Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Final Thoughts: The Last Piano Works of Schubert & Brahms / Osorio
Release Date: 05/12/2017   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 171   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert & Haydn: String Quartets / Tetzlaff Quartett
Release Date: 03/10/2017   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1293   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphonies Nos. 1-8 / Harnoncourt, Berlin Philharmonic
Release Date: 09/22/2017   Label: Berlin Philharmonic  
Catalog: 170063   Number of Discs: 5
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Schubert: Die schone Mullerin, D. 795 / Gerhaher, Huber
Release Date: 10/06/2017   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 88985427402   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert Edition
Release Date: 10/28/2014   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94870   Number of Discs: 69
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Work: Schwanengesang: Ständchen (Serenade)

Browse 1-25 of 126 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Joshua Bell: The Classical Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 539520 Release Date: 08/18/2017   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Alexander Courage,  George Gershwin,  Nicholas Maw,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Joshua Bell,  John Williams,  Craig Ogden,  Gregory Knowles  ... 
    Conductor:  John Williams,  Roger Norrington,  Esa-Pekka Salonen,  David Zinman  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $39.99
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  • 2.
    Songs From Our Ancestors
    Label: Globe Theatre Music   Catalog: 001 Release Date: 01/06/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Dowland,  Ruan Ji,  Benjamin Britten,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Xuefei Yang,  Ian [Tenor Vocals] Bostridge
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  • 3.
    Camille & Julie Berthollet
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 558281 Release Date: 11/25/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Aram Khachaturian,  Karl Jenkins,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Camille Berthollet,  Julie Berthollet
    CD: $16.99
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  • 4.
    Schubert & Schumann: Transcriptions for Clarinet & Harp / Lenaerts, Grammenos
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 558214 Release Date: 11/11/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dionysis Grammenos,  Anneleen Lenaerts
    CD: $16.99
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  • 5.
    Schubert Sessions: Lieder with Guitar / Sly, Britton
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 29999 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Philippe Sly,  John Charles Britton
    CD: $18.99
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  • 6.
    Fritz Wunderlich: Complete Studio Recordings on DG
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002565802 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 32
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Alban Berg  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Crass,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Christa Ludwig,  Gundula Janowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Richter,  Karl Münchinger,  Marcel Couraud,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Bach Orchestra,  Munich Bach Choir,  Stuttgart Hymnus Boys Choir  ... 
    CD: $90.99
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  • 7.
    The Originals, Vol. 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002534902 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Helmut Walcha,  Nathan Milstein,  Géza Anda,  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Eugen Jochum,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $142.49
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  • 8.
    Schubert: Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002529602 Release Date: 08/12/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
    CD: $6.99
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  • 9.
    Great Moments at Carnegie Hall (Selected Highlights)
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 530420 Release Date: 05/06/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Paul de Schlözer,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Ronald Turini,  Artur Rubinstein,  Jorge Bolet,  Van Cliburn  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Arturo Toscanini,  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra of St. Luke's
    CD: $11.99
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  • 10.
    Great Moments at Carnegie Hall
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 503227 Release Date: 04/29/2016   Number of Discs: 43
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Roy Harris,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz,  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker,  Van Cliburn  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Serge Koussevitzky,  Bruno Walter,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
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  • 11.
    Schubert: Songs for Voice & Guitar / Huntley, Franke
    Label: Quartz Records   Catalog: 2115 Release Date: 04/01/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jens Franke,  Anna Huntley
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  • 12.
    Schubert: Die schone Mullerin & 7 Lieder / Wunderlich, Giesen [Vinyl]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B002462401 Release Date: 03/25/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hubert Giesen
    LP: $37.49
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  • 13.
    Schubertiade / Hantai, Pierlot, Diaz-Latorre
    Label: Myrios Classics   Catalog: 18 Release Date: 03/25/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wenzel Thomas Matiegka,  Johann Kaspar Mertz,  Marc Hantaď
    Performer:  Julian Prégardien,  Xavier Díaz-Latorre,  Marc Hantaď,  Philippe Pierlot
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  • 14.
    Nacht und Traume / Gijsbertsen, Beenhouwer
    Label: Phaedra   Catalog: 292032 Release Date: 02/05/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Gijsbertsen,  Jozef de Beenhouwer
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  • 15.
    Schubertiade / Anima Eterna Brugge, Immerseel
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 216 Release Date: 01/29/2016   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Klaus Wenk,  Marianne Beate Kielland,  David Erler,  Thomas E. Bauer  ... 
    Conductor:  Jos van Immerseel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anima Eterna Brugge
    CD: $39.99
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  • 16.
    111: The Collector's Editions [111 CDs]
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002422702 Release Date: 12/11/2015   Number of Discs: 111
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Maurice Ravel,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Lorin Maazel,  Franz Konwitschny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Amadeus Quartet,  Paris Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $325.49
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  • 17.
    Radu Lupu: Complete Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002402202 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 28
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Radu Lupu,  Vincent Zarzo,  Han de Vries,  George Pieterson  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Lawrence Foster,  Uri Segal,  Edo de Waart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $78.99
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  • 18.
    The History of Classical Music in 24 Hours
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002403602 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Pérotin,  Guillaume de Machaut,  John Dunstable  ... 
    Performer:  Konrad Ragossnig,  Charles [Tenor Vocals] Daniels,  Susan Gritton,  Trevor Pinnock  ... 
    Conductor:  Pater Godehard Joppich,  David Munrow,  Josef Ulsamer,  Bruno Turner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Early Music Consort of London,  Ulsamer-Collegium,  Pro Cantione Antiqua  ... 
    CD: $75.49
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  • 19.
    Schubert / Abbado
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002347202 Release Date: 07/31/2015   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Thomas Quasthoff,  Barbara Bonney,  Andreas Schmidt  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Ernst Senff Chamber Choir,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung  ... 
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  • 20.
    Oh! Quand Je Dors... / Ekaterina Gavrilova
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3391 Release Date: 04/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss,  Robert Schumann,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Ekaterina Gavrilova,  Yuliya Lytkina
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  • 21.
    Schubert: The Song Collection
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95111 Release Date: 03/31/2015   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Naum Grubert,  Robert Holl,  David Lutz,  Konrad Richter  ... 
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  • 22.
    Schubert (Re)inventions
    Label: Paladino Music   Catalog: 58 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Martin Rummel,  Alberto Mesirca,  Ursula Langmayr
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Paladino
    CD: $29.99
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  • 23.
    Romantique / Anne Gastinel
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5387 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  François-Frédéric Guy,  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert
    Conductor:  Louis Langrée
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ličge Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $34.99
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  • 24.
    Schubert: Song Cycles / Nathalie Stutzmann [3-CD Set]
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 623701 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Nathalie Stutzmann,  Inger Södergren
    CD: $17.99
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  • 25.
    Schubert Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94870 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 69
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Suzanne Lautenbacher,  György Pauk,  Peter Frankl,  Walter Hautzig  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Jörg Faerber,  Andreas Weiser,  Romano Gandolfi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra,  Bell'Arte Trio  ... 
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