Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: String Quintet  / Amsterdam Sinfonietta Soloists
Release Date: 09/11/2015   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 36215   Number of Discs: 1
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Grigori Sokolov: Schubert & Beethoven
Release Date: 01/29/2016   Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002436702   Number of Discs: 2
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Vivere - Haydn, Schubert, Widmann / Ragazze Quartet
Release Date: 04/09/2013   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 34613   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubertiade / Anima Eterna Brugge, Immerseel
Release Date: 01/29/2016   Label: Alpha Productions  
Catalog: 216   Number of Discs: 4
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Schubert: Die Schöne Müllerin / Jochen Kupfer, Susanne Giesa
Release Date: 04/08/2003   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 18898   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Die Forelle, D 550

Browse 51-75 of 121 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Schubert: Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau [21 CDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001431302 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 52.
    Schubert: Schwanengesang, 7 Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415188 Release Date: 04/22/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 53.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau 85th Birthday - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 56352 Release Date: 04/06/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Hugo Wolf,  Edvard Grieg,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 54.
    Schubert: Trout Quintet, 7 Lieder / Lubin, Ainsley
    Label: L'oiseau Lyre   Catalog: 433848 Release Date: 03/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  John Mark Ainsley,  Steven Lubin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of Ancient Music Chamber Ensemble
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  • 55.
    Brahms, Strauss, Wolf, Marx, Mozart, Schubert: Lieder / Irmgard Seefried
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 0598091 Release Date: 11/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Joseph Marx,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Irmgard Seefried,  Erik Werba,  Leopold Ludwig,  Viktor Graef
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  • 56.
    Schubert: Schwanengesang / Daniel Lichti
    Label: Opening Day   Catalog: 9302 Release Date: 05/04/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Janina Fialkowska,  Daniel Lichti
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  • 57.
    Christa Ludwig - Lieder Recital
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 102149 Release Date: 04/28/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler,  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Charles Spencer
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  • 58.
    Deutsche Schubert-Lied-Edition 31 - Sturm Und Drang Poets / Melzer, Wolff, Eisenlohr
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572036 Release Date: 04/28/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg
    Performer:  Caroline Melzer,  Ulrich Eisenlohr,  Konstantin Wolff
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  • 59.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gérard Souzay, Dalton Baldwin
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422418 Release Date: 01/30/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Dalton Baldwin
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  • 60.
    Twice Were Angels - The Tradition Of Boy Trebles
    Label: Griffin   Catalog: 4065 Release Date: 11/25/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Franz Schubert,  Henry Purcell,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Mark Robson,  David Pickering,  Edward Higginbottom,  Christopher Smith  ... 
    Conductor:  Donald Hunt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lichfield Cathedral Choir,  Leeds Parish Church Boys' Choir
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  • 61.
    Schubert: Arpeggione / Gastinel, Désert
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5152 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Claire Désert,  Anne Gastinel
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  • 62.
    Jussi Bjorling In Song
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1427 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Carl Sjöberg,  Johannes Brahms,  Francesco Paolo Tosti  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker
    Conductor:  Nils Grevillius
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Schubert: Ballads, Songs, Romances / Widmer, Schultsz, Etc
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 12442 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Oliver Widmer,  Jan Schultsz
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  • 64.
    Schubert: Lieder / Siegfried Lorenz, Norman Shetler
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 32792 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Siegfried Lorenz,  Norman Shetler
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  • 65.
    Vocal Series - Jussi Björling At Carnegie Hall
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60520 Release Date: 06/05/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Frederick Schauwecker,  Jussi Björling
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  • 66.
    Schubert: Lieder / Hans-Peter Blochwitz, Rudolf Jansen
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438932 Release Date: 04/18/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Rudolf Jansen,  Hans-Peter Blochwitz,  Marie-Luise Neunecker
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  • 67.
    The Art of Christa Ludwig
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 17608 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Gioachino Rossini,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf  ... 
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer,  Herbert von Karajan,  Tullio Serafin,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 68.
    Schubert: Lieder / Lorenz, Shetler
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8414 Release Date: 03/04/2008   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Norman Shetler,  Siegfried Lorenz
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  • 69.
    Label: Farao   Catalog: 108033 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Joseph Breinl,  Waltraud Meier
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  • 70.
    Liszt: Liebestraum, Dante Sonata, Etc / Soerjadi
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438073 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Wibi Soerjadi
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  • 71.
    Jacqueline Du Pré - A Celebration Of Her Unique & Enduring Gift
    Label: Christopher Nupen Films   Catalog: 7 Release Date: 09/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Iris Du Pré,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Jacqueline Du Pré
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  • 72.
    Victňria Dels Angels Al Palau De La Música Catalana
    Label: Columna Musica   Catalog: 175 Release Date: 09/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Traditional,  Georges Bizet,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Victoria de los Angeles,  Manuel García Morante
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  • 73.
    Classique & Zen
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5097 Release Date: 08/28/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer,  Philippe Jaroussky,  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean-Christophe Spinosi,  Rolf Lislevand,  Howard Griffiths,  Rinaldo Alessandrini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mosaďques String Quartet,  Matheus Ensemble,  Ensemble Kapsberger
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  • 74.
    Elena Nikolaidi - Beethoven, Brahms Haydn, Mozart, Verdi, Et Al
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10169 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Elena Nikolaidi,  Jan Behr
    Conductor:  Fausto Cleva
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 75.
    Grand Prix - An Die Musik - Favorite Schubert Songs / Bryn Terfel
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000874902 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Malcolm Martineau,  Bryn Terfel
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