Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert Edition
Release Date: 10/28/2014   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94870   Number of Discs: 69
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Schubert: Sonatas Nos. 17, 20, 21, Impromptus & Marche / Schnabel
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Musical Concepts  
Catalog: 3202   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert: Lieder / Appl, Johnson
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 82   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Alfonso und Estrella / Suitner, Fischer-Dieskau
Release Date: 08/23/1994   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 2156   Number of Discs: 3
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Singphonic Schubert - Complete Edition / Die Singphoniker
Release Date: 05/16/2000   Label: Cpo  
Catalog: 999659   Number of Discs: 5
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Work: Die Forelle, D 550

Browse 26-50 of 143 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Serious Songs - Brahms, Schubert, Barber / Teddy Tahu
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4764363 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Detlev Glanert,  Johannes Brahms,  Samuel Barber
    Performer:  Kristian Chong,  Teddy Tahu Rhodes [Baritone Vocals]
    Conductor:  Sebastian Lang-Lessing,  Johannes Fritzsch
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  • 27.
    Lotte Lehmann: A 125th Birthday Tribute [4-CD Set]
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 1279 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Charles Gounod,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Lotte Lehmann
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  • 28.
    Schubert: Lieder Und Balladen
    Label: Ars Produktion   Catalog: 38524 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Bernhard Renzikowski,  Clemens Morgenthaler
    CD: $18.99
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  • 29.
    Schubert: Rosamunde; Lieder
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 6055424 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Gerald Moore,  Günther Weissenborn,  Gerd Starke
    Conductor:  Robert Heger
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  • 30.
    Britten: Vocal Works
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 151642 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Henry Purcell,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Heather Harper,  Neil Mackie,  Barry Tuckwell,  Roger Vignoles  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Steuart Bedford,  Richard Armstrong,  Jeffrey Tate  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  Welsh National Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 31.
    Schubert: Arpeggione / Gastinel, Desert
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 40021 Release Date: 08/06/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert
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  • 32.
    Schubert Lieder
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1401 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Karl Hudez,  Gerald Moore
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 33.
    Sings Lieder
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1268 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
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  • 34.
    Valentina Levko - Star Of The Bolshoi
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9406 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Henry Purcell,  Alessandro Stradella,  Andrea Falconieri  ... 
    Performer:  Valentina Levko,  Mark Lubotsky,  Grigory Zinger,  Liya Mogilevskaya  ... 
    Conductor:  Adolf Bruk,  Juozas Domarkas,  Alexander Lazarev,  Kurt Masur  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra,  Moscow Philharmonic Chamber Ensemble,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $48.99
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  • 35.
    Schubert: Lieder with Orchestra / Von Otter, Quasthoff, Abbado
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001819502 Release Date: 04/02/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Thomas Quasthoff
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
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  • 36.
    Schubert: Erlkonig / Goerne, Haefliger
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902141 Release Date: 02/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Matthias Goerne,  Andreas Haefliger
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  • 37.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - Voice of the Century [23 CDs & 2 DVDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001792900 Release Date: 01/15/2013   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Daniel Barenboim,  Jörg Demus,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Karl Böhm,  Lorin Maazel,  Karl Richter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $108.49
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  • 38.
    Schubert: 21 Lieder
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 322802 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    CD: $7.99
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  • 39.
    An Die Musik - Schubert: Songs / Klaus Mertens, Tini Mathot
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72559 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Klaus Mertens,  Tini Mathot
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  • 40.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gruberova, Schmalcz
    Label: Nightingale Classics   Catalog: 652 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Edita Gruberova,  Alexander Schmalcz
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  • 41.
    A Romantic Songbook
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001697602 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Justus Zeyen
    CD: $7.99
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  • 42.
    Schubert: Lieder On Record (1898-2012) [17-CD Set]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 27575 Release Date: 07/03/2012   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Schreier,  Steven Zehr,  Thomas Hampson,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Best Of Schubert
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300340 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Norman Shetler,  Siegfried Lorenz,  Peter Rösel,  Rainer Hucke  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Schreier,  Herbert Blomstedt
    CD: $14.99
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  • 44.
    Angelic Voices: The Sound Of The Boy Treble
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1379 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaelic Traditional,  Charles Gounod,  Gabriel Fauré,  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Davey
    CD: $9.99
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  • 45.
    Best Schubert 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80429 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elmar Schloter,  Sir Philip Ledger,  Alfredo Dallapozza,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Herbert von Karajan,  Yehudi Menuhin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 46.
    Rita Streich - Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437680 Release Date: 10/17/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Rita Streich,  Erik Werba,  Heinrich Geusser,  Günther Weissenborn
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  • 47.
    Bjorling Sings At Carnegie Hall
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 7858222 Release Date: 09/20/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker
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  • 48.
    Invitation To A Voyage
    Label: Leandra Ramm   Catalog: 5637625610 Release Date: 08/02/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Georges Bizet,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Adrienne Ramm,  Ron Land,  Tom Szor,  Leandra Ramm
    CD: $15.99
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  • 49.
    Schumann: Dichterliebe; Schubert: Songs / Behle, Bjelland, Miles
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5086 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Daniel Behle,  Sveinung Bjelland,  Andy Miles
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus
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  • 50.
    The Very Best Of Dietrich Fischer-dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94768 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Robert Veyron-Lacroix  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Erede,  Sir John Barbirolli,  George Szell,  Philip Ledger
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