Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Piano Sonatas in A Major & A Minor,
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Dux Records  
Catalog: 930   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 8; Brahms: Symphony No 3 / Davis
Release Date: 04/26/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 8043   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68034   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven:
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Idi  
Catalog: 6678   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Works For Solo Piano, Vol. 1 / Barry Douglas
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10807   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Die Forelle, D 550

Browse 1-25 of 168 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau: 3 Classic Albums [Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002093302 Release Date: 07/15/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 2.
    Schubert: Lieder Und Balladen
    Label: Ars Produktion   Catalog: 38524 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Bernhard Renzikowski,  Clemens Morgenthaler
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  • 3.
    Schubert: Rosamunde; Lieder
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 6055424 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger
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  • 4.
    Britten: Vocal Works
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 151642 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Henry Purcell,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Heather Harper,  Neil Mackie,  Barry Tuckwell,  Roger Vignoles  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Steuart Bedford,  Richard Armstrong,  Jeffrey Tate  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  Welsh National Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 5.
    Schubert: Arpeggione / Gastinel, Desert
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 40021 Release Date: 08/06/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert
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  • 6.
    Schubert Lieder
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1401 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Karl Hudez,  Gerald Moore
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 7.
    Sings Lieder
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1268 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
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  • 8.
    Valentina Levko - Star Of The Bolshoi
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9406 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Henry Purcell,  Alessandro Stradella,  Andrea Falconieri  ... 
    Performer:  Valentina Levko,  Mark Lubotsky,  Grigory Zinger,  Liya Mogilevskaya  ... 
    Conductor:  Adolf Bruk,  Juozas Domarkas,  Alexander Lazarev,  Kurt Masur  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra,  Moscow Philharmonic Chamber Ensemble,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 9.
    Label: Bel Age   Catalog: 7702490 Release Date: 05/03/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Spoken Word,  Franz Schubert,  Hugo Wolf,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Ernest Lush,  Elisabeth [Lyric Soprano] Schumann,  Gerald Moore,  George Reeves
    Conductor:  Henry Wood,  Lawrence Collingwood
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  • 10.
    Schubert: Lieder With Orchestra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001819502 Release Date: 04/02/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Thomas Quasthoff
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
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  • 11.
    Schubert: Erlkonig / Goerne, Haefliger
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902141 Release Date: 02/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Matthias Goerne,  Andreas Haefliger
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  • 12.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - Voice Of The Century [23 CDs & 2 DVDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001792900 Release Date: 01/15/2013   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Daniel Barenboim,  Jörg Demus,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Karl Böhm,  Lorin Maazel,  Karl Richter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $124.98
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  • 13.
    Liederreise - Songs Of Schubert & Brahms  / Kirchschlager, Lehrbaumer
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90809 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Lehrbaumer,  Angelika [Mezzo-Soprano Vocal] Kirchschlager
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  • 14.
    Schubert: 21 Lieder
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 322802 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 15.
    Label: Farao   Catalog: B108033 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Joseph Breinl,  Waltraud Meier
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  • 16.
    Philips Original Jackets Collection  [55-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001767702 Release Date: 12/04/2012   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elisabeth Unger,  Claudio Arrau,  Thomas Zehetmair  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Bernard Haitink,  Frans Brüggen,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
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  • 17.
    An Die Musik - Schubert: Songs / Klaus Mertens, Tini Mathot
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72559 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Klaus Mertens,  Tini Mathot
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  • 18.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gruberova, Schmalcz
    Label: Nightingale Classics   Catalog: 652 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Edita Gruberova,  Alexander Schmalcz
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  • 19.
    A Romantic Songbook
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001697602 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Justus Zeyen,  Thomas Quasthoff
    CD: $12.99
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  • 20.
    Schubert: Lieder On Record (1898-2012) [17-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 27575 Release Date: 07/03/2012   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Schreier,  Steven Zehr,  Thomas Hampson,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    On sale! $67.98
    CD: $58.99
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  • 21.
    Schubert: Partsongs, Lieder / Danco, Tear, Halsey, Elizabethan Singers
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4802157 Release Date: 07/03/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Partridge,  Shirley Minty,  April Cantelo,  Viola Tunnard  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Halsey
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Elizabethan Singers
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  • 22.
    Best Of Schubert
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300340 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Norman Shetler,  Siegfried Lorenz,  Peter Rösel,  Rainer Hucke  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Schreier,  Herbert Blomstedt
    CD: $14.99
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  • 23.
    Angelic Voices: The Sound Of The Boy Treble
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1379 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaelic Traditional,  Charles Gounod,  Gabriel Fauré,  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Davey
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  • 24.
    Essential Schubert
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78158 Release Date: 02/07/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Laszlo Varga  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden,  Robert Heger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melos Ensemble London,  Chilingirian String Quartet
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  • 25.
    Best Schubert 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80429 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elmar Schloter,  Sir Philip Ledger,  Alfredo Dallapozza,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Herbert von Karajan,  Yehudi Menuhin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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