Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Alfonso und Estrella / Schreier, Mathis, Prey, Suitner
Release Date: 11/19/2013   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94689   Number of Discs: 3
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Beethoven, Schubert & Chopin / Menahem Pressler
Release Date: 11/19/2013   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1999   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Overtures /  Manfred Huss, Haydn Sinfonietta Wien
Release Date: 05/15/2012   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1862   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68034   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphonies No 3-5 /  Thomas Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1786   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Moment musical no 3 in F minor

Browse 76-100 of 117 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Piano Greatest Hits
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000278002 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Gershwin,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  András Schiff,  Wilhelm Kempff,  Werner Haas,  Jean-Yves Thibaudet  ... 
    Conductor:  András Schiff,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Uri Segal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Cleveland Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Original Masters - Leopold Stokowski
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000150902 Release Date: 11/25/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Olivier Messiaen,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Alan Civil,  David Gray,  Howard Snell
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus  ... 
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  • 78.
    Godowsky: Piano Music Vol 6 - Schubert Transcriptions / Scherbakov
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 8225187 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leopold Godowsky,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Konstantin Scherbakov
    CD: $17.99
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  • 79.
    Horowitz - The Complete Recordings On Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000120102 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Daniel Barenboim Live From The Teatro Colón - 2000
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 57416 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alberto Ginastera,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  José Resta,  Domenico Scarlatti  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
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  • 81.
    Schubert For Two / Gil Shaham, Göran Söllscher
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471568 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Göran Söllscher,  Gil Shaham
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  • 82.
    Perspectives / Mitsuko Uchida
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 473686 Release Date: 01/14/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Arnold Schoenberg  ... 
    Performer:  Mitsuko Uchida
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 83.
    The #1 Piano Album
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 472589 Release Date: 11/12/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  George Gershwin,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Performer:  Olli Mustonen,  Werner Haas,  Martha Argerich,  Zoltán Kocsis  ... 
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  • 84.
    For Your Life - For Your Dreams
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 472477 Release Date: 09/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Robert Schumann,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Jean-Baptiste Lully  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Yves Thibaudet,  Mischa Maisky,  Pavel Gililov,  Maria Graf  ... 
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Richard Bonynge,  Leopold Stokowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 85.
    50 Classical Performances - Romantic Piano
    Label: Bci Music   Catalog: 40184 Release Date: 04/23/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Jurgis Karnavichius,  Andrei Ivanovitch,  Sergei Oskolkov,  Elyso Bolkvadze  ... 
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  • 86.
    Label: Spj Music   Catalog: 90603 Release Date: 02/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Rubinstein,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy  ... 
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  • 87.
    Eloquence - Träumerei - Romantic Piano Music / Schiff, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467439 Release Date: 05/08/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Rubinstein,  Erik Satie,  Claude Debussy,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  András Schiff,  Pascal Rogé,  Radu Lupu,  Alicia De Larrocha  ... 
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  • 88.
    Label: Bci Music   Catalog: 40027 Release Date: 05/08/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Christiane Jaccottet,  Dubravka Tomsic,  Sylvia Cápová,  Dieter Goldmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Anton Nanut,  Alberto Lizzio
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ljubljana Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Caspar da Salo Quintet,  Mozart Festival Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Claudio Arrau - The Early Years - Complete Pre-War Recordings
    Label: Marston   Catalog: 52023-2 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Liszt,  Ferruccio Busoni  ... 
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    CD: $36.99
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  • 90.
    Schubert's Greatest
    Label: Platinum Disc   Catalog: 1049 Release Date: 01/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Schubert: Piano Works
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553250 Release Date: 01/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó
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  • 92.
    Stephen Hough's New Piano Album - Chaminade, Godowsky, Et Al
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67043 Release Date: 11/16/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Stephen Hough,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Ignace Jan Paderewski  ... 
    Performer:  Stephen Hough
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  • 93.
    Piano Favorites - Rachmaninov, Debussy, Et Al / Revenaugh
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73300 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Iosif Ivanovici,  Ernesto Lecuona,  Cécile Louise Chaminade,  Christian Sinding  ... 
    Performer:  Daniell Revenaugh
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  • 94.
    Schubert/Godowsky: Twelve Songs, Etc / Ian Hobson
    Label: Zephyr   Catalog: 11298 Release Date: 12/15/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leopold Godowsky,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Hobson
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  • 95.
    The Complete Josef Hofmann Vol 6 - Casimir Hall Recital
    Label: Marston   Catalog: 52014 Release Date: 11/24/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Josef Hofmann,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Sigismund Stojowski  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Hofmann
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    CD: $36.99
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  • 96.
    William Kapell Edition
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 68442 Release Date: 09/29/1998   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  William Kapell,  Jascha Heifetz,  William Primrose,  Edmund Kurtz
    Conductor:  William Steinberg,  Fritz Reiner,  Serge Koussevitzky,  Antal Doráti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Robin Hood Dell Orchestra of Philadelphia,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Dallas Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 97.
    Toccata - Organ Favourites / Carlo Curley
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458364 Release Date: 09/04/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Gustav Holst,  Léon Boëllmann,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Carlo Curley
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  • 98.
    Für Elise- Romantic Piano Music
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 415231 Release Date: 08/30/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff,  Emil Gilels,  Jörg Demus
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  • 99.
    Cellissimo / Mischa Maisky, Daria Hovora
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459136 Release Date: 07/28/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ernest Bloch,  Claude Debussy,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky,  Daria Hovora
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  • 100.
    Schubert: Sonata In Bb, Moments Musicaux, Waltzes / Hautzig
    Label: Connoisseur Society   Catalog: 4209 Release Date: 08/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Walter Hautzig
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