Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Death and the Maiden / Kopatchinskaja, Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 10/28/2016   Label: Alpha Productions  
Catalog: 265   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: String Quartets / Doric String Quartet
Release Date: 01/20/2017   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10931   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 9; Gal: Symphony No 2 / Zehetmair, Northern Sinfonia
Release Date: 05/10/2011   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2225   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert & Schumann: Transcriptions for Clarinet & Harp / Lenaerts, Grammenos
Release Date: 11/11/2016   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 558214   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Piano Masterworks / Leonskaja
Release Date: 08/26/2016   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 556695   Number of Discs: 6
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Work: Die Forelle, D 550

Browse 101-125 of 135 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Schubert:
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 92765 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Edgar Meyer,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Emanuel Ax,  Rebecca Young  ... 
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  • 102.
    Schubert: Arpeggione / Gastinel, Désert
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5021 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert
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  • 103.
    Gemini - Schubert: Lieder / Baker, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 86251 Release Date: 02/15/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 104.
    Original Masters - Grace Bumbry - Early Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775250 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Grace Bumbry,  Sebastian Peschko,  Wolfgang Windgassen,  Erik Werba  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Maurice Abravanel,  Hans Löwlein,  János Kulka  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Utah Symphony Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus  ... 
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  • 105.
    The Russian Legacy - Zara Dolukhanova
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2281/84 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Alexander Dargomizhsky,  Gioachino Rossini,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Zara Dolukhanova,  Berta Kozel,  Nadezhda Kazantseva,  Anton Ossipovich Bernard  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonid Piatigorsky,  Samuel Samosud,  Alexander Kovalev,  Rudolf Barshai
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Chamber Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Schubert: 24 Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Fischer, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62773 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 107.
    Bjorling Rediscovered - Carnegie Hall Recital September 1955
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 53231 Release Date: 09/09/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Sjöberg,  Giacomo Puccini,  Francesco Paolo Tosti,  Umberto Giordano  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker
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  • 108.
    The Very Best of Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75922 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  James McCracken,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Jacques Neilz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Alberto Erede,  Rafael Kubelik,  Sir Philip Ledger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 109.
    Schubert: Lieder With Orchestra / Abbado, Von Otter, Quasthoff
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471586 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Thomas Quasthoff
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe
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  • 110.
    Classics Explained - An Introduction To Schubert:
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558075-76 Release Date: 01/21/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  István Tóth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kodály String Quartet
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  • 111.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gabriele Fontana
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90484 Release Date: 05/28/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gabriele Fontana,  György Fischer,  Peter Schmidl
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  • 112.
    The Very Best Of Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75069 Release Date: 04/09/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dame Janet Baker,  Cecil Aronowitz,  André Previn  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Philip Ledger,  André Previn,  Sir Adrian Boult  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra Chorus,  Hallé Orchestra,  Sheffield Philharmonic Chorus  ... 
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  • 113.
    Prima Voce - Marian Anderson Vol 2
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7895 Release Date: 09/04/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Jean Sibelius,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Kosti Vehanen,  Marian Anderson,  William Primrose,  Franz Rupp
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  • 114.
    Evelyn Lear - The Art Of The Recital
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1195 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Monro,  Stephen Sondheim,  Carl Zeller,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Evelyn Lear,  Martin Katz
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  • 115.
    Marian Anderson - Rare And Unpublished Recordings 1936-1952
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1168 Release Date: 11/30/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Liza Lehmann,  Jules Massenet,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Rupp,  Kosti Vehanen,  Marian Anderson
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  • 116.
    Schubert: Lieder Vol 1 / Ian Bostridge, Julius Drake
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56347 Release Date: 07/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Julius Drake
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  • 117.
    Schubert: Lieder / Janowitz, Gage
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453139 Release Date: 04/01/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz,  Irwin Gage
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  • 118.
    Erna Berger - Mozart, Schubert, Bach
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1159 Release Date: 03/10/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  Franz Schubert,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Ernst-Günther Scherzer,  Erna Berger,  Heinrich Geusser,  Horst Wilhelm  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Forster
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  St. Hedwig's Cathedral Choir
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  • 119.
    Stanford Archive Series Vol 4 / Ernestine Schumann-heink
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 5503 Release Date: 03/03/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Ronald, Landon, Sir,  John Stafford Smith,  Geoffrey O'Hara  ... 
    Performer:  Ernestine Schumann-Heink,  Katherine Hoffmann,  Geraldine Farrar,  Charles Adams Prince
    Conductor:  Rosario Bourdon
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  • 120.
    Wild Rose / Karita Mattila, Ilmo Ranta
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 897 Release Date: 01/20/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Karita Mattila,  Ilmo Ranta
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  • 121.
    Ljuba Welitsch - The Complete Columbia Recordings
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 62866 Release Date: 06/03/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss,  Joseph Marx,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Ulanowsky,  Ljuba Welitsch,  Alessio De Paolis,  Richard Tucker
    Conductor:  Max Rudolf,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
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  • 122.
    Renée Fleming - The Schubert Album / Christoph Eschenbach
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455294 Release Date: 03/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Eschenbach,  Renée Fleming
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  • 123.
    Schubert: Schwanengesang / Prey, Hokanson
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453678 Release Date: 02/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Irwin Gage,  Gundula Janowitz,  Hermann Prey,  Leonard Hokanson
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  • 124.
    Prima Voce - Schlusnus Sings Schubert Lieder
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7883 Release Date: 02/04/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Sebastian Peschko,  Franz Rupp
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  • 125.
    Elisabeth Grummer - Schubert & Brahms: Lieder;  Grieg, Verdi
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1086 Release Date: 12/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Edvard Grieg,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Gerald Moore,  Sieglinde Wagner,  Rudolf Schock
    Conductor:  Richard Kraus,  Hugo Diez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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