Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Symphonies Nos. 1-8 / Harnoncourt, Berlin Philharmonic
Release Date: 09/22/2017   Label: Berlin Philharmonic  
Catalog: 170063   Number of Discs: 5
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Schubert: Die schone Mullerin, D. 795 / Gerhaher, Huber
Release Date: 10/06/2017   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 88985427402   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Alfonso und Estrella / Schreier, Mathis, Prey, Suitner
Release Date: 11/19/2013   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94689   Number of Discs: 3
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Schubert: Sonata In B Flat Major D 960, Etc / Arthur Rowe
Release Date: 03/27/2007   Label: Centaur Records  
Catalog: 2794   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: The Song Collection
Release Date: 03/31/2015   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 95111   Number of Discs: 6
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Work: Der Erlkönig, D 328

Browse 76-98 of 98 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Schubert: 24 Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Fischer, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62773 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 77.
    Deutsche Schubert-Lied-Edition 16 - Goethe Lieder Vol 3
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554667 Release Date: 03/16/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Burkhard Kehring,  Johannes Kalpers
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  • 78.
    Thomas Stewart - A Portrait / Jochum, Werba, Katz, Et Al
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1205 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Stewart,  Erik Werba,  Martin Katz
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra
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  • 79.
    The Very Best of Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75922 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  James McCracken,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Jacques Neilz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Alberto Erede,  Rafael Kubelik,  Sir Philip Ledger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 80.
    The Low Bass - Art Songs From The Bass Repertoire / Maynor
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 7244 Release Date: 02/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jack Beeson,  Norman Dello Joio,  Johannes Brahms,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Woitach,  Kevin Maynor
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  • 81.
    Schubert: Die schöne Müllerin, etc / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453676 Release Date: 11/06/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 82.
    Schubert, Mertz / Duo Liveoak
    Label: Gyre Music   Catalog: 5637283321 Release Date: 03/05/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Kaspar Mertz
    Performer:  Nancy Knowles,  Frank Wallace
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Duo LiveOak
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  • 83.
    Schubert: Lieder / Sarah Walker, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Crd Records   Catalog: 3464 Release Date: 06/26/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Roger Vignoles,  Sarah Walker
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  • 84.
    Schubert: Schwanengesang, Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 67559 Release Date: 04/10/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 85.
    Marian Anderson - Rare And Unpublished Recordings 1936-1952
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1168 Release Date: 11/30/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Liza Lehmann,  Jules Massenet,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Rupp,  Kosti Vehanen,  Marian Anderson
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  • 86.
    Schubert: Goethe-Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Demus, Moore
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457747 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jörg Demus
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  • 87.
    Schubert/Reger: Orchestral Songs / Nyland, Mertens, Albert
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 999510 Release Date: 06/02/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Klaus Mertens,  Camilla Nylund
    Conductor:  Werner Andreas Albert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hannover Radio Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Operatic Arias (1911-1962)
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7851 Release Date: 05/19/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karl Millöcker,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Francesco Cilča,  Amilcare Ponchielli  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Tito Gobbi,  Kirsten Flagstad  ... 
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  • 89.
    Stanford Archive Series Vol 4 / Ernestine Schumann-heink
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 5503 Release Date: 03/03/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Ronald, Landon, Sir,  John Stafford Smith,  Geoffrey O'Hara  ... 
    Performer:  Ernestine Schumann-Heink,  Katherine Hoffmann,  Geraldine Farrar,  Charles Adams Prince
    Conductor:  Rosario Bourdon
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  • 90.
    Schubert: Goethe Lieder / Goerne, Haefliger
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 452917 Release Date: 08/12/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Andreas Haefliger,  Matthias Goerne
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  • 91.
    Prima Voce - Schlusnus Sings Schubert Lieder
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7883 Release Date: 02/04/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Sebastian Peschko,  Franz Rupp
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  • 92.
    Kirsten Flagstad Vol 5 - Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, Et Al
    Label: Simax   Catalog: 1825 Release Date: 01/01/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Hugo Wolf,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Kirsten Flagstad,  Waldemar Alme
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  • 93.
    Goethe-Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Karl Engel
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 389951 Release Date: 08/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Duchess of Saxe-Weimar Anna Amalia,  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Karl Engel
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  • 94.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Gerhard Hüsch
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89017 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Hanns Udo Müller,  Gerhard Hüsch,  Gerald Moore
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  • 95.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Heinrich Rehkemper
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89058 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Heinrich Rehkemper,  Manfred Gurlitt,  Waldemar Liachowsky
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  • 96.
    Schubert - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64069 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Julius Levine,  Joseph Roisman,  Mischa Schneider,  Boris Kroyt  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Weil,  George Szell,  Eugene Ormandy,  Milton Katims  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Classical Band,  Budapest String Quartet members,  Artis String Quartet  ... 
    CD: $8.99
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  • 97.
    Schubert: Lieder / Tamara Takács, Jénö Jandó
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550476 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Tamara Takács,  Jénö Jandó
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  • 98.
    Prima Voce - Ernestine Schumann-Heink
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7811 Release Date: 12/02/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  James L. Molloy,  Thurlow Weed Lieurance,  Traditional,  Carl Böhm  ... 
    Performer:  Ernestine Schumann-Heink,  Herbert Witherspoon
    Conductor:  Rosario Bourdon
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