Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Piano Sonatas in A Major & A Minor,
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Dux Records  
Catalog: 930   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 8; Brahms: Symphony No 3 / Davis
Release Date: 04/26/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 8043   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68034   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven:
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Idi  
Catalog: 6678   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert / Bertrand Chamayou
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Erato  
Catalog: 2564637078   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Die Forelle, D 550

Browse 51-75 of 169 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Brahms, Strauss, Wolf, Marx, Mozart, Schubert: Lieder / Irmgard Seefried
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 0598091 Release Date: 11/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Joseph Marx,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Irmgard Seefried,  Erik Werba,  Leopold Ludwig,  Viktor Graef
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  • 52.
    Yo-Yo Ma - 30 Years Outside the Box
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 752307 Release Date: 10/27/2009   Number of Discs: 90
    Composer:  Sandeep Das,  Traditional,  Kayhan Kalhor,  Zhou Long  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Gramley,  Kim Dong-Won,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Mark Suter  ... 
    Conductor:  Miguel Harth-Bedoya,  John Williams,  Ennio Morricone,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Silk Road Ensemble,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Qi Lin  ... 
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  • 53.
    Icon - Lucia Popp - Queen Of The Night, Maiden Of Light
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 98515 Release Date: 10/20/2009   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gioachino Rossini,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Leslie Pearson,  Katia Labčque,  David Briggs  ... 
    Conductor:  Georg Fischer,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Christfried Bickenbach,  Stephen Cleobury  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 54.
    Schubert: Schwanengesang / Daniel Lichti
    Label: Opening Day   Catalog: 9302 Release Date: 05/04/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Janina Fialkowska,  Daniel Lichti
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  • 55.
    Christa Ludwig - Lieder Recital
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 102149 Release Date: 04/28/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler,  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Charles Spencer
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  • 56.
    Deutsche Schubert-Lied-Edition 31 - Sturm Und Drang Poets / Melzer, Wolff, Eisenlohr
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572036 Release Date: 04/28/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg
    Performer:  Caroline Melzer,  Ulrich Eisenlohr,  Konstantin Wolff
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  • 57.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gérard Souzay, Dalton Baldwin
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422418 Release Date: 01/30/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Dalton Baldwin
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  • 58.
    Leise Flehen Meine Lieder
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 745113 Release Date: 01/20/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Bo [Baritone Vocal] Skovhus
    Conductor:  Stefan Vladar
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  • 59.
    Schubert: Lieder / Elizabeth Watts, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 732932 Release Date: 01/06/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Roger Vignoles,  Elizabeth Watts
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  • 60.
    Twice Were Angels - The Tradition Of Boy Trebles
    Label: Griffin   Catalog: 4065 Release Date: 11/25/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Franz Schubert,  Henry Purcell,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Mark Robson,  David Pickering,  Edward Higginbottom,  Christopher Smith  ... 
    Conductor:  Donald Hunt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lichfield Cathedral Choir,  Leeds Parish Church Boys' Choir
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  • 61.
    Schubert: Arpeggione / Gastinel, Désert
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5152 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Claire Désert,  Anne Gastinel
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  • 62.
    Jussi Bjorling In Song
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1427 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Carl Sjöberg,  Johannes Brahms,  Francesco Paolo Tosti  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker
    Conductor:  Nils Grevillius
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Icon - Janet Baker - The Beloved Mezzo
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 08087 Release Date: 09/02/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Gustav Mahler,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Daniel Barenboim,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Adrian Boult,  André Previn,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 64.
    Schubert: Schwanengesang D.957
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463503 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 65.
    Schubert: Ballads, Songs, Romances / Widmer, Schultsz, Etc
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 12442 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Oliver Widmer,  Jan Schultsz
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  • 66.
    Schubert: Lieder / Siegfried Lorenz, Norman Shetler
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 32792 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Siegfried Lorenz,  Norman Shetler
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  • 67.
    Schubert: String Quintet, Songs / Chilingirian Quartet, Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 28282 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Jennifer Ward Clarke
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chilingirian String Quartet
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  • 68.
    Vocal Series - Jussi Björling At Carnegie Hall
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60520 Release Date: 06/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Frederick Schauwecker,  Jussi Björling
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  • 69.
    Schubert: Lieder / Hans-Peter Blochwitz, Rudolf Jansen
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438932 Release Date: 04/18/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Rudolf Jansen,  Hans-Peter Blochwitz,  Marie-Luise Neunecker
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  • 70.
    The Art Of Christa Ludwig
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17608 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Gioachino Rossini,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf  ... 
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer,  Herbert von Karajan,  Tullio Serafin,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 71.
    Schubert: 25 Lieder
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 756897 Release Date: 03/04/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
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  • 72.
    Schubert: Lieder / Lorenz, Shetler
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8414 Release Date: 03/04/2008   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Norman Shetler,  Siegfried Lorenz
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  • 73.
    Jussi Björling In Concert
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1007 Release Date: 02/05/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henry Ernest Geehl,  Georges Bizet,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Robert Merrill,  Zinka Milanov,  Leonard Warren  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Robert Shaw Chorale
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  • 74.
    Schubert: (15) Lieder
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 562896 Release Date: 01/13/2008  
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Gervase de Peyer
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  • 75.
    Elisabeth Schumann Sings Schubert
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 63040 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schumann,  Karl Alwin,  George Reeves,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Leo Rosenek
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