Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Piano Sonatas in A Major & A Minor,
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Dux Records  
Catalog: 930   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 8; Brahms: Symphony No 3 / Davis
Release Date: 04/26/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 8043   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68034   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven:
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Idi  
Catalog: 6678   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: String Quintet, Quartettsatz  / Cypress String Quartet
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2307   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Heidenröslein

Browse 51-75 of 125 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Greatest Works - Schubert / Schreier, Boskovsky, Lorenz, Auger, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 184332 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Eric Schneider,  Christiane Oelze,  Peter Schreier,  Walter Olbertz  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Schreier,  Willi Boskovsky,  Jörg-Peter Weigle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Berlin Radio Music School Orchestra
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  • 52.
    On The Wings Of Song / Elly Ameling, Rudolf Jansen
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422333 Release Date: 08/05/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Kosaku Yamada,  Maurice Ravel,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Rudolf Jansen,  Elly Ameling,  Michel Dispa
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  • 53.
    Goethe-Lieder / Christiane Oelze
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1331 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Alexander von Zemlinsky,  Anton Webern,  Hugo Wolf
    Performer:  Christiane Oelze,  Eric Schneider
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  • 54.
    Schubert, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Schumann: Lieder / Schreier
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 91382 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Walter Olbertz,  Peter Schreier,  Norman Shetler
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  • 55.
    Schubert: Ballads, Songs, Romances / Widmer, Schultsz, Etc
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 12442 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Oliver Widmer,  Jan Schultsz
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  • 56.
    Schubert: String Quintet, Songs / Chilingirian Quartet, Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 28282 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Jennifer Ward Clarke
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chilingirian String Quartet
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  • 57.
    Classic Feeling - Schubert Meisterwerke
    Label: Delta Ent.   Catalog: 772851 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
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  • 58.
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 774789 Release Date: 03/04/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler,  Robert Schumann  ... 
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  • 59.
    Schubert: 25 Lieder
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 756897 Release Date: 03/04/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
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  • 60.
    Schubert: Lieder / Lorenz, Shetler
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8414 Release Date: 03/04/2008   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Norman Shetler,  Siegfried Lorenz
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  • 61.
    Ervin Nyiregyhazi In Performance - 1972-1982
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 1202 Release Date: 12/11/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexander Scriabin,  Franz Schubert,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Ervin Nyiregyhazi
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  • 62.
    Elisabeth Schumann Sings Schubert
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 63040 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schumann,  Karl Alwin,  George Reeves,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Leo Rosenek
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  • 63.
    Schubert Recital / Simon Keenlyside, Malcolm Martineau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65234 Release Date: 10/31/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Simon Keenlyside,  Malcolm Martineau
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  • 64.
    Schubert Lied-Edition Vol 3
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 40028 Release Date: 10/22/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schumann,  Josef von Manowarda,  Ninon Vallin,  Feodor Chaliapin  ... 
    Conductor:  Piero Coppola
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Schubert, Schumann: Lieder / Hermann Prey, Karl Engel
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 436203 Release Date: 09/17/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Karl Engel
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  • 66.
    Schubert: Lieder / Arleen Auger, Lambert Orkis
    Label: Virgin Classics Veritas   Catalog: 59630 Release Date: 08/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Lambert Orkis,  Arleen Augér
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  • 67.
    Grand Prix - An Die Musik - Favorite Schubert Songs / Bryn Terfel
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000874902 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Malcolm Martineau,  Bryn Terfel
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  • 68.
    Schubert: Lieder Vol 2 / Hendricks, Lupu, Meyer, Schneider
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54239 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Barbara Hendricks,  Radu Lupu,  Bruno Schneider,  Sabine Meyer
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  • 69.
    Label: Octave, Les Productions   Catalog: 23326 Release Date: 03/22/2007   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  François Couperin,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Schneiderhan,  Marcelle Meyer,  Andrés Segovia,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Baumgartner,  Eduard Van Beinum,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Wilhelm Furtwängler  ... 
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  • 70.
    Elisabeth Schwazkopf - 1915-2006
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80273 Release Date: 01/16/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Walter Gieseking  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Walter Gieseking  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Alceo Galliera,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
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  • 71.
    Weekend Classics - A Schubert Weekend
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000769402 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Alois Posch,  James Levine,  Wolfram Christ,  Gerhart Hetzel  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Ion Marin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Schubert: 21 Lieder / Richard King, Susan Teicher
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 856 Release Date: 07/18/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Richard King,  Susan Teicher
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  • 73.
    Thomas Quasthoff - The Voice
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000657702 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Carl Loewe,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Justus Zeyen,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Albrecht Mayer
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Baroque Soloists,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 74.
    Peter Schreier - Legendary Recordings
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 2852 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Heinrich Schütz,  Peter Cornelius,  Rudolf Mauersberger  ... 
    Performer:  Hans Otto,  Peter Schreier,  Anton Spieler,  Karl-Dietfried Adam  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Mauersberger,  Otmar Suitner,  Bernhard Klee,  Siegfried Kurz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra members,  Dresden Kreuz Choir,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 75.
    Victoria De Los Angeles - Live In Recital
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1246 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alessandro Scarlatti,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  George Frideric Handel,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Victoria de los Angeles,  Miguel Zanetti
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