Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 379563   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: String Quartet No 14
Release Date: 09/24/2013   Label: Supraphon  
Catalog: 4110   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert: The Late Piano Sonatas / Paul Lewis
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902165   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert: Trout Quintet, Rosamunde Quartet / Carney, O'Hora
Release Date: 01/11/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28930   Number of Discs: 1
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Mitsuko Uchida Plays Schubert
Release Date: 03/15/2005   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 000410402   Number of Discs: 8
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Work: Der Erlkönig, D 328

Browse 26-50 of 143 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Best Schubert 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80429 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elmar Schloter,  Sir Philip Ledger,  Alfredo Dallapozza,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Herbert von Karajan,  Yehudi Menuhin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 27.
    Famous Violin Encores / Alexander Markov, Dmitriy Cogan
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 674300 Release Date: 08/30/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander Markov,  Dmitri Cogan
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  • 28.
    Franz Liszt - Master & Magician
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 775542 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 26
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Van Cliburn,  Byron Janis,  Philippe Entremont  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Wallenstein,  Eugene Ormandy,  Fritz Reiner,  Seiji Ozawa  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 29.
    The Very Best Of Dietrich Fischer-dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94768 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Robert Veyron-Lacroix  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Erede,  Sir John Barbirolli,  George Szell,  Philip Ledger
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  • 30.
    The Ballad Singer / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67830 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Carl Loewe,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Finley,  Julius Drake
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  • 31.
    An Den Mond - Schubert, Schumann: Lieder / Gotthold Schwarz, Michael Schonheit
    Label: Querstand   Catalog: 1004 Release Date: 05/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Friedrich Zelter,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Michael Schönheit,  Gotthold Schwarz
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  • 32.
    Icon - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Perfect Prima Donna
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18459 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  J. Edward Merret,  Harold Jackson,  Geraint Jones,  Manoug Parikian  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Gellhorn,  Otto Klemperer,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 33.
    Label: Membran International Gmbh   Catalog: 232763 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Albert Lortzing,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Hans Pfitzner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Rita Streich,  Lisa Della Casa,  Rudolf Schock  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Schüchter,  Arthur Rother,  Richard Kraus,  Joseph Keilberth  ... 
    CD: $22.99
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  • 34.
    Schubert Lied-Edition Vol 9
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 40034 Release Date: 11/22/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Erna Berger,  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Kathleen Ferrier,  Isobel Baillie  ... 
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  • 35.
    Sophie Braslau & Richard Crooks - Recordings 1914-1929
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10038 Release Date: 11/22/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gabriele Sibella,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Crooks,  Sophie Braslau,  Frances Alda
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  • 36.
    Gérard Souzay Vol 1 - Recordings 1944-1950
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10235 Release Date: 10/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jacques Leguerney,  Charles Gounod,  Maurice Ravel,  Henry Purcell  ... 
    Performer:  Georges Viseur,  Gérard Souzay,  Irene Aïtoff,  Jacqueline Bonneau  ... 
    Conductor:  Edouard von Lindenberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
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  • 37.
    Schubert Lied-Edition Vol 2
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 40027 Release Date: 10/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Leo Slezak,  Meta Seinemeyer,  Heinrich Rehkemper,  Hans Duhan  ... 
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  • 38.
    Schubert Lied-Edition Vol 4
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 40029 Release Date: 10/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Marian Anderson,  Karl Erb,  Kirsten Flagstad,  Joseph Schmidt  ... 
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  • 39.
    Marko Rothmüller - Recordings 1945-1950
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10199 Release Date: 10/15/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Richard Wagner,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Marko Rothmüller
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  • 40.
    Schubert, Schumann: Lieder / Gerard Souzay, Jacqueline Bonneau
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 440065 Release Date: 08/20/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Jacqueline Bonneau,  Dalton Baldwin
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  • 41.
    Lieder / Slezak, Schlusnus, Rehkemper, Manowarda
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459008 Release Date: 07/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Hugo Wolf,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Leo Slezak,  Heinrich Schacker,  Franz Rupp,  Heinrich Schlusnus  ... 
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  • 42.
    Schubert: Favorite Lieder / Gerard Souzay, Dalton Baldwin
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802012 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dalton Baldwin,  Gérard Souzay
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  • 43.
    Schubert: Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau [21 CDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001431302 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 44.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau 85th Birthday - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56352 Release Date: 04/06/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Hugo Wolf,  Edvard Grieg,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 45.
    Voices Of Our Time - Ian Bostridge In Recital With Roger Vignoles
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4617 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Hugo Wolf
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Roger Vignoles
    DVD: $18.99
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  • 46.
    Best Of Thomas Quasthoff
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 757143 Release Date: 02/02/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Charles Spencer,  Montserrat Caballé
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  • 47.
    Schubert: Lieder / Jessye Norman, Phillip Moll
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 412623 Release Date: 01/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Phillip Moll,  Jessye Norman
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  • 48.
    Schubert, Schnittke: Sonatas And Songs
    Label: Ars Produktion   Catalog: 38028 Release Date: 01/23/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Alfred Schnittke
    Performer:  Friedrich Kleinhapl,  Andreas Woyke
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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  • 49.
    Romantic Ballads / Kranzle, Dumno
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 815 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Franz Schubert,  Hugo Wolf,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Johannes Martin Kränzle,  Hilko Dumno
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  • 50.
    The Flagstad Recitals Vol 1 / Kirsten Flagstad, Edwin Mcarthur
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4801799 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Kirsten Flagstad,  Edwin McArthur
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