Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Chamber Works / Little, Lane
Release Date: 04/28/2015   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 108502   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert: Piano Trios No 1 & 2 / Storioni Trio Amsterdam
Release Date: 03/27/2007   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186050   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphonies No 6 & 8 / Herreweghe
Release Date: 08/28/2012   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186446    Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: String Quartets
Release Date: 09/25/2012   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10737   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Complete Works For Violin & Piano / Julia Fischer
Release Date: 10/14/2014   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 186519   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Impromptu no 3 in G flat major

Browse 51-75 of 96 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Beethoven, Schubert / Tatyana Nikolayeva
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4268 Release Date: 11/25/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Tatiana Nikolayeva
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  • 52.
    Label: Dal Segno   Catalog: 27 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss  ... 
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  • 53.
    Nocturnes Of Melancholy / Fujiko Hemming
    Label: Domo Records   Catalog: 73094 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Fujiko Hemming
    CD: $13.99
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  • 54.
    Brilliantissimo / David Helfgott
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 46725 Release Date: 04/23/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Louis Moreau Gottschalk,  Frédéric Chopin,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  David Helfgott
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  • 55.
    Ultimate Classical Dreams - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001280302 Release Date: 04/21/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Samuel Barber,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Marisa Robles,  Jack Brymer,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  David Zinman,  Frederick Fennell,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Baltimore Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 56.
    Kreisler: Violin Music / Oscar Schumsky, Milton Kaye, William Wolfram
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 2529 Release Date: 04/14/2009   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Milton Kaye,  Oscar Shumsky,  William Wolfram
    CD: $29.99
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  • 57.
    Alfred Brendel In Portrait - Documentary & Performance
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 0811 Release Date: 02/24/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
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  • 58.
    Traumerei
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 59692 Release Date: 10/30/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Elfrun Gabriel,  Rolf-Dieter Arens,  Andreas Pistorius,  Dieter Zechlin  ... 
    Conductor:  Max Pommer,  Heinz Rögner,  Kurt Masur,  Jörg-Peter Weigle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Chamber Philharmonic Wind Soloists,  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 59.
    The Classic Sound - Schubert: Sonata D 850, Etc / Curzon
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 443570 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
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  • 60.
    Dinu Lipatti - The Master Pianist
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 07318 Release Date: 09/02/2008   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Dinu Lipatti
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  • 61.
    Schubert: Impromptus D 899 & D 935 / Andrei Gavrilov
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435788 Release Date: 08/05/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Andrei Gavrilov
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  • 62.
    Gulda Non-stop / Friedrich Gulda
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 52499 Release Date: 06/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Friedrich Gulda
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  • 63.
    Legendary Treasures - Sviatoslav Richter Archives Vol 15
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7940 Release Date: 05/13/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
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  • 64.
    Label: Dal Segno   Catalog: 22 Release Date: 02/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin,  Eugen D'Albert,  Claude Debussy  ... 
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  • 65.
    Piano Fantasies
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 4916 Release Date: 01/22/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Elfrun Gabriel,  Andreas Pistorius,  Dieter Zechlin,  Renate Schorler  ... 
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  • 66.
    Touch Your Soul
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1275 Release Date: 12/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Elfrun Gabriel,  Andreas Pistorius,  Dieter Zechlin,  Renate Schorler  ... 
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  • 67.
    Ultimate Schubert - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000972602 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Menahem Pressler,  Bernard Greenhouse,  Isidore Cohen,  Samuel Rhodes  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio
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  • 68.
    Recital / Adriel Gomez-mansur
    Label: Avanti Classic   Catalog: 1025 Release Date: 01/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Alexander Scriabin,  Robert Schumann,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Adriel Gomez-Mansur
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  • 69.
    Ultimate Piano Classics - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000766402 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Rhondda Gillespie,  Julius Katchen,  András Schiff  ... 
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  • 70.
    Elenea Bezprozvannykh Plays Chopin, Rachmaninov, Brahms
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98761 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Alfred Gruenfeld,  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Elenea Bezprozvannykh
    CD: $18.99
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  • 71.
    Sileo - Music Of Serenity - Schubert, Barber, Brahms, Et Al
    Label: Art   Catalog: 8285 Release Date: 03/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Samuel Barber,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Sebastian Knauer,  Jan Vogler,  Peter Rösel,  Renate Schorler  ... 
    Conductor:  Thomas Sanderling,  Kurt Sanderling,  Heinz Bongartz,  Rolf Kleinert  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Gaia Scienza,  Saarbrücken Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 72.
    Gaubert: Complete Works For Flute Vol 3 / Smith, Pinkas
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557307 Release Date: 03/21/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Philippe Gaubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  André Campra,  Luigi Boccherini  ... 
    Performer:  Fenwick Smith,  Sally Pinkas
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  • 73.
    Flute Et Cordes /  Ensemble Obligat
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 86069 Release Date: 01/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Domenico Scarlatti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Obligat
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  • 74.
    Schubert: Impromptus / Chaio Ying Chang
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 92514 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Chiao-Ying Chang
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  • 75.
    Breathe - The Relaxing Piano
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80652 Release Date: 08/23/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Andrew Lloyd Webber,  Ennio Morricone,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Chertock,  André Arpino,  Vincent Charbonnier,  Jacques Loussier  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  David Zinman,  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Jacques Loussier Trio,  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  Baltimore Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $11.99
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