Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Emma Johnson & Friends: Schubert, Crusell
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: Somm  
Catalog: 156   Number of Discs: 1
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Songs By Schubert, Beethoven, Britten & Hahn / Polenzani, Drake
Release Date: 10/24/2011   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 48   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Death and the Maiden - Shostakovich: Chamber Symphony / LSO String Ensemble
Release Date: 03/11/2016   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 786   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Arpeggione Sonata & String Quintet / Haimovitz, Golan, Miro Quartet
Release Date: 06/10/2016   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186549   Number of Discs: 1
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Mendelssohn, Mozart, Schubert: String Quartets / Elias String Quartet
Release Date: 07/28/2009   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 28   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Die Forelle, D 550

Browse 126-135 of 135 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Schubert: Songs without Words / Maisky, Hovora
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449817 Release Date: 09/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Daria Hovora,  Mischa Maisky
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  • 127.
    Schubert: Lieder / Russell, Hill
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553113 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Hill,  Lynda Russell,  David Campbell
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  • 128.
    Schubert: Songs To Poems By Goethe / Prégardien, Staier
    Label: Dhm Deutsche Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 77342 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Prégardien,  Andreas Staier
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  • 129.
    Schubert: The Song Cycles / Shura Gehrman, Nina Walker
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1781 Release Date: 08/08/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Shura Gehrman,  Nina Walker
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  • 130.
    Heinrich Schlusnus Liederalbum Vol 3
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89216 Release Date: 03/21/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Sebastian Peschko,  Heinrich Schlusnus
    Conductor:  Gerhard Steeger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra
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  • 131.
    The Hyperion Schubert Edition - Complete Songs Vol 21
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 33021 Release Date: 08/30/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Edith Mathis,  Graham Johnson
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  • 132.
    Label: Legacy   Catalog: 338 Release Date: 07/18/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Anonymous,  Franz Schubert,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Boys Choir of the Vienna Woods
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  • 133.
    Schubert: Lieder / Tamara Takács, Jénö Jandó
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550476 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Tamara Takács,  Jénö Jandó
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  • 134.
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32052 Release Date: 09/17/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Bernhard Flies,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Henrik Metz,  Helle Hinz
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  • 135.
    Irmgard Seefried - Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437348 Release Date: 05/11/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Erik Werba,  Irmgard Seefried
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