.
    Egon Wellesz: Die Bakchantinnen
    Label: Myto Records   Catalog: 331 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Egon Wellesz,  Richard Wagner,  Franz Schubert,  Carl Loewe  ... 
    Performer:  Paul [Baritone Vocal] Schoeffler
    Conductor:  Miltiades Caridis
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  • 15.
    Schubert: Wanderer's Nachtlied / Matthias Goerne
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902109 Release Date: 03/11/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Matthias Goerne,  Helmut Deutsch,  Eric Schneider
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  • 16.
    Schubert: Lieder Und Balladen
    Label: Ars Produktion   Catalog: 38524 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Bernhard Renzikowski,  Clemens Morgenthaler
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  • 17.
    BBC Legends - Great Recordings from the Archive
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5113 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Robert Schumann,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Beryl Hatt,  Agnes Giebel,  Joyce Barker,  Kerstin Meyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein,  Yevgeny Mravinsky,  Arturo Toscanini,  Kiril Kondrashin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Orpington Junior Singers,  Goldsmiths' Choral Union  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 18.
    Britten The Performer - Complete Decca Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001922102 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 27
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Henry Purcell,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Adrian Thompson,  John Tobin,  Jenny Hill,  Robert Tear  ... 
    Conductor:  Benjamin Britten
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Wandsworth School Boys' Choir,  Wandsworth School Choir  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 19.
    Schubert Lieder
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1401 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Karl Hudez,  Gerald Moore
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Herbert von Karajan
    CD: $9.99
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  • 20.
    Sings Lieder
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1268 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
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  • 21.
    What Is Life
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1057 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Kathleen Ferrier
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  • 22.
    Schumann, Schubert, Brahms: Lieder / Janet Baker, Martin Isepp
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1225 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Martin Isepp
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  • 23.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - Voice Of The Century [23 CDs & 2 DVDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001792900 Release Date: 01/15/2013   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Daniel Barenboim,  Jörg Demus,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Karl Böhm,  Lorin Maazel,  Karl Richter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $108.49
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  • 24.
    An Die Musik - Schubert: Songs / Klaus Mertens, Tini Mathot
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72559 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Klaus Mertens,  Tini Mathot
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  • 25.
    The Art of Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001717702 Release Date: 08/21/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Hermann Töttcher,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Ristenpart,  Ferenc Fricsay,  Otto Gerdes,  Eugen Jochum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Karl Ristenpart Chamber Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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