Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Symphonies No 3-5 /  Thomas Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1786   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 379563   Number of Discs: 1
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Mozart: Divertimento K 563; Schubert: String Trio / Trio Zimmermann
Release Date: 12/21/2010   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1817   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Overtures /  Manfred Huss, Haydn Sinfonietta Wien
Release Date: 05/15/2012   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1862   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 6 / Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 07/30/2013   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1987   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Der Erlkönig, D 328

Browse 76-100 of 145 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Ludwig Suthaus Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89677 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Helene Werth,  Ludwig Suthaus,  Gustav Grossmann,  Marianne Schech
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Hans Müller-Kray
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Stuttgart SW German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Marian Anderson Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89678 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Marian Anderson,  Franz Rupp
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Robert Shaw Chorale Men
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  • 78.
    Marta Fuchs - Recordings 1934-1944
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10349 Release Date: 01/31/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Raucheisen,  Marta Fuchs,  Gerald Moore,  Else Wieber  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Reuss,  Robert Heger,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Gustav Görlich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Elisabeth Schwazkopf - 1915-2006
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80273 Release Date: 01/16/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Walter Gieseking  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Walter Gieseking  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Alceo Galliera,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
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  • 80.
    Sir George Henschel - 1850-1934
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1362 Release Date: 01/02/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Carl Loewe,  Robert Schumann,  Johann Wolfgang Franck  ... 
    Performer:  George Henschel,  Beatrice Harrison,  Emma Eames,  Gervase Elwes
    Conductor:  George Henschel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Schubert: Lieder / Christoph Prégardien, Michael Gees
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 3632982 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Prégardien,  Michael Gees
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  • 82.
    Thomas Quasthoff - The Voice
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000657702 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Carl Loewe,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Justus Zeyen,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Albrecht Mayer
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Baroque Soloists,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 83.
    Perspectives / Ian Bostridge
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 46443 Release Date: 02/07/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Gabriel Fauré,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Julius Drake,  Leif Ove Andsnes
    Conductor:  Stephen Layton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polyphony
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  • 84.
    Complete Schubert Recordings / Artur Schnabel
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1175 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Artur Schnabel,  Therese Behr-Schnabel,  Karl Ulrich Schnabel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pro Arte String Quartet members
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  • 85.
    Lotte Lehman Sings Lieder & Orchestral Songs 1941-1950
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1247 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Bernhard Flies,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Ulanowsky,  Lotte Lehmann,  Bruno Walter
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Victoria De Los Angeles - Live In Recital
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1246 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alessandro Scarlatti,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  George Frideric Handel,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Victoria de los Angeles,  Miguel Zanetti
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  • 87.
    Jessye Norman Collection - Live At Hohenems & Salzburg
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000550902 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Siegfried Ochs,  George Frideric Handel,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Geoffrey Parsons,  James Levine
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  • 88.
    Jessye Norman Collection - Schubert & Mahler Lieder
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000551002 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Phillip Moll,  Irwin Gage
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  • 89.
    Schubert: The Complete Songs
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 44201/40 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ludwig Berger  ... 
    Performer:  Graham Johnson,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Christine Schäfer,  Michael George  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Layton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Holst Singers,  London Schubert Chorale,  New Company Singers
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  • 90.
    Concert Magic / Yehudi Menuhin
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2054158 Release Date: 09/20/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pietro Antonio Locatelli,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Schubert,  Niccolň Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Adolph Baller,  Marguerite Campbell,  Eula Beal  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Schubert: Impromptus / Perahia
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 94732 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Murray Perahia
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  • 92.
    Schubert: 25 Lieder / Bostridge, Drake
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 76852 Release Date: 08/02/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Julius Drake,  Ian Bostridge
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  • 93.
    Fischer-Dieskau - Salzburger Liederabende 1956-1965
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 339050 Release Date: 05/06/2005   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore,  Erik Werba,  Irmgard Seefried
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  • 94.
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32323 Release Date: 03/29/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gottlob Bachmann,  Corona Elisabeth Wilhelmi,  Julius Schneider,  Carl Friedrich Zelter  ... 
    Performer:  Andrea Meláth,  Emese Virág,  Anatoly Fokanov,  Katalin Kokas
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  • 95.
    Schubert: Fair Maid Of The Mill
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463502 Release Date: 03/14/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jörg Demus,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 96.
    Lieder Recital / Karin Branzell, Mack Harrell
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1333 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henry Purcell,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Mack Harrell,  Brooks Smith,  Karin Branzell
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  • 97.
    Schubert: Lieder / Ludwig, Moore, Parsons, Peyer
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62897 Release Date: 09/07/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Geoffrey Parsons,  Christa Ludwig,  Gervase de Peyer,  Gerald Moore
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  • 98.
    Voices Of Our Time - Ian Bostridge
    Label: Tdk   Catalog: VTIB Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Roger Vignoles
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  • 99.
    Schubert: 24 Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Fischer, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62773 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 100.
    Deutsche Schubert-Lied-Edition 16 - Goethe Lieder Vol 3
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554667 Release Date: 03/16/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Burkhard Kehring,  Johannes Kalpers
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