Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 379563   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: The Symphonies, Rosamunde Excerpts / Barenboim, Berlin Philharmonic
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 7686162   Number of Discs: 5
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Schubert: The Late Piano Sonatas / Paul Lewis
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902165   Number of Discs: 2
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Marlboro Festival 40th Anniversary - Schubert, Mozart: Quintets
Release Date:    Label: Sony  
Catalog: 46252   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Piano Sonatas / Daniel Barenboim
Release Date: 09/16/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002132402   Number of Discs: 5
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Work: Impromptu no 3 in G flat major

Browse 26-50 of 118 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Brailowsky Plays Virtuoso Showpieces
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 68165 Release Date: 02/14/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Lyapunov  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander Brailowsky
    Conductor:  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Schubert: Piano Works / Atsuko Seki
    Label: Divox   Catalog: 25255 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Atsuko Seki
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  • 28.
    Last Recital At Besancon (Sept. 16, 1950)
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7056 Release Date: 12/14/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Dinu Lipatti
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  • 29.
    The Schubert Experience
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 680820 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Hartmut Höll,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Barbara Bonney,  Geoffrey Parsons  ... 
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Theodor Guschlbauer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Brandis String Quartet,  Arnold Schoenberg Choir  ... 
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  • 30.
    Label: Northquest   Catalog: 315001 Release Date: 10/12/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
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  • 31.
    Autumn In The Park
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 09305 Release Date: 09/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Joseph Canteloube,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Leif Ove Andsnes,  Hugh Bean,  Lesley Garrett,  Sarah Chang  ... 
    Conductor:  Antonio Pappano,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Paul Daniel,  Sir David Willcocks  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Session Orchestra  ... 
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  • 32.
    Easy-listening Piano Classics: Schubert
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578099-101 Release Date: 09/28/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Zsuzsa Kollár,  Oxana Yablonskaya,  Sequeira Costa  ... 
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  • 33.
    The Classical #1's
    Label: Aao Music   Catalog: 22092 Release Date: 05/18/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  George Gershwin,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
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  • 34.
    Classics For The Heart, Vol. 2
    Label: Domo Records   Catalog: 73098 Release Date: 04/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Fujiko Hemming
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  • 35.
    Label: Sterling   Catalog: 1668 Release Date: 01/07/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Verbaite
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  • 36.
    Alfred Brendel - The Farewell Concerts
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001378902 Release Date: 12/08/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Beethoven, Schubert / Tatyana Nikolayeva
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4268 Release Date: 11/25/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Tatiana Nikolayeva
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  • 38.
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 1568989 Release Date: 10/06/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Claudio Monteverdi  ... 
    Performer:  Sally-Anne Russell,  Sara Macliver,  Roger Woodward,  David Stanhope  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Divall,  Markus Stenz,  Sir Bernard Heinze,  Anthony Walker  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ludovico's Band,  Ensemble Battistin,  Australian Trio  ... 
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  • 39.
    Nocturnes Of Melancholy / Fujiko Hemming
    Label: Domo Records   Catalog: 73094 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Fujiko Hemming
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  • 40.
    Brilliantissimo / David Helfgott
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 46725 Release Date: 05/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Louis Moreau Gottschalk,  Frédéric Chopin,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  David Helfgott
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  • 41.
    Ultimate Classical Dreams - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001280302 Release Date: 04/21/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Samuel Barber,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Marisa Robles,  Jack Brymer,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  David Zinman,  Frederick Fennell,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Baltimore Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 42.
    Kreisler: Violin Music / Oscar Schumsky, Milton Kaye, William Wolfram
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 2529 Release Date: 04/14/2009   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Milton Kaye,  Oscar Shumsky,  William Wolfram
    On sale! $33.98
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  • 43.
    Label: Dal Segno   Catalog: DSPRCD027 Release Date: 04/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss  ... 
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  • 44.
    Alfred Brendel In Portrait - Documentary & Performance
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 0811 Release Date: 02/24/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
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  • 45.
    Piano Dreams
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 516240 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Albéric Magnard,  Joseph Guy Ropartz,  Déodat de Sévérac,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Performer:  Jean Doyen,  Michel Legrand,  Monique Haas,  Alexandre Rabinovitch  ... 
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski,  Maxim Shostakovich,  James Conlon,  János Rolla  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Radio France Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 46.
    Love's Dream: Romantic Piano Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4777524 Release Date: 11/10/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Evgeni Kissin,  Martha Argerich,  Emil Gilels  ... 
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  • 47.
    The Classic Sound - Schubert: Sonata D 850, Etc / Curzon
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 443570 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
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  • 48.
    Dinu Lipatti - The Master Pianist
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 07318 Release Date: 09/02/2008   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Dinu Lipatti
    Recommendation
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  • 49.
    Schubert: Impromptus D 899 & D 935 / Andrei Gavrilov
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435788 Release Date: 08/05/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Andrei Gavrilov
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  • 50.
    Gulda Non-stop / Friedrich Gulda
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 52499 Release Date: 07/23/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Friedrich Gulda
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