Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Alfonso und Estrella / Schreier, Mathis, Prey, Suitner
Release Date: 11/19/2013   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94689   Number of Discs: 3
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Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68034   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphonies No 3-5 /  Thomas Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1786   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 379563   Number of Discs: 1
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Mozart: Divertimento K 563; Schubert: String Trio / Trio Zimmermann
Release Date: 12/21/2010   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1817   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Unfinished Symphony

Browse 26-50 of 211 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Schubert: Symphony No. 8, Johann & Josef Strauss / Bohm, Wiener Philharmoniker [Japan]
    Label: Universal   Catalog: 0573869 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Wiener Philharmoniker Symphony Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001797302 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Hanna Schwarz,  René Kollo,  Kurt Moll  ... 
    Conductor:  James Levine,  Karl Böhm,  Leonard Bernstein,  John Eliot Gardiner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Monteverdi Choir  ... 
    CD: $163.49
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  • 28.
    Schubert: Late Symphonies / Schaller, Philharmonie Festiva
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 12062 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Gerd Schaller
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonie Festiva
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  • 29.
    Monumental Karajan!
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 232892 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Karlheinz Zöller
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 30.
    Schubert: Symphony no 8; Johann Strauss, Josef Strauss / Karajan, Vienna PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439104 Release Date: 12/05/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Schubert: The Complete Symphonies  / Van Immerseel, Anima Eterna Brugge
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 308 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Jos van Immerseel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anima Eterna Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Romantic Symphonies & Overtures / Otto Klemperer
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 404309 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Antonín Dvorák,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Heather Harper
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Schubert: Symphonies Nos. 8 & 9 / Halasz, Budapest 	Failoni Orchestra, Slovak Philharmonic
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572939 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Failoni Orchestra Budapest,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 34.
    Georg Solti: 100th Anniversary Edition - 3 DVD
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2087898 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
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  • 35.
    Schubert: Complete Symphonies / Minkowski, Musiciens Du Louvre Grenoble
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5299 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Marc Minkowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Musiciens du Louvre
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  • 36.
    Schubert: Famous Symphonies / Zender, SWR Symphony Orchestra Baden-Baden & Freiburg
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 94611 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Hans Zender
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Schubert: Symphonies No 6 & 8 / Herreweghe
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186446 Release Date: 08/28/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Philippe Herreweghe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Flemish Philharmonic
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  • 38.
    Arturo Toscanini - The Complete RCA Collection [84 CDs + DVD]
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 791631 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 85
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Eileen Farrell,  Nan Merriman,  Jan Peerce,  Norman Scott  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Robert Shaw Chorale,  NBC Symphony Chorus  ... 
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  • 39.
    Charles Munch Conducts Romantic Masterworks
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 7826732 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Gary Graffman,  Artur Rubinstein,  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 40.
    The Art Of Giuseppe Sinopoli - Orchestral Works
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 1986056 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 16
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Alan Titus,  Thomas Moser,  Felicity Palmer,  Solveig Kringelborn  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 41.
    Great Czech Conductors - Karel Sejna
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4081 Release Date: 05/15/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Maria Tauberova
    Conductor:  Karel Sejna
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $22.49
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  • 42.
    Great Romantic Symphonies
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501057 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Sidney Green,  Imrich Szabo
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Alexander Rahbari,  Antoni Wit,  Reinhard Seifried  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Failoni Orchestra Budapest,  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 43.
    A Second Of Silence
    Label: Ancalagon   Catalog: 137 Release Date: 04/03/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie,  Philip Glass,  Franz Schubert,  Morton Feldman
    Conductor:  Eric Jacobsen
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  • 44.
    Schubert: Symphonies No 8 &   9 / Karajan
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 6783052 Release Date: 03/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Schubert:  Unfinished Symphony, Polonaise, Konzertstuck / Zinman, Janke, Tonhalle Orchestra
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 7953352 Release Date: 03/20/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Andreas Janke
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra
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  • 46.
    Icon - Bruno Walter: The Early Years
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 6790262 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Bruno Walter,  Lauritz Melchior,  Alfred Jerger,  Emanuel List  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  British Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
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  • 47.
    Icon - Guido Cantelli: Fiery Angel Of The Podium
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog:  6790432 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Dennis Brain
    Conductor:  Guido Cantelli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra  ... 
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  • 48.
    Schubert: Symphony No 8, Rosamunde Excerpts / Barenboim, Berlin
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7714392 Release Date: 02/21/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Schubert: Symphonies Nos 1 & 8 / Muti, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 7317142 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Edition Wilhelm Furtwangler [14 LP set]
    Label: Audite   Catalog: AUD87101 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Anton Bruckner,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    LP: $349.99
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