Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: The Symphonies / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
Release Date: 09/12/2005   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 4623232   Number of Discs: 4
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Schubert: Song Cycles / Nathalie Stutzmann [3-CD Set]
Release Date: 01/27/2015   Label: Erato  
Catalog: 623701   Number of Discs: 3
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Schubert: Complete String Quartets, Vol. 6 / Diogenes Quartet
Release Date: 06/24/2016   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94467   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Unfinished Symphony

Browse 26-50 of 180 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Complete Orchestral Recordings on DG / Carlos Kleiber
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002131960 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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    CD: $61.49
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  • 27.
    Ferenc Fricsay: Complete DG Recordings, Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002132602 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 45
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Tibor Varga,  Helmut Krebs,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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    On sale! $175.98
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  • 28.
    Vaclav Neumann: Early Recordings, 1953-1968
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4133 Release Date: 08/12/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Edvard Grieg,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Albert Roussel  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Chuchro,  Vera Soukupová,  Yvonne Loriod
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra,  Film Symphony Orchestra,  Brno Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $56.98
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  • 29.
    Great Recordings / Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002093802 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  David Bell,  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Krystian Zimerman,  Jard Van Nes  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Claudio Abbado,  Simon Rattle,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ernst Senff Chamber Choir
    CD: $39.99
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  • 30.
    100 Great Symphonies
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002054602 Release Date: 06/03/2014   Number of Discs: 56
    Composer:  Giovanni Battista Sammartini,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf,  Johann Christian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Hanna Schwarz,  René Kollo,  Kurt Moll  ... 
    Conductor:  Kevin Mallon,  Christopher Hogwood,  Thomas Füri,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Aradia Ensemble,  Academy of Ancient Music,  Camerata Bern  ... 
    CD: $245.99
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  • 31.
    Willem Mengelberg Conducts Franz Schubert
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 9109 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Gaspar Cassadó,  Emil Von Sauer
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
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  • 32.
    Karajan 1951-1960: Mozart, Schubert, Brahms, Strauss, Wagner
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633623 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Carlo Maria Giulini Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Idi   Catalog: 6676 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  César Franck,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
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  • 34.
    Schubert: Unfinished Symphony; Beethoven: Symphony No 2; Wagner: Siegfried Idyll / Abbado
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95627 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
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  • 35.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection, Vol. 1
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 541497 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Jacques Ibert,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Berj Zamkochian,  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Arthur Fiedler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  New England Conservatory Alumni Chorus  ... 
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    On sale! $125.98
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  • 36.
    Sir Colin Davis - The Complete RCA Legacy
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 300607 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 51
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Jan-Hendrik Rootering,  Barbara Fleckenstein,  Ben Heppner,  Heinrich Weber  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus  ... 
    CD: $115.49
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  • 37.
    The Great Recordings / Malcolm Sargent [18-CD Set]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 634121 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 18
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Sir William Walton,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Gustav Holst  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Lewis,  John [baritone (50s)] Cameron,  James Milligan,  Duncan Robertson  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Huddersfield Choral Society,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $64.49
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  • 38.
    Schubert: The Symphonies, Rosamunde Excerpts / Barenboim, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7686162 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Decca Sound - The Analogue Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001934702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 54
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Anton Bruckner,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Pascal Rogé,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Marilyn Horne,  Luciano Pavarotti  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Sir Georg Solti,  Bernard Haitink,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $181.49
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  • 40.
    Schubert: Complete Symphonies / Blomstedt, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94693 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 41.
    Britten The Performer - Complete Decca Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001922102 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 27
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Henry Purcell,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Adrian Thompson,  John Tobin,  Jenny Hill,  Robert Tear  ... 
    Conductor:  Benjamin Britten
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Wandsworth School Boys' Choir,  Wandsworth School Choir  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 42.
    Fritz Reiner - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 370198 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 63
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Rolf Liebermann,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Jascha Heifetz,  Emil Gilels,  Inge Borkh  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus,  Studio Orchestra
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    On sale! $199.98
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  • 43.
    Bernard Haitink - The Philips Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001903502 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  Herman Krebbers,  Menahem Pressler,  Isidore Cohen  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio  ... 
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    On sale! $79.98
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  • 44.
    Schubert: Symphony no 8
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 9061 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Anton Bruckner
    Conductor:  Günter Wand
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin
    CD: $34.99
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  • 45.
    Sir Colin Davis - Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 13032 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Hector Berlioz,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Keith Ikaia-Purdy,  Ute Selbig
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Dresden Singakademie,  Dresden State Opera Chorus
    CD: $78.99
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  • 46.
    Schubert: The Symphonies / Maazel, Bavarian Radio
    Label: Br Klassik   Catalog: 900712 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No. 6; Schubert: Symphony No. 8 / Melik-pashaev, Bolshoi
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002072 Release Date: 04/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Alexander Melik-Pashayev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 48.
    Schubert: Symphonies 6 & 8 / Norrington, SWR Radio Symphony Orchestra Stuttgart
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93298 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 49.
    Schubert: Late Symphonies / Schaller, Philharmonie Festiva
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 12062 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Gerd Schaller
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonie Festiva
    CD: $34.99
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  • 50.
    Monumental Karajan!
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 232892 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Karlheinz Zöller
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    On sale! $19.98
    CD: $12.99
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