Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 379563   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: The Symphonies, Rosamunde Excerpts / Barenboim, Berlin Philharmonic
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 7686162   Number of Discs: 5
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Schubert, Boccherini: String Quintets / Stern, Lin, Laredo, Ma, Robinson
Release Date: 10/14/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 56118   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphonies No 3-5 /  Thomas Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1786   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Piano Sonatas / Daniel Barenboim
Release Date: 09/16/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002132402   Number of Discs: 5
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Work: Impromptu no 3 in G flat major

Browse 76-100 of 118 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Julie Cheek - Classical Favorites
    Label: Lml Music   Catalog: 181 Release Date: 09/07/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Julie Cheek
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  • 77.
    Expanded Edition - Vladimir Horowitz - A Reminiscence
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 92742 Release Date: 08/03/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Scriabin,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Wagner,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 78.
    Besançon Recital, 1950 / Dinu Lipatti
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 62820 Release Date: 03/23/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Dinu Lipatti
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  • 79.
    Artist Portrait - Maria-joao Pires
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 49141 Release Date: 03/16/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Maria-Joao Pires
    Conductor:  Armin Jordan,  Theodor Guschlbauer,  Michel Corboz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra,  Gulbenkian Foundation Symphony Orchestra Lisbon
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  • 80.
    Expanded Edition - Vladimir Horowitz - Favorite Encores
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 93075 Release Date: 02/24/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy,  Vladimir Horowitz,  Moritz Moszkowski  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 81.
    In The Hands Of The Master / Vladimir Horowitz
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 93039 Release Date: 09/30/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Alexander Scriabin,  Robert Schumann,  Domenico Scarlatti  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 82.
    Schubert: Impromptus;  Beethoven: Sonatas / Horowitz
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 90433 Release Date: 09/30/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 83.
    Dreams Of Love - Chopin, Schubert, Et Al / Morton Estrin
    Label: Connoisseur Society   Catalog: 4238 Release Date: 08/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Stephen Heller,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Morton Estrin
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  • 84.
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 5513662 Release Date: 07/19/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frédéric Chopin,  Edvard Grieg,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Mikhail Kazakevich,  Ricardo Castro,  Ewa Poblocka,  Alfredo Perl  ... 
    Conductor:  Tadeusz Wojciechowski,  Leonard Slatkin,  Jonathan Sheffer,  Géza Anda  ... 
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  • 85.
    Simply The Best - Classical Passion - Music For Lovers
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 49754 Release Date: 05/20/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Alexander Borodin,  Aram Khachaturian,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Cyprien Katsaris,  Tasmin Little,  Elisabeth Leonskaja,  Dieter Klöcker  ... 
    Conductor:  Eliahu Inbal,  Sir Andrew Davis,  Leopold Hager,  Thomas Zehetmair  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Brodsky String Quartet,  BBC Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 86.
    Perspectives / Mitsuko Uchida
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 473686 Release Date: 01/14/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Arnold Schoenberg  ... 
    Performer:  Mitsuko Uchida
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Evening Adagios - Over 2 1/2 Hours Of Peaceful Evening Music
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470780 Release Date: 07/16/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Kjell Lysell,  Bengt Forsberg,  Mats Lidström,  Ulf Forsberg  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  István Kertész,  Riccardo Chailly,  George Malcolm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Vienna Haydn Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 88.
    Romantic Piano Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470777 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Pascal Rogé,  András Schiff,  Alfred Brendel,  Werner Haas  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  András Schiff,  Alceo Galliera,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 89.
    Rostropovich - Mastercellist - Legendary Recordings 1956-78
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471620 Release Date: 04/02/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander Dedyukhin,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Selection - Schubert: Sonate D. 958, Etc / Alain Plančs
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 2981564 Release Date: 12/11/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Alain Plančs
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  • 91.
    Vladimir Horowitz - A Reminiscence
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 89669 Release Date: 07/17/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Scriabin,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Robert Schumann,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 92.
    Vocalise / Joe Sakimoto, Haruki Mino
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 590 Release Date: 03/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Erik Satie,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Joe Sakimoto,  Haruki Mino
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  • 93.
    The Nature Of Music Vol 1 - Morning Music - From Dawn To Day
    Label: Spring Hill Music   Catalog: 6025 Release Date: 02/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Thompson,  Jénö Jandó,  Idil Biret,  Wolfgang Rübsam
    Conductor:  Stefan Sanderling,  Helmut Müller-Brühl,  Michael Thompson,  Johannes Wildner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Sinfonietta,  Cologne Chamber Orchestra,  Capella Istropolitana  ... 
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  • 94.
    Piano Classics - Mendelssohn, Schumann, Brahms, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1739 Release Date: 01/09/2001   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Marta Deyanova,  Mark Anderson,  Martin Jones,  Vlado Perlemuter  ... 
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  • 95.
    Rubinstein Collection Vol 30 - Franck, Debussy, Etc
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63030 Release Date: 01/09/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Claude Debussy,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein
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  • 96.
    Forgotten Romance / Odeum Guitar Duo
    Label: Sbe Records   Catalog: 9200 Release Date: 11/21/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Scriabin,  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johann Kaspar Mertz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Odeum Guitar Duo
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  • 97.
    Rubinstein Collection Vol 54 - Schubert: Sonata, Etc
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63054 Release Date: 10/10/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein
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  • 98.
    The Art Of Ashkenazy
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 466462 Release Date: 02/08/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Bernard Haitink,  David Zinman,  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 99.
    Piano Moods & Seasons
    Label: Upbeat Classics   Catalog: 151 Release Date: 09/06/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christian Sinding,  Franz Schubert,  Edvard Grieg,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Allan Schiller
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  • 100.
    Bach, Mozart, Scarlatti, Schubert: Piano Works / Lipatti
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 67003 Release Date: 05/04/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Domenico Scarlatti
    Performer:  Dinu Lipatti
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