Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: The Symphonies / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
Release Date: 09/12/2005   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 4623232   Number of Discs: 4
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Schubert: Die Schone Mullerin / Holzmair, Parsons
Release Date: 02/03/2015   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 72   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Trio Op. 101; Schubert: Piano Trio D 929 / Sitkovetsky Trio
Release Date: 10/27/2014   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 70   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Song Cycles / Nathalie Stutzmann [3-CD Set]
Release Date: 01/27/2015   Label: Erato  
Catalog: 623701   Number of Discs: 3
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Schubert: Death and the Maiden - Shostakovich: Chamber Symphony / LSO String Ensemble
Release Date: 03/11/2016   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 786   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Impromptu no 3 in G flat major

Browse 1-25 of 97 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    100 Best Classics
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 556480 Release Date: 08/05/2016   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Maurice Ravel,  George Frideric Handel,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Barry Tuckwell,  Mikhail Rudy,  Maria-Joao Pires  ... 
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Kent Nagano,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Alberto Lysy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Camerata Lysy,  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $18.99
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  • 2.
    Discover Piano Classics
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 0300719 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Erik Satie,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Friedrich Gulda,  Andrej Hoteev,  Jeroen van Veen,  Matthias Kirschnereit  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 3.
    Schubert: Works Arranged for Harp / Jones
    Label: Claudio   Catalog: 6032 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ieuan Jones
    CD: $17.99
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  • 4.
    Schubert: Works Arranged for Harp / Jones [DVD Audio]
    Label: Claudio   Catalog: 6032 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ieuan Jones
    DVD Audio: $24.99
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  • 5.
    Sofronitsky: Concert Recordings [5 CD + DVD]
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002312 Release Date: 03/11/2016   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Sofronitzki
    CD: $54.49
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  • 6.
    Berlioz: Symphonie Fanstastique; Schubert: Impromptu; Chopin: Fantaisie
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1448 Release Date: 02/09/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Alexandre Rabinovitch
    Conductor:  Alexandre Rabinovitch
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  • 7.
    Dino Ciani, Vol. 2
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 80446 Release Date: 02/05/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Dino Ciani
    Conductor:  Aldo Ceccato
    On sale! $59.98
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  • 8.
    Alfred Brendel: Complete Philips Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002434302 Release Date: 01/29/2016   Number of Discs: 114
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Imogen Cooper,  Sylvia McNair,  Eduard Brunner  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Bernard Haitink,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $308.99
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  • 9.
    Rhapsody in Blue / Mailley-Smith
    Label: Sleeveless   Catalog: 1010 Release Date: 01/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Louis Moreau Gottschalk,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Warren Mailley-Smith
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  • 10.
    The Lady In The Van [original Motion Picture Soundtrack]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 509363 Release Date: 12/11/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Fenton,  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Kira Doherty,  Clare Hammond,  George Fenton
    Conductor:  George Fenton
    CD: $14.99
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  • 11.
    Piano Legends / Michelangeli, Argerich, Brendel
    Label: Opus Arte   Catalog: OA 1153BD Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli,  Martha Argerich,  Paul Gulda  ... 
    Conductor:  Christian Arming
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Japan Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $39.99
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  • 12.
    James Brawn: In Recital, Vol. 2
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1502 Release Date: 11/10/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  James Brawn
    On sale! $28.98
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  • 13.
    Brahms Inspired
    Label: Canary Classics   Catalog: 15 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Bruce Adolphe,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Orli Shaham
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  • 14.
    Liebestraum: Romantic Piano Music
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94989 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Misha Goldstein
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  • 15.
    Tempo Trapezio / Misha Quint, Svetlana Gorokhovich
    Label: Blue Griffin   Catalog: 323 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Krzysztof Penderecki,  Thomas Fortmann  ... 
    Performer:  Misha Quint,  Svetlana Gorokhovich
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  • 16.
    Works By Mendelssohn, Schubert, Schumann, Chopin, Matthews / William Howard
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 6275 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  William Howard
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  • 17.
    Maria Joao Pires - The Complete Erato Recordings
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 631065 Release Date: 06/24/2014   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Maria-Joao Pires,  Huseyin Sermet
    Conductor:  Claudio Scimone,  Theodor Guschlbauer,  Armin Jordan,  Michel Corboz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Solisti Veneti,  Lisbon Gulbenkian Foundation Orchestra,  Orchestre De Chambre De Lausanne  ... 
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  • 18.
    Richter Plays Schubert Live [4-CD Set]
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 2231 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
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  • 19.
    Piano / Myung-whun Chung
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 002054102 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Myung-Whun Chung
    CD: $21.99
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  • 20.
    In Dance And Song / Tom Poster
    Label: Champs Hill Records   Catalog: 75 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Edvard Grieg,  Béla Bartók,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Tom Poster
    On sale! $16.99
    CD: $13.99
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  • 21.
    Music For Pleasure [wienerworld]
    Label: Wienerworld   Catalog: 1367 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Dieter Goldmann,  Abbey Simon,  Vladimir Horowitz,  Michael Conn  ... 
    Conductor:  Francesco Macci,  Alberto Lizzio,  Leopold Stokowski,  Anton Nanut  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hyacinthe Eléonore Klosé
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  • 22.
    Irina Lankova Plays Schubert
    Label: Indesens   Catalog: 56 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Irina Lankova
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  • 23.
    Steinway, The Beautiful
    Label: Fim (1st Impression)   Catalog: 87 Release Date: 11/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Yellow River Composers' C,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Todd Crow
    On sale! $43.98
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  • 24.
    BBC Legends - Great Recordings from the Archive
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5113 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Robert Schumann,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Beryl Hatt,  Agnes Giebel,  Joyce Barker,  Kerstin Meyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein,  Yevgeny Mravinsky,  Arturo Toscanini,  Kiril Kondrashin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Orpington Junior Singers,  Goldsmiths' Choral Union  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 25.
    Salut D'amour /  Matthew Jones, Annabel Thwaite
    Label: Sleeveless   Catalog: 1006 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Frédéric Chopin,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Annabel Thwaite,  Matthew Jones
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