Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 379563   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: The Symphonies, Rosamunde Excerpts / Barenboim, Berlin Philharmonic
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 7686162   Number of Discs: 5
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Schubert: The Late Piano Sonatas / Paul Lewis
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902165   Number of Discs: 2
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Marlboro Festival 40th Anniversary - Schubert, Mozart: Quintets
Release Date:    Label: Sony  
Catalog: 46252   Number of Discs: 1
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Mitsuko Uchida Plays Schubert
Release Date: 03/15/2005   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 000410402   Number of Discs: 8
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Work: Die Forelle, D 550

Browse 26-50 of 163 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Essential Schubert
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78158 Release Date: 02/07/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Laszlo Varga  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden,  Robert Heger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melos Ensemble London,  Chilingirian String Quartet
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  • 27.
    Best Schubert 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80429 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elmar Schloter,  Sir Philip Ledger,  Alfredo Dallapozza,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Herbert von Karajan,  Yehudi Menuhin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 28.
    Rita Streich - Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437680 Release Date: 10/17/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Rita Streich,  Erik Werba,  Heinrich Geusser,  Günther Weissenborn
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  • 29.
    Bjorling Sings At Carnegie Hall
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 7858222 Release Date: 09/20/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker
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  • 30.
    Schubert: Die Forelle
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7892622 Release Date: 08/09/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Lars Anders Tomter,  Matthew Whittall,  Benjamin Schmid
    Performer:  Jan Vogler,  Janne Saksala,  Antti Siirala,  Lars Anders Tomter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moritzburg Festival Ensemble
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  • 31.
    Invitation To A Voyage
    Label: Leandra Ramm   Catalog: 5637625610 Release Date: 08/02/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Georges Bizet,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Adrienne Ramm,  Ron Land,  Tom Szor,  Leandra Ramm
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  • 32.
    Jussi Bjorling - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 774892 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Charles Gounod,  Giacomo Puccini,  Giacomo Meyerbeer  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Robert Merrill,  Emil Markow,  Frederick Schauwecker  ... 
    Conductor:  Renato Cellini,  Nils Grevillius,  Jonel Perlea,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra,  Rome Opera House Orchestra  ... 
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  • 33.
    Schumann: Dichterliebe; Schubert: Songs / Behle, Bjelland, Miles
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5086 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Daniel Behle,  Sveinung Bjelland,  Andy Miles
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus
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  • 34.
    The Very Best Of Dietrich Fischer-dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94768 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Robert Veyron-Lacroix  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Erede,  Sir John Barbirolli,  George Szell,  Philip Ledger
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  • 35.
    The Very Best Of Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94717 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms,  Maurice Duruflé  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Timothy Hugh,  John Butt,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Philip Ledger  ... 
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  • 36.
    Maurice Andre Edition: Suites, Dances And Arrangements
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 4676062 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Traditional,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Jean-Michel Defaye  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Karius,  Gus Wallez,  Maurice André,  Guy Pedersen  ... 
    Conductor:  Claude Pichaureau,  Marc Soustrot,  François Rauber,  Claude Lagrange  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Harmonie Municipale D'alès,  Ensemble of Bologna,  Ensemble De Cuivres De Paris  ... 
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  • 37.
    Label: Biruta Grunwald (Label)   Catalog: 5637706545 Release Date: 04/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Biruta Grunwald
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  • 38.
    Icon - Elisabeth Schumann - Silver Thread Of Song
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 18480 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schumann,  Karl Alwin,  George Reeves,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Leo Rosenek,  Bruno Reibold,  Karl Alwin,  Albert Coates  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Choir,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 39.
    Icon - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Perfect Prima Donna
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18459 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  J. Edward Merret,  Harold Jackson,  Geraint Jones,  Manoug Parikian  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Gellhorn,  Otto Klemperer,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 40.
    Schubert Lied-Edition Vol 9
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 40034 Release Date: 11/22/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Erna Berger,  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Kathleen Ferrier,  Isobel Baillie  ... 
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  • 41.
    Sophie Braslau & Richard Crooks - Recordings 1914-1929
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10038 Release Date: 11/22/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gabriele Sibella,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Crooks,  Sophie Braslau,  Frances Alda
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  • 42.
    The Schubert Experience
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 680820 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Hartmut Höll,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Barbara Bonney,  Geoffrey Parsons  ... 
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Theodor Guschlbauer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Brandis String Quartet,  Arnold Schoenberg Choir  ... 
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  • 43.
    Simetra
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1301 Release Date: 10/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Astor Piazzolla,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Performer:  Trio Artemis
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  • 44.
    Schubert, Schumann: Lieder / Gerard Souzay, Jacqueline Bonneau
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 440065 Release Date: 08/20/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Jacqueline Bonneau,  Dalton Baldwin
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  • 45.
    Schubert: Lieder
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 28598 Release Date: 08/10/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Arleen Augér,  Lambert Orkis
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  • 46.
    Schubert: Lieder / Bonney, Parsons
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4680717 Release Date: 08/03/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Barbara Bonney,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 47.
    Schubert: Favorite Lieder / Gerard Souzay, Dalton Baldwin
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802012 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dalton Baldwin,  Gérard Souzay
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  • 48.
    Schubert Favorites, Including Shepherd On The Rock / Felicity Lott
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1092 Release Date: 06/15/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Felicity Lott,  Graham Johnson,  Ian Brown,  Michael Collins
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  • 49.
    Schubert: Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau [21 CDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001431302 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 50.
    Schubert: Schwanengesang, 7 Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415188 Release Date: 04/22/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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