Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Piano Sonatas in A Major & A Minor,
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Dux Records  
Catalog: 930   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68034   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Wanderer Fantasie / Matthias Kirschnereit
Release Date: 03/13/2012   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 300302   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Der Wanderer / Florian Boesch
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68010   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert / Bertrand Chamayou
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Erato  
Catalog: 2564637078   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Heidenröslein

Browse 76-100 of 126 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Schubert: The Complete Songs
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 44201/40 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ludwig Berger  ... 
    Performer:  Graham Johnson,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Christine Schäfer,  Michael George  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Layton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Holst Singers,  London Schubert Chorale,  New Company Singers
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  • 77.
    Best Of Aled Jones
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 81341 Release Date: 10/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Charles Gounod,  George Frideric Handel,  Tommaso Giordani  ... 
    Performer:  Aled Jones
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  • 78.
    Art Of Gerard Souzay
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4312 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Gabriel Fauré,  Henri Duparc,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay
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  • 79.
    Schubert: 25 Lieder / Bostridge, Drake
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 76852 Release Date: 08/02/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Julius Drake,  Ian Bostridge
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  • 80.
    Gemini - Schubert: Lieder / Baker, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 86251 Release Date: 02/15/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 81.
    Thomas Quasthoff - A Romantic Songbook
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000219202 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Justus Zeyen,  Thomas Quasthoff
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  • 82.
    Schubert: 24 Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Fischer, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62773 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 83.
    Original Masters - Rita Streich - The Viennese Nightingale
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474738 Release Date: 12/01/2003   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Otto Nicolai,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Rita Streich,  Erik Werba,  Günther Weissenborn,  Marianne Schech  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Rother,  Ferdinand Leitner,  Kurt Gaebel,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus  ... 
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  • 84.
    Geraldine Farrar - Berlin G&Ts 1904-1906, etc
    Label: Marston   Catalog: 52040 Release Date: 11/01/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Franz,  Henry Trotère,  James L. Molloy  ... 
    Performer:  Geraldine Farrar,  Claude Gonvierre,  Karl Jörn,  Wilhelm Grüning
    Conductor:  Walter Damrosch
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  • 85.
    The Artistry Of Elly Ameling
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000121702 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Antonio Carlos Jobim,  George Frideric Handel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  John Clayton,  Louis van Dijk,  Elly Ameling,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard,  Vittorio Negri,  Edo De Waart,  Antal Doráti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Berlin Chamber Orchestra,  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 86.
    Malena Ernman - My Love
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 5020 Release Date: 10/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bo Nilsson,  Nils Lindberg,  Edward "Duke" Ellington,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Magnus Lindgren,  Malena Ernman,  Mats Bergström,  Hans Backenroth
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  • 87.
    Schubert: Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Gerald Moore
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 74754 Release Date: 08/19/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 88.
    The Very Best of Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75922 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  James McCracken,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Jacques Neilz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Alberto Erede,  Rafael Kubelik,  Sir Philip Ledger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 89.
    Schubert: Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474173 Release Date: 02/03/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 90.
    Schubert: Die schöne Müllerin, etc / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453676 Release Date: 11/06/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 91.
    Schubert, Schumann, Strauss: Lieder / Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 63656 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 92.
    Schubert: Lieder / Arleen Auger, Lambert Orkis
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 61457 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Lambert Orkis,  Arleen Augér
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  • 93.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gabriele Fontana
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90484 Release Date: 05/28/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gabriele Fontana,  György Fischer,  Peter Schmidl
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  • 94.
    The Very Best Of Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75069 Release Date: 04/09/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dame Janet Baker,  Cecil Aronowitz,  André Previn  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Philip Ledger,  André Previn,  Sir Adrian Boult  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra Chorus,  Hallé Orchestra,  Sheffield Philharmonic Chorus  ... 
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  • 95.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Erna Berger Vol 3
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89537 Release Date: 10/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Erna Berger,  George Schick,  David Oppenheim,  Oscar Shumsky
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Arleen Augér - Gluck, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 509011 Release Date: 04/24/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Erik Werba,  Arleen Augér
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  • 97.
    Heinrich Schlusnus - The Rare Swiss Recordings
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90401 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Toubert,  S.H. Eyssen,  Hugo Wolf,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Sebastian Peschko,  Heinrich Schlusnus
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  • 98.
    Deutsche Schubert-Lied-Edition 3 - Goethe Lieder Vol 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554665 Release Date: 01/25/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Stefan Laux,  Ulf Bästlein
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  • 99.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Lilli Lehmann
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89185 Release Date: 10/05/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Baptiste Fauré,  Franz Schubert,  Friedrich August Bungert,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Lilli Lehmann
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  • 100.
    Schubert: Goethe-Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Demus, Moore
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457747 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jörg Demus
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