Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Emma Johnson & Friends: Schubert, Crusell
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: Somm  
Catalog: 156   Number of Discs: 1
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Songs By Schubert, Beethoven, Britten & Hahn / Polenzani, Drake
Release Date: 10/24/2011   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 48   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Death and the Maiden - Shostakovich: Chamber Symphony / LSO String Ensemble
Release Date: 03/11/2016   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 786   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Arpeggione Sonata & String Quintet / Haimovitz, Golan, Miro Quartet
Release Date: 06/10/2016   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186549   Number of Discs: 1
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Mendelssohn, Mozart, Schubert: String Quartets / Elias String Quartet
Release Date: 07/28/2009   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 28   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Die Forelle, D 550

Browse 1-25 of 135 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Schubert: Songs with Guitar Accompaniment / Sonnenschmidt, Pfeiffer, Knauss
    Label: Bayer Records   Catalog: 100389 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Kaspar Mertz
    Performer:  Rosina Sonnenschmidt,  Harald Knauss,  Thomas Pfeiffer
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  • 2.
    Schubert: Schwanengesang  / Rutherford, Asti
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 2180 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  James Rutherford,  Eugene Asti
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  • 3.
    Great Moments at Carnegie Hall
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 503227 Release Date: 04/29/2016   Number of Discs: 43
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Roy Harris,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz,  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker,  Van Cliburn  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Serge Koussevitzky,  Bruno Walter,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
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  • 4.
    Jussi Bjorling: Copenhagen Concert
    Label: Jsp Records   Catalog: 682 Release Date: 04/29/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Liszt,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Bertil Bokstedt,  Jussi Björling
    Conductor:  Howard Barlow
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  • 5.
    Schumann: Dichterliebe - Beethoven & Schubert: Lieder / Wunderlich, Giesen [Vinyl]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B002462501 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hubert Giesen
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  • 6.
    Widmungen: Works of Schubert, Liszt, Schumann & Godowsky / Vilmar, Youn
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 16416 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  William Youn,  Isabelle Catherine Vilmar
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  • 7.
    Schubert: Songs for Voice & Guitar / Huntley, Franke
    Label: Quartz Records   Catalog: 2115 Release Date: 04/01/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jens Franke,  Anna Huntley
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  • 8.
    Deutsche Grammophon: The Mono Era (1948-1957)
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002457272 Release Date: 03/18/2016   Number of Discs: 51
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Stefan Askenase,  Shura Cherkassky,  Halina Czerny-Stefanska,  Basile Bolotine  ... 
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl,  Karl Böhm,  Serge Jaroff,  Leopold Ludwig  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amadeus Quartet,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $139.99
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  • 9.
    Nacht und Traume / Gijsbertsen, Beenhouwer
    Label: Phaedra   Catalog: 292032 Release Date: 02/05/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Gijsbertsen,  Jozef de Beenhouwer
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  • 10.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf: The Complete Recitals 1952-74
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 553028 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 31
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Anny Felbermayer,  Josef Metternich  ... 
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Otto Ackermann,  Lovro von Matacic,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Philharmonia Chorus  ... 
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  • 11.
    Radu Lupu: Complete Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002402202 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 28
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Radu Lupu,  Vincent Zarzo,  Han de Vries,  George Pieterson  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Lawrence Foster,  Uri Segal,  Edo De Waart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $78.99
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  • 12.
    Schubert Lieder: Nacht und Traume / Tynan, Burnside
    Label: Delphian   Catalog: 34165 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ailish Tynan,  Iain Burnside
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  • 13.
    The Florilegium Series - Classical & Early Romantic
    Label: L'oiseau Lyre   Catalog: 002386502 Release Date: 10/15/2015   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Luigi Boccherini,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Domenico Cimarosa  ... 
    Performer:  Alan Hacker,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson,  Emma Kirkby,  Michael George  ... 
    Conductor:  Christopher Hogwood,  Simon Preston,  Alan Hacker,  Arnold Östman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of Ancient Music,  The Music Party,  Oxford New College Choir  ... 
    CD: $148.49
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  • 14.
    Yo-Yo Ma: The Classical Cello Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 513074 Release Date: 10/02/2015   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Luigi Boccherini,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma,  Ton Koopman,  Emanuel Ax,  Edgar Meyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Ton Koopman,  Claudio Abbado,  Kurt Masur,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  ORTF National Orchestra  ... 
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  • 15.
    Steps Through The Centuries
    Label: Odradek   Catalog: 310 Release Date: 08/07/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Rota,  Fritz Kreisler,  Samuel Barber,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Alejandro Pico-Leonis,  Yury Revich,  Bibiana Nwobilo,  Olga Filippova
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  • 16.
    Schubert / Abbado
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002347202 Release Date: 07/31/2015   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Thomas Quasthoff,  Barbara Bonney,  Andreas Schmidt  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Ernst Senff Chamber Choir,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung  ... 
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  • 17.
    Schubert: Lieder Vol 2 / Ian Bostridge
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 77 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Julius Drake
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  • 18.
    The Singing Oboe
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1514 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Andrew Parker,  Alan Huckleberry
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  • 19.
    Schubert / Hulshoff, Frolich
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 1818 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Alexander Hülshoff,  Andreas Frölich
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  • 20.
    Oh! Quand Je Dors... / Ekaterina Gavrilova
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3391 Release Date: 04/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss,  Robert Schumann,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Ekaterina Gavrilova,  Yuliya Lytkina
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  • 21.
    Romantique / Anne Gastinel
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5387 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  François-Frédéric Guy,  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert
    Conductor:  Louis Langrée
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ličge Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $34.99
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  • 22.
    Notturno: The Timeless Music Of Schubert
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4765327 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
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  • 23.
    Schubert Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94870 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 69
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Suzanne Lautenbacher,  György Pauk,  Peter Frankl,  Walter Hautzig  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Jörg Faerber,  Andreas Weiser,  Romano Gandolfi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra,  Bell'Arte Trio  ... 
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  • 24.
    The Originals - Legendary Recordings from DG
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002171502 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Pierre Fournier,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  David Oistrakh,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Franz Konwitschny,  Carlos Kleiber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 25.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau: 3 Classic Albums [Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002093302 Release Date: 07/15/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    CD: $21.99
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