Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert, Schumann, Mendelssohn: Heine Songs / Christoph Pregardien
Release Date: 12/13/1994   Label: Dhm Deutsche Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 77319   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 379563   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert /  Langlamet,  St. John, Prohaska, Quandt
Release Date: 10/14/2014   Label: Ancalagon  
Catalog: 141   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: The Symphonies, Rosamunde Excerpts / Barenboim, Berlin Philharmonic
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 7686162   Number of Discs: 5
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Schubert: Piano Sonatas / Daniel Barenboim
Release Date: 09/16/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002132402   Number of Discs: 5
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Work: Impromptu no 3 in G flat major

Browse 101-117 of 117 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Timeless Kiss - The Best Romantic Piano Music
    Label: Four Winds   Catalog: 3007 Release Date: 08/25/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  John Novacek,  Joseph Paratore,  Anthony Paratore,  Daniel Pollack
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  • 102.
    Classic Romance II / John Novacek
    Label: Four Winds   Catalog: 3006 Release Date: 05/19/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Alexander Scriabin,  Franz Liszt,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  John Novacek
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  • 103.
    Nightmoods - Night Wanderer
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453904 Release Date: 06/10/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  James Levine,  Gerhart Hetzel,  Wolfram Christ  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Trio di Trieste,  Melos String Quartet Stuttgart,  Hagen String Quartet  ... 
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  • 104.
    The Romance Collection
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8504005 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Johann Kaspar Mertz  ... 
    Performer:  Wolf Harden,  Takako Nishizaki,  Balázs Szokolay,  Gerald Garcia  ... 
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  • 105.
    Art Of The Encore / Shura Cherkassky
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7708 Release Date: 08/08/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Shura Cherkassky
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  • 106.
    Für Elise - Best Of Romantic Piano Music
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550647 Release Date: 03/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Robert Schumann,  Erik Satie,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay,  Jénö Jandó,  Klára Körmendi,  Idil Biret  ... 
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  • 107.
    Mad About Romantic Piano
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 445771 Release Date: 09/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin,  Lilya Zilberstein,  Alexis Weissenberg,  Andrei Gavrilov  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Herbert von Karajan,  André Previn,  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 108.
    Horowitz Vol I - The Studio Recordings 1962-1963
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 53457 Release Date: 07/19/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Alexander Scriabin,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 109.
    Best Of Schubert
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556666 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Leonard Hokanson
    Conductor:  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Villa Musica Ensemble,  Mandelring String Quartet
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  • 110.
    Horowitz - The Complete Masterworks Recordings, 1962-1973
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 53456 Release Date: 10/05/1993   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Nikolai Medtner,  Alexander Scriabin  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 111.
    Romantic Piano Favourites, Vol 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550052 Release Date: 02/05/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay
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  • 112.
    The Best Of Schubert
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8551116 Release Date: 02/02/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Leonard Hokanson
    Conductor:  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Villa Musica Ensemble,  Mandelring String Quartet
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  • 113.
    Intimate Encounters
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3505 Release Date: 12/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  David Shifrin,  Carol Rosenberger,  Allan Vogel,  Kenneth Munday  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orford String Quartet,  Chamber Music Northwest
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  • 114.
    Schubert: Impromptus / Daniel Barenboim
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 415849 Release Date: 01/18/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
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  • 115.
    A Portrait Of Murray Perahia
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42448 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Murray Perahia
    Conductor:  Murray Perahia
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 116.
    Favorite Encores / Vladimir Horowitz
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42305 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Alexander Scriabin,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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