Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert Edition
Release Date: 10/28/2014   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94870   Number of Discs: 69
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Schubert: Winterreise / Goerne, Eschenbach
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902107   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 379563   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Octet / The Gaudier Ensemble
Release Date: 11/12/2013   Label: Helios  
Catalog: 55460   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68034   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Moment musical no 3 in F minor

Browse 1-25 of 106 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Phase 4 Stereo - Stereo Concert Series
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002188302 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 41
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Charles A. Zimmerman,  Francis S. Van Boskerck,  George Norton  ... 
    Performer:  Stanley Black,  David Parkhouse,  Alan Loveday,  Robert Merrill  ... 
    Conductor:  Rodney Bashford,  Stanley Black,  Bernard Herrmann,  Edward Downes  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grenadier Guards Band,  London Festival Orchestra,  London Festival Recording Ensemble  ... 
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  • 2.
    Richter Plays Schubert Live [4-CD Set]
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 2231 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
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  • 3.
    William Kapell - Complete Recordings 1944-1953
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 5431362 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  William Kapell,  Jascha Heifetz,  William Primrose,  Edmund Kurtz
    Conductor:  William Steinberg,  Fritz Reiner,  Serge Koussevitzky,  Antal Doráti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Robin Hood Dell Orchestra of Philadelphia,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Dallas Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 4.
    Gil Shaham - Three Classic Albums
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999902 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Niccolň Paganini,  Franz Schubert,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Göran Söllscher,  Gil Shaham,  Orli Shaham
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  • 5.
    Vladimir Horowitz - Three Classic Albums
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999602 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Franz Liszt,  Alexander Scriabin  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 6.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 1, Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 3 / Shure, Bernstein, New York Philharmonic
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 8017 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Leonard Shure,  Karl Ulrich Schnabel
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Izler Solomon,  Richard Burgin
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  • 7.
    Mozart: Piano Concerto No. 27; Schubert: Impromptus, D. 899; Moment Musicaux No. 3 / Curzon, Boult, London Philharmonic
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1486 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Amour - Original Soundtrack
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 41562 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Ferruccio Busoni,  Spoken Word
    Performer:  Alexandre Tharaud
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  • 9.
    Label: Mood Media Entertainment   Catalog: 60261 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Pachelbel  ... 
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  • 10.
    50 Shades Of Classical
    Label: Cleopatra   Catalog: 159 Release Date: 11/27/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Gabriel Fauré,  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Danielle Dechenne,  Henrik Lagendaal,  Nora Ksendzov,  Dubravka Tomsic  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Raucheisen,  Zdenek Chabala,  Ferdinand Lang,  Zoltan Kovats  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Caspar da Salo Quartett
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  • 11.
    Alfred Cortot: Anniversary Edition
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 4907 Release Date: 11/19/2012   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Cortot,  Pablo Casals,  Jacques Thibaud,  Charles Panzera  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  International String Quartet
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  • 12.
    Cello Testament, Vols. 6 & 7: Forty Cello Favourites
    Label: Danica   Catalog: 8231 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  Maria Theresia Paradis,  Jean-Baptiste Breval,  Johann Paul A. Martini  ... 
    Performer:  Anders Gron,  Jorgen Hald Nielsen
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  • 13.
    The Best Classical Piano Ever!
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 04748 Release Date: 09/18/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Gabriel Fauré,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  John Ogdon,  André Watts,  Aldo Ciccolini,  Cécile Ousset  ... 
    Conductor:  Bryden Thomson
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  • 14.
    Clifford Curzon Edition - Complete Recordings [23 CDs + DVD]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001728400 Release Date: 09/11/2012   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon,  Irmgard Seefried,  Horst Günther,  Julius Patzak  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch,  George Szell,  Benjamin Britten,  Eduard Van Beinum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 15.
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001701502 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Anatol Ugorski,  Aloys Kontarsky,  Alfons Kontarsky  ... 
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  • 16.
    Best Of Schubert
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300340 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Norman Shetler,  Siegfried Lorenz,  Peter Rösel,  Rainer Hucke  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Schreier,  Herbert Blomstedt
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  • 17.
    Sin Palabras: Stefano Grondona Plays The Romantic Transcriptions For Guitar By Miguel Llobet
    Label: Stradivarius   Catalog: 33915 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Georges Bizet,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Stefano Grondona
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  • 18.
    Moritz Rosenthal - The Complete Recordings
    Label: Apr (Appian)   Catalog: 7503 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Moritz Rosenthal,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Moritz Rosenthal
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  • 19.
    Essential Schubert
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78158 Release Date: 02/07/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Laszlo Varga  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden,  Robert Heger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melos Ensemble London,  Chilingirian String Quartet
    CD: $12.99
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  • 20.
    Serenade: Romantic Music For Romantic Guitars
    Label: Bgs (British Guitar Society)   Catalog: 102 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Niccolň Paganini,  Giulio Regondi,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Tom Kerstens
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  • 21.
    Best Schubert 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80429 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elmar Schloter,  Sir Philip Ledger,  Alfredo Dallapozza,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Herbert von Karajan,  Yehudi Menuhin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 22.
    Smooth Dinner Classics: Beautiful Music For Two
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10123 Release Date: 10/21/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Sylvia Cápová,  Christiane Jaccottet,  Marian Pivka,  Dubravka Tomsic  ... 
    Conductor:  Leone Magiera,  Eugen Duvier,  Vladimir Petroschoff,  Libor Pesek  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 23.
    Schubert: Works for Solo Piano / Ronan O'Hora
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 29200 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ronan O'Hora
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  • 24.
    Schubert: Piano Sonatas 9 & 11, 3 Moments Musicaux / Sviatoslav Richter
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1115 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
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  • 25.
    La Capricieuse / Neftel, Pipczynski
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7168 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Niccolň Paganini,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Edvard Grieg,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Michaela Paetsch Neftel,  Wieslaw Pipczynski
    CD: $19.99
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