Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Piano Sonatas in A Major & A Minor,
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Dux Records  
Catalog: 930   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68034   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven:
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Idi  
Catalog: 6678   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Works For Solo Piano, Vol. 1 / Barry Douglas
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10807   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: String Quintet, Quartettsatz  / Cypress String Quartet
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2307   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Schwanengesang: Ständchen (Serenade)

Browse 1-25 of 154 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Simple Gifts / Yvonne Kenny, Vladimir Kamirski, Melbourne So
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4425092 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Giacomo Puccini,  Léo Delibes,  Ivor Novello  ... 
    Performer:  Yvonne Kenny
    Conductor:  Melbourne Symphony Orches
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  • 2.
    Gil Shaham - Three Classic Albums
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999902 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Niccolň Paganini,  Franz Schubert,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Göran Söllscher,  Gil Shaham,  Orli Shaham
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  • 3.
    Piano Reflections
    Label: Classic Fm   Catalog: 1077947 Release Date: 02/04/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Ji Liu
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  • 4.
    Ave Maria / Vittorio  Grigolo
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 378637 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Maria Catena,  Campetti,,  César Franck,  Gaetano Capocci  ... 
    Performer:  Vittorio Grigolo,  Jackie Evancho
    Conductor:  Fabio Cerrone
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sistine Chapel Choir,  Roma Sinfonietta Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Ave Maria / Vittorio Grigolo [Deluxe Version]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 545683 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Maria Catena,  Campetti,,  César Franck,  Gaetano Capocci  ... 
    Performer:  Vittorio Grigolo,  Jackie Evancho
    Conductor:  Fabio Cerrone
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sistine Chapel Choir,  Roma Sinfonietta Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Label: Sounds True   Catalog: 3971 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Lisa Spector
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  • 7.
    Schubert: Arpeggione / Gastinel, Desert
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 40021 Release Date: 08/06/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert
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  • 8.
    Label: Bel Age   Catalog: 7703348 Release Date: 05/03/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár,  Ralph Benatzky  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Schmidt
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  • 9.
    Schubert: Lieder With Orchestra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001819502 Release Date: 04/02/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Thomas Quasthoff
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
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  • 10.
    Le Maestro De La Trompette
    Label: Indesens   Catalog: 15 Release Date: 02/12/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Ernesto Lecuona,  Michael Carr,  Charles Trenet  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice André
    Conductor:  J. Faustin,  Jacques Denjean
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  • 11.
    Liederreise - Songs Of Schubert & Brahms  / Kirchschlager, Lehrbaumer
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90809 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Lehrbaumer,  Angelika [Mezzo-Soprano Vocal] Kirchschlager
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  • 12.
    Mezzo Moon / Pia Heise
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 720 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Alexander von Zemlinsky,  Christoph Ernst F. Weyse,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Pia Heise,  Roger Vignoles
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  • 13.
    Song Cycle - Schubert Lieder Transcriptions / Daniel Lippel, Tony Arnold
    Label: New Focus   Catalog: 127 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Daniel Lippel,  Tony Arnold
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  • 14.
    An Die Musik - Schubert: Songs / Klaus Mertens, Tini Mathot
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72559 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Klaus Mertens,  Tini Mathot
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  • 15.
    The Art Of Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001717702 Release Date: 08/21/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Hermann Töttcher,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Ristenpart,  Ferenc Fricsay,  Otto Gerdes,  Eugen Jochum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Karl Ristenpart Chamber Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 16.
    Classical 2012
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001675702 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Georges Bizet,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  Francesco Cilča  ... 
    Performer:  Lang Lang,  Andrea Bocelli,  Anna Netrebko,  Jonas Kaufmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Myung-Whun Chung,  Antonio Pappano,  Marco Armiliato,  Daniele Callegari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Fagiolini
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  • 17.
    Schubert: Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore, Engel
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 55969 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore,  Karl Engel
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  • 18.
    Classical Guitar Favourites / Kraft, Garcia, Cassovia, Breiner
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8503260 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Dionysio Aguado,  Francisco Tarrega,  Niccolň Paganini,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Norbert Kraft,  Gerald Garcia,  Pavol Gimcik,  Maria Licková  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Breiner
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  • 19.
    Schubert And The Flute / Marieke Schneemann, Francine Van Der Heijden, Bart Van Oort
    Label: Quintone   Catalog: 10003 Release Date: 02/28/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Marieke Schneemann,  Bart Van Oort,  Francine Van der Heijden
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  • 20.
    Morgen / Elin Skorup, Fabienne Romer
    Label: Daphne   Catalog: 1044 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ingvar Lidholm,  Gunnar de Frumerie,  Maurice Karkoff  ... 
    Performer:  Fabienne Romer,  Elin Skorup
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  • 21.
    The Horn In Song
    Label: Disc Makers   Catalog: 65802 Release Date: 01/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Karl Davidov  ... 
    Performer:  James Howsmon,  Tod Bowermaster
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  • 22.
    Serenade: Romantic Music For Romantic Guitars
    Label: Bgs (British Guitar Society)   Catalog: 102 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Niccolň Paganini,  Giulio Regondi,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Tom Kerstens
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  • 23.
    Best Schubert 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80429 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elmar Schloter,  Sir Philip Ledger,  Alfredo Dallapozza,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Herbert von Karajan,  Yehudi Menuhin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 24.
    Bjorling Sings At Carnegie Hall
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 7858222 Release Date: 09/20/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker
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  • 25.
    Jussi Bjorling - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 774892 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Charles Gounod,  Giacomo Puccini,  Giacomo Meyerbeer  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Robert Merrill,  Emil Markow,  Frederick Schauwecker  ... 
    Conductor:  Renato Cellini,  Nils Grevillius,  Jonel Perlea,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra,  Rome Opera House Orchestra  ... 
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