Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Piano Sonatas in A Major & A Minor,
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Dux Records  
Catalog: 930   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 8; Brahms: Symphony No 3 / Davis
Release Date: 04/26/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 8043   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68034   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven:
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Idi  
Catalog: 6678   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: String Quintet, Quartettsatz  / Cypress String Quartet
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2307   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Die Forelle, D 550

Browse 101-125 of 169 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Schubert: 25 Lieder / Bostridge, Drake
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 76852 Release Date: 08/02/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Julius Drake,  Ian Bostridge
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  • 102.
    A Recital - Donizetti, Debussy, Handel / Marian Anderson
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1270 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Jean Sibelius,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Marian Anderson,  Franz Rupp,  Orchestra,  RCA Victor Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Collingwood,  Robert Shaw
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  • 103.
    Anneliese Rothenberger - Portrait II
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68795 Release Date: 03/11/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Traditional,  Robert Klaass  ... 
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Hubert Giesen,  Geraldine Graunke,  Hartmut Strebel  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Graunke,  Willy Mattes,  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graunke Symphony Orchestra,  Tölz Boys Choir,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus  ... 
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  • 104.
    Gemini - Schubert: Lieder / Baker, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 86251 Release Date: 02/15/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 105.
    Original Masters - Grace Bumbry - Early Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775250 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Grace Bumbry,  Sebastian Peschko,  Wolfgang Windgassen,  Erik Werba  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Maurice Abravanel,  Hans Löwlein,  János Kulka  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Utah Symphony Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus  ... 
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  • 106.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Marian Anderson
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89604 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Marian Anderson,  Kosti Vehanen
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  • 107.
    The Russian Legacy - Zara Dolukhanova
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2281/84 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Alexander Dargomizhsky,  Gioachino Rossini,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Zara Dolukhanova,  Berta Kozel,  Nadezhda Kazantseva,  Anton Ossipovich Bernard  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonid Piatigorsky,  Samuel Samosud,  Alexander Kovalev,  Rudolf Barshai
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Chamber Orchestra
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  • 108.
    Schubert: Lieder / Ludwig, Moore, Parsons, Peyer
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62897 Release Date: 09/07/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Geoffrey Parsons,  Christa Ludwig,  Gervase de Peyer,  Gerald Moore
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  • 109.
    Thomas Quasthoff - A Romantic Songbook
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000219202 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Justus Zeyen,  Thomas Quasthoff
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  • 110.
    Schubert: 24 Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Fischer, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62773 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 111.
    Original Masters - Rita Streich - The Viennese Nightingale
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474738 Release Date: 12/01/2003   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Otto Nicolai,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Rita Streich,  Erik Werba,  Günther Weissenborn,  Marianne Schech  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Rother,  Ferdinand Leitner,  Kurt Gaebel,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus  ... 
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  • 112.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gerard Souzay
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1313 Release Date: 11/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Jacqueline Bonneau,  Dalton Baldwin
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  • 113.
    The Artistry Of Elly Ameling
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000121702 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Antonio Carlos Jobim,  George Frideric Handel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  John Clayton,  Louis van Dijk,  Elly Ameling,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard,  Vittorio Negri,  Edo De Waart,  Antal Doráti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Berlin Chamber Orchestra,  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 114.
    Bjorling Rediscovered - Carnegie Hall Recital September 1955
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 53231 Release Date: 09/09/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Sjöberg,  Giacomo Puccini,  Francesco Paolo Tosti,  Umberto Giordano  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker
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  • 115.
    The Very Best Of Christa Ludwig
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85099 Release Date: 09/02/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Gerald Moore,  Teresa Stich-Randall  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Rudolf Kempe,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Tullio Serafin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus  ... 
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  • 116.
    The Very Best Of Lucia Popp
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85102 Release Date: 09/02/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Orff,  Gioachino Rossini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Katia Labčque,  Marielle Labčque,  David Briggs  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos,  Stephen Cleobury,  György Fischer,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Chorus,  Wandsworth School Boys' Choir  ... 
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  • 117.
    Schubert: Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Gerald Moore
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 74754 Release Date: 08/19/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 118.
    The Very Best of Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75922 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  James McCracken,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Jacques Neilz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Alberto Erede,  Rafael Kubelik,  Sir Philip Ledger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 119.
    Schubert: Lieder With Orchestra / Abbado, Von Otter, Quasthoff
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471586 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Thomas Quasthoff
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe
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  • 120.
    Schubert: Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474173 Release Date: 02/03/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 121.
    Classics Explained - An Introduction To Schubert:
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558075-76 Release Date: 01/21/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  István Tóth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kodály String Quartet
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  • 122.
    Richard Baker's Favourite Songs And Encores
    Label: Upbeat Classics   Catalog: 143 Release Date: 11/04/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gertrude Sans-Souci,  Franz Schubert,  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Cecil Armstrong Gibbs  ... 
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  • 123.
    Schubert, Schumann, Strauss: Lieder / Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 63656 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 124.
    Schubert: Lieder / Arleen Auger, Lambert Orkis
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 61457 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Lambert Orkis,  Arleen Augér
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  • 125.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gabriele Fontana
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90484 Release Date: 05/28/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gabriele Fontana,  György Fischer,  Peter Schmidl
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