Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Emma Johnson & Friends: Schubert, Crusell
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: Somm  
Catalog: 156   Number of Discs: 1
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Songs By Schubert, Beethoven, Britten & Hahn / Polenzani, Drake
Release Date: 10/24/2011   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 48   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Death and the Maiden - Shostakovich: Chamber Symphony / LSO String Ensemble
Release Date: 03/11/2016   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 786   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Arpeggione Sonata & String Quintet / Haimovitz, Golan, Miro Quartet
Release Date: 06/10/2016   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186549   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: The Symphonies / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
Release Date: 09/12/2005   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 4623232   Number of Discs: 4
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Work: Die Forelle, D 550

Browse 76-100 of 142 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Elisabeth Schumann Sings Schubert
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 63040 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schumann,  Karl Alwin,  George Reeves,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Leo Rosenek
    ArkivCD $33.99
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  • 77.
    Label: Farao   Catalog: 108033 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Joseph Breinl,  Waltraud Meier
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  • 78.
    Liszt: Liebestraum, Dante Sonata, Etc / Soerjadi
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438073 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Wibi Soerjadi
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  • 79.
    Jacqueline Du Pré - A Celebration Of Her Unique & Enduring Gift
    Label: Christopher Nupen Films   Catalog: 7 Release Date: 09/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Iris Du Pré,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Jacqueline Du Pré
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  • 80.
    Victňria Dels Angels Al Palau De La Música Catalana
    Label: Columna Musica   Catalog: 175 Release Date: 09/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Traditional,  Georges Bizet,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Victoria de los Angeles,  Manuel García Morante
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  • 81.
    Classique & Zen
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5097 Release Date: 08/28/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer,  Philippe Jaroussky,  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean-Christophe Spinosi,  Rolf Lislevand,  Howard Griffiths,  Rinaldo Alessandrini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mosaďques String Quartet,  Matheus Ensemble,  Ensemble Kapsberger
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  • 82.
    Schubert: Lieder / Arleen Auger, Lambert Orkis
    Label: Virgin Classics Veritas   Catalog: 59630 Release Date: 08/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Lambert Orkis,  Arleen Augér
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  • 83.
    Schubert: Favorite Lieder / Robert White, Graham Johnson
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 59650 Release Date: 08/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Robert White,  Graham Johnson
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  • 84.
    Schubert: Lieder / Nancy Argenta, Melvyn Tan
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54175 Release Date: 06/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Melvyn Tan,  Nancy Argenta,  Eric Hoeprich
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  • 85.
    Elena Nikolaidi - Beethoven, Brahms Haydn, Mozart, Verdi, Et Al
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10169 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Elena Nikolaidi,  Jan Behr
    Conductor:  Fausto Cleva
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  • 86.
    Grand Prix - An Die Musik - Favorite Schubert Songs / Bryn Terfel
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000874902 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Malcolm Martineau,  Bryn Terfel
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  • 87.
    Schubert: Lieder / Cheryl Studer, Irwin Gage
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 431773 Release Date: 06/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Cheryl Studer,  Irwin Gage
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  • 88.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Marian Anderson Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89678 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Marian Anderson,  Franz Rupp
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Robert Shaw Chorale Men
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  • 89.
    The Romantics Vol 8 - Schumann, Schubert / Schröder, Et Al
    Label: Musica Omnia   Catalog: 212 Release Date: 02/15/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Bucknell,  Etienne Abelin,  Enid Sutherland,  Penelope Crawford  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlantis Ensemble
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  • 90.
    Suzanne Danco Lied Edition Vol 1 - Schubert, Schumann
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10369 Release Date: 01/31/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Suzanne Danco,  Guido Agosti
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  • 91.
    Schubert: 21 Lieder / Richard King, Susan Teicher
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 856 Release Date: 07/18/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Richard King,  Susan Teicher
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  • 92.
    Thomas Quasthoff - The Voice
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000657702 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Carl Loewe,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Justus Zeyen,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Albrecht Mayer
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Baroque Soloists,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 93.
    Oh, Wie Schon Ist Deine Welt! - Schubert / Gall, Shetler
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90702 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Axelle Gall,  Norman Shetler
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  • 94.
    Schubert: Songs Without Words / Fromanger, Mishory
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7106 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gilead Mishory,  Benoît Fromanger
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  • 95.
    Schubert: Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000507702 Release Date: 12/13/2005   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 96.
    Schubert: The Complete Songs
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 44201/40 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ludwig Berger  ... 
    Performer:  Graham Johnson,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Christine Schäfer,  Michael George  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Layton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Holst Singers,  London Schubert Chorale,  New Company Singers
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  • 97.
    Schubert:
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 92765 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Edgar Meyer,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Emanuel Ax,  Rebecca Young  ... 
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  • 98.
    Schubert: Arpeggione / Gastinel, Désert
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5021 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert
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  • 99.
    Schubert: 25 Lieder / Bostridge, Drake
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 76852 Release Date: 08/02/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Julius Drake,  Ian Bostridge
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  • 100.
    Anneliese Rothenberger - Portrait II
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68795 Release Date: 03/11/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Traditional,  Robert Klaass  ... 
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Hubert Giesen,  Geraldine Graunke,  Hartmut Strebel  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Graunke,  Willy Mattes,  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graunke Symphony Orchestra,  Tölz Boys Choir,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus  ... 
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