Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 379563   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: The Symphonies, Rosamunde Excerpts / Barenboim, Berlin Philharmonic
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 7686162   Number of Discs: 5
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Schubert: Piano Sonatas / Daniel Barenboim
Release Date: 09/16/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002132402   Number of Discs: 5
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Schubert: Symphonies No 3-5 /  Thomas Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1786   Number of Discs: 1
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Richter Plays Schubert Live [4-CD Set]
Release Date: 05/27/2014   Label: Melodiya  
Catalog: 2231   Number of Discs: 4
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Work: Moment musical no 3 in F minor

Browse 51-75 of 113 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    My Piano Lesson
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 184392 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Norman Shetler,  Dieter Zechlin,  Peter Rösel,  Cécile Ousset  ... 
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  • 52.
    Horowitz In Hamburg: The Last Concert
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 1362996 Release Date: 06/10/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 53.
    Classical Essentials - Cello Essentials - Bach, Bartok, De Falla, Debussy, Etc / Starker, Iwasaki, Neriki
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17686 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Manuel de Falla,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Shuku Iwasaki,  János Starker,  Shigeo Neriki
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  • 54.
    Highlights Franz Schubert: Ave Maria; Forellenquintett; Impromptu; Sinfonie Nr. 8
    Label: Delta Ent.   Catalog: 772803 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
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  • 55.
    Stokowski Encores
    Label: London/Decca Weekend Classics   Catalog: 433876 Release Date: 02/06/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Igor Stravinsky,  Claude Debussy,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 56.
    Shura Cherkassy - Chopin, Schubert
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 433653 Release Date: 08/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin,  Alexander Scriabin,  Anton Rubinstein  ... 
    Performer:  Shura Cherkassky
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  • 57.
    The Complete Leopold Godowsky Vol. 3
    Label: Marston   Catalog: 53008 Release Date: 02/12/2007   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Leopold Godowsky,  Franz Schubert,  Isaac Albeniz,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Emil Gilels,  Shura Cherkassky,  Leff Pouishnoff,  Wilhelm Backhaus  ... 
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  • 58.
    Nancy Garniez Plays Schubert & Dvorak
    Label: Tonal Refraction   Catalog: 5637414626 Release Date: 12/19/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Schubert
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  • 59.
    Ultimate Piano Classics - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000766402 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Rhondda Gillespie,  Julius Katchen,  András Schiff  ... 
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  • 60.
    Weekend Classics - A Schubert Weekend
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000769402 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Alois Posch,  James Levine,  Wolfram Christ,  Gerhart Hetzel  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Ion Marin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Godowsky Edition Vol 5 - Transcriptions, Etc / Carlo Grante
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1189 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Leopold Godowsky,  Benjamin Godard,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Carlo Grante
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  • 62.
    Schubert: Piano Sonatas 9, 11, Moments Musicaux
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1115 Release Date: 10/11/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
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  • 63.
    Best Piano Classics 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 70886 Release Date: 08/29/2006   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Aldo Ciccolini,  John Ogdon,  Stanislav Bunin,  Moura Lympany  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Simon Rattle,  Riccardo Muti,  George Szell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Borodin String Quartet members,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 64.
    Steinway Legends - Vladimir Horowitz
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000707402 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Alexander Scriabin,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 65.
    Nun Klingen Die Wieder - Bach, Et Al / Bilson, Et Al
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 25027 Release Date: 07/18/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Franz Schubert,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Johann Sonnleitner,  Elisabeth von Magnus,  Malcolm Bilson
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  • 66.
    Godowsky: Piano Music / Rian De Waal
    Label: Helios   Catalog: 55206 Release Date: 07/11/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Leopold Godowsky,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Rian De Waal
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  • 67.
    Andante Cantabile - Cello Encores / Lynn Harrell, Bruno Canino
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4767487 Release Date: 05/23/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Rentauro Taki,  Alfredo Catalani,  Frédéric Chopin,  Paul Hillemacher  ... 
    Performer:  Lynn Harrell,  Bruno Canino
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  • 68.
    Kaleidoscope - Piano Encores / Shura Cherkassky
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4768537 Release Date: 05/23/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Alexander Scriabin,  Moritz Moszkowski  ... 
    Performer:  Shura Cherkassky
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  • 69.
    Liebestraum / Misha Goldstein
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 99382 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Claude Debussy,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Misha Goldstein
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  • 70.
    Weekend Classics - A Piano Weekend
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000608202 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy,  Edvard Grieg,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Jean-Marc Luisada,  Anatol Ugorski,  Andrei Gavrilov  ... 
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  • 71.
    Knowing The Score / Malcolm Bilson
    Label: Cd Baby (Dvd)   Catalog: 5637224950 Release Date: 09/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Performer:  Malcolm Bilson
    DVD: $78.99
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  • 72.
    50 Most Loved Piano Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 34410 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Maurice Ravel,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert  ... 
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  • 73.
    Cello Encores / Miklós Perényi, Zoltán Kocsis
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 12574 Release Date: 07/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Niccolň Paganini,  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn,  David Popper  ... 
    Performer:  Miklós Perényi,  Zoltán Kocsis
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  • 74.
    Essential Piano - The Ultimate Piano Collection
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000397202 Release Date: 02/14/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  András Schiff,  Zoltán Kocsis,  Radu Lupu  ... 
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart,  Sir Colin Davis,  Lorin Maazel,  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 75.
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32284 Release Date: 10/26/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Serge Koussevitzky,  Frantisek Cerny,  Gustav Laska,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Naoaki Fukui,  Zsolt Tibay
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