Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Symphonies No 3-5 /  Thomas Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1786   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Piano Sonatas in A Major & A Minor,
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Dux Records  
Catalog: 930   Number of Discs: 1
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Mozart: Divertimento K 563; Schubert: String Trio / Trio Zimmermann
Release Date: 12/21/2010   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1817   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Overtures /  Manfred Huss, Haydn Sinfonietta Wien
Release Date: 05/15/2012   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1862   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 6 / Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 07/30/2013   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1987   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Schwanengesang: Ständchen (Serenade)

Browse 76-100 of 154 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Schubert, Kalliwoda / Ashan Pillai, Michael Endres
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 591 Release Date: 03/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda
    Performer:  Michael Endres,  Ashan Pillai
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  • 77.
    Label: Octave, Les Productions   Catalog: 23326 Release Date: 03/22/2007   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  François Couperin,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Schneiderhan,  Marcelle Meyer,  Andrés Segovia,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Baumgartner,  Eduard Van Beinum,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Wilhelm Furtwängler  ... 
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  • 78.
    Mendelssohn, Mozart, Etc / Benedetti, Macmillan, Asmf
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000768202 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Felix Mendelssohn,  James MacMillan
    Performer:  Nicola Benedetti,  Skaila Kanga
    Conductor:  Nicola Benedetti,  James MacMillan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 79.
    Encore - Lloyd Webber - Unexpected Songs
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 59488 Release Date: 07/18/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Andrew Lloyd Webber,  Edward MacDowell,  James Horner,  Carl Orff  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Lloyd Webber,  John Lenehan,  Michael Ball,  Steafan Hannigan  ... 
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  • 80.
    Schubert: 21 Lieder / Richard King, Susan Teicher
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 856 Release Date: 07/18/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Richard King,  Susan Teicher
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  • 81.
    Thomas Quasthoff - The Voice
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000657702 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Carl Loewe,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Justus Zeyen,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Albrecht Mayer
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Baroque Soloists,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 82.
    Schubert: Songs Without Words / Fromanger, Mishory
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7106 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gilead Mishory,  Benoît Fromanger
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  • 83.
    Moonlight Romance
    Label: Silverline   Catalog: 281121 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Lotte Lehman Sings Lieder & Orchestral Songs 1941-1950
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1247 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Bernhard Flies,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Ulanowsky,  Lotte Lehmann,  Bruno Walter
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Peter Schreier - Legendary Recordings
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 2852 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Heinrich Schütz,  Peter Cornelius,  Rudolf Mauersberger  ... 
    Performer:  Hans Otto,  Peter Schreier,  Anton Spieler,  Karl-Dietfried Adam  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Mauersberger,  Otmar Suitner,  Bernhard Klee,  Siegfried Kurz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra members,  Dresden Kreuz Choir,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 86.
    Virtuoso Cello Encores / Maria Kliegel
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557943 Release Date: 11/15/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Vieuxtemps,  George Gershwin,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Kliegel,  Raimund Havenith
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  • 87.
    Schubert: Arpeggione / Gastinel, Désert
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5021 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert
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  • 88.
    Peter Anders Vol. I - Schubert-Lieder / Michael Raucheisen
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 2166 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Anders,  Michael Raucheisen
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  • 89.
    Original Masters - The Art Of Fritz Wunderlich
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000480702 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Hübsch,,  Traditional,  Osman Perez Freire  ... 
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hermann Prey,  Hubert Giesen,  Ingeborg Hallstein  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Carste,  Kurt Eichhorn,  Robert Stolz,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graunke Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Die Spilar-Schrammeln (salon orchestra)  ... 
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  • 90.
    Schubert: Impromptus / Perahia
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 94732 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Murray Perahia
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  • 91.
    Marian Anderson: Rare Live Broadcast Performances
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1275 Release Date: 07/19/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Giovanni Bononcini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Conductor:  Donald Voorhees
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  • 92.
    Encanto
    Label: Jeff Pike Barlow   Catalog: 5637349837 Release Date: 06/28/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gipsy Kings,  Jeff Pike Barlow,  Stanley Myers,  Anonymous  ... 
    Performer:  Jeff Pike Barlow
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  • 93.
    Fischer-Dieskau - Salzburger Liederabende 1956-1965
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 339050 Release Date: 05/06/2005   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore,  Erik Werba,  Irmgard Seefried
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  • 94.
    Artist Portrait - Sharon Isbin
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 61591 Release Date: 08/10/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Tan Dun,  Christopher Rouse,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Sharon Isbin,  Susanne Mentzer,  Gaudencio Thiago de Mello
    Conductor:  Howard Griffiths,  Muhai Tang
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Chamber Orchestra,  Gulbenkian Foundation Symphony Orchestra Lisbon
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  • 95.
    Expanded Edition - Humoresque / Isaac Stern
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 92741 Release Date: 08/03/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Alexander Borodin,  Antonín Dvorák,  Aaron Copland  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Milton Katims,  Frank Brieff,  János Rolla
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Franz Liszt Academy Chamber Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Sleeping With Schubert
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 92596 Release Date: 06/15/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Yaara Tal,  Andreas Groethuysen,  Richard Amner,  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Weil
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Classical Band,  Artis String Quartet,  L'Archibudelli  ... 
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  • 97.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gerard Souzay
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1313 Release Date: 11/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Jacqueline Bonneau,  Dalton Baldwin
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  • 98.
    Joshua Bell - Romance Of The Violin
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 87894 Release Date: 10/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Robert Schumann,  Jules Massenet,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Jacob Heringman,  John Constable,  Joshua Bell,  Stephen Orton  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Stern
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 99.
    Bjorling Rediscovered - Carnegie Hall Recital September 1955
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 53231 Release Date: 09/09/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Sjöberg,  Giacomo Puccini,  Francesco Paolo Tosti,  Umberto Giordano  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker
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  • 100.
    The Very Best of Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75922 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  James McCracken,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Jacques Neilz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Alberto Erede,  Rafael Kubelik,  Sir Philip Ledger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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