Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Piano Sonatas in A Major & A Minor,
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Dux Records  
Catalog: 930   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 8; Brahms: Symphony No 3 / Davis
Release Date: 04/26/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 8043   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68034   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven:
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Idi  
Catalog: 6678   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: String Quintet, Quartettsatz  / Cypress String Quartet
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2307   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Unfinished Symphony

Browse 176-200 of 211 Available Recordings
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  • 176.
    Schubert: Symphonies No 1 & 8 / Riccardo Muti, Vienna Po
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73431 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 177.
    Schubert: Symphonies 3 & 8, Etc / Masur, New York Po
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 17133 Release Date: 11/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Boris Berezovsky
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 178.
    Label: Spj Music   Catalog: 90023 Release Date: 11/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
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  • 179.
    Schubert: Symphonies No 8 & 9 / Mackerras, Scottish Co
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80502 Release Date: 10/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 180.
    Schubert: Symphonies No 8 & 5, Rosamunde / Skrowaczewski
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 462954 Release Date: 09/15/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 181.
    Schubert: The Symphonies, Chamber Music, Piano Works, Etc
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1766 Release Date: 11/18/1997   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Shura Gehrman,  Marta Deyanova,  Wenn-Sinn Yang
    Conductor:  Roy Goodman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hanover Band,  Chilingirian String Quartet,  Brandis String Quartet
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  • 182.
    Schubert: Sinfonien No 5 & 8 / Spering, Das Neue Orchester
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 30192 Release Date: 08/12/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Christoph Spering
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Das Neue Orchester
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  • 183.
    Schubert: Symphonies 3 & 8 / Kleiber, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 449745 Release Date: 06/10/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 184.
    Cantelli - Artist Profile - Beethoven, Frank, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68217 Release Date: 03/30/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  César Franck
    Conductor:  Guido Cantelli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 185.
    Karajan Edition - Schubert: Symphonien 8 & 9
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 66105 Release Date: 02/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 186.
    Schubert, Strauss, Lanner, Komzak / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 426981 Release Date: 07/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karel Komzak II,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Lanner,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 187.
    Schubert: Symphonies Nos. 5, 8 & 9
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 448927 Release Date: 06/03/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 188.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Schubert: Symphonies 5 & 8, Etc
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64487 Release Date: 05/28/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 189.
    Schubert: Symphonies No 4 & 8
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 66833 Release Date: 04/30/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 190.
    Mozart, Brahms, Schubert / Karl Böhm, Vienna Po
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 359941 Release Date: 11/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Enrico Mainardi,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 191.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 5;  Schubert: Symphony No 8
    Label: Curb Records   Catalog: 78041 Release Date: 10/31/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Franz Konwitschny,  Peter Schreier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 192.
    Schubert: Complete Symphonies Vol 2 / Sawallisch
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 446539 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 193.
    Beethoven: Symphony No. 3;  Schubert: Symphony No. 8
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 553223 Release Date: 07/11/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven
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  • 194.
    Art Of Classics - Franz Schubert
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 25912 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Antonín Novák,  Jaroslav Chovanec,  Dusan Pandula,  Josef Podjukl  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Münchinger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Novák String Quartet,  Stuttgart Piano Trio,  Stuttgart Soloists  ... 
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  • 195.
    Schubert: Symphony Nos 5 & 8
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 64561 Release Date: 04/18/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Vato Kahi,  Jahni Mardjani
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Georgian Festival Orchestra
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  • 196.
    Erich Kleiber Dirigiert
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90229 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Bedrich Smetana,  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 197.
    Karl Böhm Conducts The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90922 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 198.
    Mendelssohn: Symphony 4;  Schubert: Symphony 8 / Sinopoli
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445514 Release Date: 08/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 199.
    Von Einem: Bruckner Dialog;  Haydn, Schubert / Von Matacic
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 235901 Release Date: 04/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gottfried von Einem,  Franz Schubert,  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Conductor:  Lovro von Matacic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 200.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 5;  Schubert: Symphony No 8
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550289 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Richard Edlinger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Zagreb Philharmonic
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