Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: The Symphonies / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
Release Date: 09/12/2005   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 4623232   Number of Discs: 4
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Schubert: Die Schone Mullerin / Holzmair, Parsons
Release Date: 02/03/2015   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 72   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Trio Op. 101; Schubert: Piano Trio D 929 / Sitkovetsky Trio
Release Date: 10/27/2014   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 70   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Death and the Maiden - Shostakovich: Chamber Symphony / LSO String Ensemble
Release Date: 03/11/2016   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 786   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert and his Circle - Piano Works / Todd Crow
Release Date: 10/09/2007   Label: Toccata Classics  
Catalog: 65   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Die Forelle, D 550

Browse 126-150 of 152 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Marian Anderson - Rare And Unpublished Recordings 1936-1952
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1168 Release Date: 11/30/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Liza Lehmann,  Jules Massenet,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Rupp,  Kosti Vehanen,  Marian Anderson
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  • 127.
    Lieder Von Franz Schubert In Historischen Aufnahmen
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89231 Release Date: 07/21/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Coenraad Bos,  Elena Gerhardt,  Franz Rupp,  Rosette Anday  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lasowski String Quartet
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  • 128.
    Schubert: Lieder Vol 1 / Ian Bostridge, Julius Drake
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56347 Release Date: 07/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Julius Drake
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  • 129.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Lula Mysz-gmeiner
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89159 Release Date: 07/04/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Lula Mysz-Gmeiner,  Waldemar Liachowsky
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  • 130.
    Schubert: Selected Lieder / Robert Holl, David Lutz
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 93373 Release Date: 07/04/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Robert Holl,  David Lutz
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  • 131.
    Schubert: Lieder / Janowitz, Gage
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453139 Release Date: 04/01/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz,  Irwin Gage
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  • 132.
    Erna Berger - Mozart, Schubert, Bach
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1159 Release Date: 03/10/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  Franz Schubert,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Ernst-Günther Scherzer,  Erna Berger,  Heinrich Geusser,  Horst Wilhelm  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Forster
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  St. Hedwig's Cathedral Choir
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  • 133.
    Stanford Archive Series Vol 4 / Ernestine Schumann-heink
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 5503 Release Date: 03/03/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Ronald, Landon, Sir,  John Stafford Smith,  Geoffrey O'Hara  ... 
    Performer:  Ernestine Schumann-Heink,  Katherine Hoffmann,  Geraldine Farrar,  Charles Adams Prince
    Conductor:  Rosario Bourdon
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  • 134.
    Wild Rose / Karita Mattila, Ilmo Ranta
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 897 Release Date: 01/20/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Karita Mattila,  Ilmo Ranta
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  • 135.
    Ljuba Welitsch - The Complete Columbia Recordings
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 62866 Release Date: 06/03/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss,  Joseph Marx,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Ulanowsky,  Ljuba Welitsch,  Alessio De Paolis,  Richard Tucker
    Conductor:  Max Rudolf,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
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  • 136.
    Renée Fleming - The Schubert Album / Christoph Eschenbach
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455294 Release Date: 03/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Eschenbach,  Renée Fleming
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  • 137.
    Schubert: Schwanengesang / Prey, Hokanson
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453678 Release Date: 02/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Irwin Gage,  Gundula Janowitz,  Hermann Prey,  Leonard Hokanson
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  • 138.
    Prima Voce - Schlusnus Sings Schubert Lieder
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7883 Release Date: 02/04/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Sebastian Peschko,  Franz Rupp
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  • 139.
    Elisabeth Grummer - Schubert & Brahms: Lieder;  Grieg, Verdi
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1086 Release Date: 12/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Edvard Grieg,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Gerald Moore,  Sieglinde Wagner,  Rudolf Schock
    Conductor:  Richard Kraus,  Hugo Diez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 140.
    Schubert: Lieder / Monica Groop, Rudolf Jansen
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 886 Release Date: 11/19/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Rudolf Jansen,  Monica Groop
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  • 141.
    Schubert: Die Schöne Müllerin, 3 Lieder / Wunderlich, Giesen
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447452 Release Date: 09/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hubert Giesen
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  • 142.
    Schubert: Songs without Words / Maisky, Hovora
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449817 Release Date: 09/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Daria Hovora,  Mischa Maisky
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  • 143.
    Schubert: Lieder / Russell, Hill
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553113 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Hill,  Lynda Russell,  David Campbell
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  • 144.
    Schubert: Songs To Poems By Goethe / Prégardien, Staier
    Label: Dhm Deutsche Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 77342 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Prégardien,  Andreas Staier
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  • 145.
    Schubert: The Song Cycles / Shura Gehrman, Nina Walker
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1781 Release Date: 08/08/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Shura Gehrman,  Nina Walker
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  • 146.
    Heinrich Schlusnus Liederalbum Vol 3
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89216 Release Date: 03/21/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Sebastian Peschko,  Heinrich Schlusnus
    Conductor:  Gerhard Steeger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra
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  • 147.
    The Hyperion Schubert Edition - Complete Songs Vol 21
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 33021 Release Date: 08/30/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Edith Mathis,  Graham Johnson
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  • 148.
    Label: Legacy   Catalog: 338 Release Date: 07/18/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Anonymous,  Franz Schubert,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Boys Choir of the Vienna Woods
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  • 149.
    Schubert: Lieder / Tamara Takács, Jénö Jandó
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550476 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Tamara Takács,  Jénö Jandó
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  • 150.
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32052 Release Date: 09/17/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Bernhard Flies,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Henrik Metz,  Helle Hinz
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