Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Complete Works For Violin & Piano / Julia Fischer
Release Date: 10/14/2014   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 186519   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert: Chamber Works / Little, Lane
Release Date: 04/28/2015   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 108502   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert: Piano Trios No 1 & 2 / Storioni Trio Amsterdam
Release Date: 03/27/2007   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186050   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: String Quartets
Release Date: 09/25/2012   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10737   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Schwanengesang  / Rutherford, Asti
Release Date: 05/13/2016   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2180   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Heidenröslein

Browse 76-99 of 99 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    The Very Best of Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75922 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  James McCracken,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Jacques Neilz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Alberto Erede,  Rafael Kubelik,  Sir Philip Ledger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 77.
    Schubert: Die schöne Müllerin, etc / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453676 Release Date: 11/06/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 78.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gabriele Fontana
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90484 Release Date: 05/28/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gabriele Fontana,  György Fischer,  Peter Schmidl
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  • 79.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Erna Berger Vol 3
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89537 Release Date: 10/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Erna Berger,  George Schick,  David Oppenheim,  Oscar Shumsky
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Arleen Augér - Gluck, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 509011 Release Date: 04/24/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Erik Werba,  Arleen Augér
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  • 81.
    Heinrich Schlusnus - The Rare Swiss Recordings
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90401 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Toubert,  S.H. Eyssen,  Hugo Wolf,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Sebastian Peschko,  Heinrich Schlusnus
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  • 82.
    Deutsche Schubert-Lied-Edition 3 - Goethe Lieder Vol 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554665 Release Date: 01/25/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Stefan Laux,  Ulf Bästlein
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  • 83.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Lilli Lehmann
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89185 Release Date: 10/05/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Baptiste Fauré,  Franz Schubert,  Friedrich August Bungert,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Lilli Lehmann
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  • 84.
    Schubert: Goethe-Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Demus, Moore
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457747 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jörg Demus
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  • 85.
    Wayfaring Stranger / Susanne Mentzer, Sharon Isbin
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 23419 Release Date: 10/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Traditional,  Franz Schubert,  Joaquin Rodrigo  ... 
    Performer:  Susanne Mentzer,  Sharon Isbin
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  • 86.
    Lieder Von Franz Schubert In Historischen Aufnahmen
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89231 Release Date: 07/21/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Coenraad Bos,  Elena Gerhardt,  Franz Rupp,  Rosette Anday  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lasowski String Quartet
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  • 87.
    Schubert: Selected Lieder / Robert Holl, David Lutz
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 93373 Release Date: 07/04/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Robert Holl,  David Lutz
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  • 88.
    Mattiwilda Dobbs - Arias & Songs
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1137 Release Date: 03/10/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ernest Chausson,  Reynaldo Hahn,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Mattiwilda Dobbs,  Rolando Panerai
    Conductor:  Alceo Galliera
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Wild Rose / Karita Mattila, Ilmo Ranta
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 897 Release Date: 01/20/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Karita Mattila,  Ilmo Ranta
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  • 90.
    Schubert: Goethe Lieder / Goerne, Haefliger
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 452917 Release Date: 08/12/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Andreas Haefliger,  Matthias Goerne
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  • 91.
    Renée Fleming - The Schubert Album / Christoph Eschenbach
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455294 Release Date: 03/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Eschenbach,  Renée Fleming
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  • 92.
    Schubert: Die Schöne Müllerin, 3 Lieder / Wunderlich, Giesen
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447452 Release Date: 09/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hubert Giesen
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  • 93.
    Schubert: Songs without Words / Maisky, Hovora
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449817 Release Date: 09/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Daria Hovora,  Mischa Maisky
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  • 94.
    Schubert: Songs To Poems By Goethe / Prégardien, Staier
    Label: Dhm Deutsche Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 77342 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Prégardien,  Andreas Staier
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  • 95.
    Irmgard Seefried - Mozart, Flies, Brahms, Schubert, Wolf
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1026 Release Date: 02/14/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Hugo Wolf,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Hermann von Nordberg,  Irmgard Seefried,  Gerald Moore,  Wilhelm Schmidt
    Conductor:  Harry Blech
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Mozart Players
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  • 96.
    Mozart, Beethoven, Et Al: Goethe-lieder / Seefried, Werba
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 297921 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Irmgard Seefried,  Erik Werba
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  • 97.
    Schubert: Lieder / Tamara Takács, Jénö Jandó
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550476 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Tamara Takács,  Jénö Jandó
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  • 98.
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32052 Release Date: 09/17/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Bernhard Flies,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Henrik Metz,  Helle Hinz
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  • 99.
    Schubert, Wolf: Songs / Jan DeGaetani, Gilbert Kalish
    Label: Nonesuch   Catalog: 79263 Release Date: 01/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gilbert Kalish,  Jan DeGaetani
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