Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Alfonso und Estrella / Schreier, Mathis, Prey, Suitner
Release Date: 11/19/2013   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94689   Number of Discs: 3
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Beethoven, Schubert & Chopin / Menahem Pressler
Release Date: 11/19/2013   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1999   Number of Discs: 1
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Franz Schubert: Endeckungen, Bearbeitungen
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Ars Produktion  
Catalog: ARS38114   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68034   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphonies No 3-5 /  Thomas Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1786   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Impromptu no 3 in G flat major

Browse 51-75 of 117 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Legendary Treasures - Sviatoslav Richter Archives Vol 15
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7940 Release Date: 05/13/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
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  • 52.
    Classic Feeling - Schubert Meisterwerke
    Label: Delta Ent.   Catalog: 772851 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
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  • 53.
    Piano Fantasies
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 4916 Release Date: 01/22/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Elfrun Gabriel,  Andreas Pistorius,  Dieter Zechlin,  Renate Schorler  ... 
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  • 54.
    Hymne An Die Nacht / Brigitte Engerer
    Label: Mirare   Catalog: 752544 Release Date: 01/15/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Brigitte Engerer
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  • 55.
    Label: Dal Segno   Catalog: DSPRCD022 Release Date: 01/01/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin,  Eugen D'Albert,  Claude Debussy  ... 
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  • 56.
    Touch Your Soul
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1275 Release Date: 12/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Elfrun Gabriel,  Andreas Pistorius,  Dieter Zechlin,  Renate Schorler  ... 
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  • 57.
    Piano Moods - A Collection of Romantic Melodies
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000872602 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Edvard Grieg,  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Mikhail Pletnev,  Daniel Barenboim,  Lazar Berman  ... 
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  • 58.
    Recital / Adriel Gomez-mansur
    Label: Avanti Classic   Catalog: 1025 Release Date: 01/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Alexander Scriabin,  Robert Schumann,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Adriel Gomez-Mansur
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  • 59.
    Ultimate Piano Classics - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000766402 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Rhondda Gillespie,  Julius Katchen,  András Schiff  ... 
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  • 60.
    Elenea Bezprozvannykh Plays Chopin, Rachmaninov, Brahms
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98761 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Alfred Gruenfeld,  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Elenea Bezprozvannykh
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  • 61.
    Schubert To Bartok / Stephen G. Szirmai
    Label: Eroica Classical Recordings   Catalog: 3273 Release Date: 05/16/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Claude Debussy,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Stephen Szirmai,  Stephen G. Szirmai
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  • 62.
    Liebestraum / Misha Goldstein
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 99382 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Claude Debussy,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Misha Goldstein
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  • 63.
    Schubert: Impromptus, Moments Musicaux
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 92100 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Martijn van den Hoek,  Folke Nauta,  Pieter van Winkel
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  • 64.
    Sileo - Music Of Serenity - Schubert, Barber, Brahms, Et Al
    Label: Art   Catalog: 8285 Release Date: 03/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Samuel Barber,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Sebastian Knauer,  Jan Vogler,  Peter Rösel,  Renate Schorler  ... 
    Conductor:  Thomas Sanderling,  Kurt Sanderling,  Heinz Bongartz,  Rolf Kleinert  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Gaia Scienza,  Saarbrücken Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 65.
    Gaubert: Complete Works For Flute Vol 3 / Smith, Pinkas
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557307 Release Date: 03/21/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Philippe Gaubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  André Campra,  Luigi Boccherini  ... 
    Performer:  Fenwick Smith,  Sally Pinkas
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  • 66.
    Flute Et Cordes /  Ensemble Obligat
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 86069 Release Date: 01/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Domenico Scarlatti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Obligat
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  • 67.
    Schubert: Impromptus / Chaio Ying Chang
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 92514 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Chiao-Ying Chang
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  • 68.
    50 Most Loved Piano Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 34410 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Maurice Ravel,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert  ... 
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  • 69.
    Breathe - The Relaxing Piano
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80652 Release Date: 08/23/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Andrew Lloyd Webber,  Ennio Morricone,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Chertock,  André Arpino,  Vincent Charbonnier,  Jacques Loussier  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  David Zinman,  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Jacques Loussier Trio,  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  Baltimore Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 70.
    Chopin, Ravel, Schubert: Piano Works / Dong-Hyek Lim
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67933 Release Date: 08/23/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Maurice Ravel,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dong-Hyek Lim
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  • 71.
    Original Masters - Clifford Curzon Vol 3
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000490902 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon,  Martin Lovett,  Peter Schidlof,  Norbert Brainin
    Conductor:  Sir Henry Wood,  Boyd Neel,  Enrique Jorda,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Queen's Hall Orchestra,  Amadeus String Quartet members,  National Symphony, Washington, D. C.  ... 
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  • 72.
    A Summer Night - In The Evening
    Label: Delta Records   Catalog: 45030 Release Date: 08/02/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Roman Hoffstetter,  Edvard Grieg,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
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  • 73.
    Essential Piano - The Ultimate Piano Collection
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000397202 Release Date: 02/14/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  András Schiff,  Zoltán Kocsis,  Radu Lupu  ... 
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart,  Sir Colin Davis,  Lorin Maazel,  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 74.
    Ageless Piano Classics Volume 1 / Marjorie Bliese Gluckstein
    Label: Marjorie Bliese Gluckstein   Catalog: 5637311004 Release Date: 10/12/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Liszt,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Marjorie Bliese Gluckstein
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  • 75.
    Julie Cheek - Classical Favorites
    Label: Lml Music   Catalog: 181 Release Date: 09/07/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Julie Cheek
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