Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Symphonies No 3-5 /  Thomas Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1786   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 379563   Number of Discs: 1
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Mozart: Divertimento K 563; Schubert: String Trio / Trio Zimmermann
Release Date: 12/21/2010   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1817   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Overtures /  Manfred Huss, Haydn Sinfonietta Wien
Release Date: 05/15/2012   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1862   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 6 / Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 07/30/2013   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1987   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Schwanengesang: Ständchen (Serenade)

Browse 26-50 of 153 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    The Very Best Of Dietrich Fischer-dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94768 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Robert Veyron-Lacroix  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Erede,  Sir John Barbirolli,  George Szell,  Philip Ledger
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  • 27.
    Wordless Meanings / Raga Dolls
    Label: Move   Catalog: 3249 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  David Osborne,  Don Heffington,  Luiz Bonfá,  Sydney Baynes  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Raga Dolls
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  • 28.
    Classical Strings
    Label: Tgg   Catalog: 60214 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Franz Schubert,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Johan Svendsen  ... 
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  • 29.
    Dinner Classics
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 9063 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Anton Rubinstein,  Edvard Grieg,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  János Bálint,  Deborah Sipkai,  Dénes Várjon  ... 
    Conductor:  Béla Bánfalvi,  Janos Kovács,  Emil Tabakov,  Pavel Urbanek  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Mozart Ensemble
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  • 30.
    Label: Union Square   Catalog: 1206197 Release Date: 11/16/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robat Arwyn,  Franz Schubert,  Joseph Parry,  Meirion Williams  ... 
    Performer:  Bryn Terfel,  Rhys Meirion,  Fflur Wyn
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  • 31.
    Schubert Lied-Edition Vol 1
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 40026 Release Date: 10/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Friedrich Brodersen,  Frieda Hempel,  Friedrich Schorr,  Maria Ivogün  ... 
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  • 32.
    Schubert Lied-Edition Vol 4
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 40029 Release Date: 10/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Marian Anderson,  Karl Erb,  Kirsten Flagstad,  Joseph Schmidt  ... 
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  • 33.
    Julia Culp - Lieder Recordings 1909-1926
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10061 Release Date: 10/15/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Rubinstein,  Charles Edward Horn,  Claude Debussy,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Julia Culp,  Otto Bake
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  • 34.
    Karl Schmitt-Walter, Lieder Vol 3 - Brahms, Grieg, Loewe, Schubert, Schumann, Wolf
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10385 Release Date: 10/15/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Edvard Grieg,  Johannes Brahms,  Carl Loewe  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Raucheisen,  Karl Schmitt-Walter,  Franz Rupp
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  • 35.
    Easy-listening Piano Classics: Schubert
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578099-101 Release Date: 09/28/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Zsuzsa Kollár,  Oxana Yablonskaya,  Sequeira Costa  ... 
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  • 36.
    German University Songs Vol 4 / Erich Kunz
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 10144 Release Date: 05/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Karl Groos,  Anonymous,  Theodore Fröhlich  ... 
    Performer:  Erich Kunz
    Conductor:  Anton Paulik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Men
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  • 37.
    10 Greatest Classical Emotions
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5204 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  Reynaldo Hahn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Gemma Bertagnolli,  Sara Mingardo,  Marie-Nicole Lemieux,  Daniel Blumenthal  ... 
    Conductor:  Rinaldo Alessandrini,  Gottfried Von der Goltz,  Alessandro De Marchi,  Marc Minkowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concerto Italiano,  Freiburg Baroque Orchestra,  Academia Montis Regalis  ... 
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  • 38.
    Label: Gala (Canadian Indie)   Catalog: 880051 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Adolf Stauch,  Rudolf Schock,  Gerald Moore,  Herbert Heinemann  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Schüchter,  Frank Fox,  Kurt Gaebel,  Werner Eisbrenner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mandolinenorchester
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  • 39.
    Sehnsucht / Csillag, Ruiten, The Gents
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 30109 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Julius Röntgen,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Lenneke Ruiten,  Thom Janssen
    Conductor:  Béni Csillag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Gents
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  • 40.
    Ohne Worte
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7563992 Release Date: 12/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Nils Mönkemeyer,  Nicholas Rimmer
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  • 41.
    Nocturne / Carmen Dragon, Hollywood Bowl SO
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63664 Release Date: 12/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  Claude Debussy,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Conductor:  Carmen Dragon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Guitarre - Greatest Works / Barbara Richter, Monika Rost, Dieter Rumstig
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 12352 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Vincenzo Galilei,  Luis de Narváez,  Isaac Albeniz,  Fernando Sor  ... 
    Performer:  Dieter Rumstig,  Barbara Richter,  Monika Röst,  Klaus Feldmann  ... 
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  • 43.
    111 Years Of Deutsche Grammophon [55-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001341002 Release Date: 10/20/2009   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Krystian Zimerman,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hubert Giesen,  Helmut Walcha  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Daniele Callegari,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Richter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Verdi Grand Symphonic Orchestra Milan,  Verdi Chorus Milan  ... 
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  • 44.
    Mendelssohn, Liszt: Piano Songs / Silke Avenhaus
    Label: Cavi Music   Catalog: 8553136 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Silke Avenhaus
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  • 45.
    Songs By Schubert, Wolf, Faure, Ravel / Keenlyside, Martineau
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 31 Release Date: 09/15/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Gabriel Fauré,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Malcolm Martineau,  Simon Keenlyside
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  • 46.
    50 Classics For Relaxation / Ingman, Gerhardt, Gamley, Et Al
    Label: Time/Life Music   Catalog: 24742 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Paul A. Martini  ... 
    Performer:  Keith Harvey,  José Luis Garcia,  Larry Dalton,  Skaila Kanga  ... 
    Conductor:  David Firman,  Franck Pourcel,  Charles Gerhardt,  Eric Hammerstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Franck Pourcel Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 47.
    Esprit - Romantique
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5170 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin,  Luigi Boccherini,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Grigory Sokolov,  Philippe Cassard,  Claire Désert,  Anne Gastinel  ... 
    Conductor:  John Nelson,  Fabio Biondi,  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Europa Galante,  Paris Orchestral Ensemble,  Orchestre de Paris
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  • 48.
    Schubert, Beethoven, Grieg, Britten, Trojahn: Lieder / Daniel Behle, Oliver Schnyder
    Label: Phoenix Edition   Catalog: 154 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Edvard Grieg,  Benjamin Britten  ... 
    Performer:  Oliver Schnyder,  Daniel Behle
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  • 49.
    Schubert: Music For Clarinet & Piano / Bieri, Wyss
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 2804 Release Date: 04/14/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Reto Bieri,  Gérard Wyss
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  • 50.
    The Frederic Meinders Transcriptions - Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, Mahler
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 671 Release Date: 04/14/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Frédéric Meinders
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