Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Sonatas Nos. 17, 20, 21, Impromptus & Marche / Schnabel
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Musical Concepts  
Catalog: 3202   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert: Lieder / Appl, Johnson
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 82   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Alfonso und Estrella / Suitner, Fischer-Dieskau
Release Date: 08/23/1994   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 2156   Number of Discs: 3
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Schubert: Alfonso Und Estrella / Korsten, Mei, Werba
Release Date: 11/30/2004   Label: Dynamic  
Catalog: 451/1-2   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert: Alfonso Und Estrella / Korsten, Mei, Trost
Release Date: 11/30/2004   Label: Dynamic  
Catalog: 33451   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Die Forelle, D 550

Browse 101-125 of 143 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Schubert: Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000507702 Release Date: 12/13/2005   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 102.
    Schubert: The Complete Songs
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 44201/40 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ludwig Berger  ... 
    Performer:  Graham Johnson,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Christine Schäfer,  Michael George  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Layton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Holst Singers,  London Schubert Chorale,  New Company Singers
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  • 103.
    Schubert:
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 92765 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Edgar Meyer,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Emanuel Ax,  Rebecca Young  ... 
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  • 104.
    Schubert: Arpeggione / Gastinel, Désert
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5021 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert
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  • 105.
    Gemini - Schubert: Lieder / Baker, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 86251 Release Date: 02/15/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 106.
    Original Masters - Grace Bumbry - Early Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775250 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Grace Bumbry,  Sebastian Peschko,  Wolfgang Windgassen,  Erik Werba  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Maurice Abravanel,  Hans Löwlein,  János Kulka  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Utah Symphony Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus  ... 
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  • 107.
    The Russian Legacy - Zara Dolukhanova
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2281/84 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Alexander Dargomizhsky,  Gioachino Rossini,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Zara Dolukhanova,  Berta Kozel,  Nadezhda Kazantseva,  Anton Ossipovich Bernard  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonid Piatigorsky,  Samuel Samosud,  Alexander Kovalev,  Rudolf Barshai
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Chamber Orchestra
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  • 108.
    Schubert: 24 Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Fischer, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62773 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 109.
    Bjorling Rediscovered - Carnegie Hall Recital September 1955
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 53231 Release Date: 09/09/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Sjöberg,  Giacomo Puccini,  Francesco Paolo Tosti,  Umberto Giordano  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker
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  • 110.
    The Very Best of Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75922 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  James McCracken,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Jacques Neilz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Alberto Erede,  Rafael Kubelik,  Sir Philip Ledger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 111.
    Schubert: Lieder With Orchestra / Abbado, Von Otter, Quasthoff
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471586 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Thomas Quasthoff
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe
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  • 112.
    Classics Explained - An Introduction To Schubert:
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558075-76 Release Date: 01/21/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  István Tóth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kodály String Quartet
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  • 113.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gabriele Fontana
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90484 Release Date: 05/28/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gabriele Fontana,  György Fischer,  Peter Schmidl
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  • 114.
    The Very Best Of Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75069 Release Date: 04/09/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dame Janet Baker,  Cecil Aronowitz,  André Previn  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Philip Ledger,  André Previn,  Sir Adrian Boult  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra Chorus,  Hallé Orchestra,  Sheffield Philharmonic Chorus  ... 
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  • 115.
    Prima Voce - Marian Anderson Vol 2
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7895 Release Date: 09/04/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Jean Sibelius,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Kosti Vehanen,  Marian Anderson,  William Primrose,  Franz Rupp
    CD: $14.99
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  • 116.
    Evelyn Lear - The Art Of The Recital
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1195 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Monro,  Stephen Sondheim,  Carl Zeller,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Evelyn Lear,  Martin Katz
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  • 117.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Kirsten Flagstad Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89514 Release Date: 02/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ronald, Landon, Sir,  Richard Strauss,  Frank Bridge,  James Hotchkiss Rogers  ... 
    Performer:  Kirsten Flagstad
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 118.
    Marian Anderson - Rare And Unpublished Recordings 1936-1952
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1168 Release Date: 11/30/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Liza Lehmann,  Jules Massenet,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Rupp,  Kosti Vehanen,  Marian Anderson
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  • 119.
    Lieder Von Franz Schubert In Historischen Aufnahmen
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89231 Release Date: 07/21/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Coenraad Bos,  Elena Gerhardt,  Franz Rupp,  Rosette Anday  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lasowski String Quartet
    On sale! $40.98
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  • 120.
    Schubert: Lieder Vol 1 / Ian Bostridge, Julius Drake
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56347 Release Date: 07/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Julius Drake
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  • 121.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Lula Mysz-gmeiner
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89159 Release Date: 07/04/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Lula Mysz-Gmeiner,  Waldemar Liachowsky
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  • 122.
    Schubert: Selected Lieder / Robert Holl, David Lutz
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 93373 Release Date: 07/04/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Robert Holl,  David Lutz
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 123.
    Schubert: Lieder / Janowitz, Gage
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453139 Release Date: 04/01/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz,  Irwin Gage
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  • 124.
    Erna Berger - Mozart, Schubert, Bach
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1159 Release Date: 03/10/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  Franz Schubert,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Ernst-Günther Scherzer,  Erna Berger,  Heinrich Geusser,  Horst Wilhelm  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Forster
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  St. Hedwig's Cathedral Choir
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  • 125.
    Stanford Archive Series Vol 4 / Ernestine Schumann-heink
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 5503 Release Date: 03/03/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Ronald, Landon, Sir,  John Stafford Smith,  Geoffrey O'Hara  ... 
    Performer:  Ernestine Schumann-Heink,  Katherine Hoffmann,  Geraldine Farrar,  Charles Adams Prince
    Conductor:  Rosario Bourdon
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