Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 379563   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: The Symphonies, Rosamunde Excerpts / Barenboim, Berlin Philharmonic
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 7686162   Number of Discs: 5
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Richter Plays Schubert Live [4-CD Set]
Release Date: 05/27/2014   Label: Melodiya  
Catalog: 2231   Number of Discs: 4
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Schubert: Symphonies No 3-5 /  Thomas Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1786   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert, Boccherini: String Quintets / Stern, Lin, Laredo, Ma, Robinson
Release Date: 10/14/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 56118   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: An Sylvia, D 891/Op. 106 no 4

Browse 51-75 of 100 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Aix En Provence, 1954
    Label: Ina   Catalog: 914078 Release Date: 08/02/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Paul A. Martini  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Hans Rosbaud
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  • 52.
    A Garland Of The Elizabethan / Clerks Of Christ Church
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 47 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Richard Pantcheff,  Francis Poulenc,  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ... 
    Performer:  William Gaunt,  Angus Wilson,  Brian Chapman,  Adrian Lowe  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clerks of Christ Church
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  • 53.
    Perspectives / Ian Bostridge
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 46443 Release Date: 02/07/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Gabriel Fauré,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Julius Drake,  Leif Ove Andsnes
    Conductor:  Stephen Layton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polyphony
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  • 54.
    Schubert: The Complete Songs
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 44201/40 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ludwig Berger  ... 
    Performer:  Graham Johnson,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Christine Schäfer,  Michael George  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Layton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Holst Singers,  London Schubert Chorale,  New Company Singers
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  • 55.
    Original Masters - The Art Of Fritz Wunderlich
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000480702 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Hübsch,,  Traditional,  Osman Perez Freire  ... 
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hermann Prey,  Hubert Giesen,  Ingeborg Hallstein  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Carste,  Kurt Eichhorn,  Robert Stolz,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graunke Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Die Spilar-Schrammeln (salon orchestra)  ... 
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  • 56.
    Schubert: 25 Lieder / Bostridge, Drake
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 76852 Release Date: 08/02/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Julius Drake,  Ian Bostridge
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  • 57.
    Schubert: Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Fischer
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 86829 Release Date: 06/07/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edwin Fischer
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  • 58.
    Fischer-Dieskau - Salzburger Liederabende 1956-1965
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 339050 Release Date: 05/06/2005   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore,  Erik Werba,  Irmgard Seefried
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  • 59.
    Gemini - Schubert: Lieder / Baker, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 86251 Release Date: 02/15/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 60.
    Voice Of Firestone - Jussi Bjorling In Opera & Song
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 2424 Release Date: 11/16/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Franz Schubert,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Anne-Lisa Björling
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  • 61.
    Schubert: Lieder / Elly Ameling, Dalton Baldwin
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186132 Release Date: 08/17/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dalton Baldwin,  Elly Ameling
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  • 62.
    Lieder Recital - Schubert, Mozart, Hüttenbrenner / Rubens, Gage
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93076 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Anselm Hüttenbrenner
    Performer:  Sibylla Rubens,  Irwin Gage
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  • 63.
    Schubert: 24 Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Fischer, Moore, Parsons
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 62773 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 64.
    Deutsche Schubert-Lied-Edition 14 - European Poets Vol 2
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557026-27 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ulrich Eisenlohr,  Wolf Matthias Friedrich,  Maya Boog
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  • 65.
    The Artistry Of Elly Ameling
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000121702 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Antonio Carlos Jobim,  George Frideric Handel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  John Clayton,  Louis van Dijk,  Elly Ameling,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard,  Vittorio Negri,  Edo De Waart,  Antal Doráti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Berlin Chamber Orchestra,  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 66.
    The Very Best Of Lucia Popp
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85102 Release Date: 09/02/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Orff,  Gioachino Rossini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Katia Labèque,  Marielle Labèque,  David Briggs  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos,  Stephen Cleobury,  György Fischer,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Chorus,  Wandsworth School Boys' Choir  ... 
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  • 67.
    Schubert: Lieder With Orchestra / Abbado, Von Otter, Quasthoff
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471586 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Thomas Quasthoff
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe
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  • 68.
    Schubert: Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474173 Release Date: 02/03/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 69.
    Richard Baker's Favourite Songs And Encores
    Label: Upbeat Classics   Catalog: 143 Release Date: 11/04/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gertrude Sans-Souci,  Franz Schubert,  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Cecil Armstrong Gibbs  ... 
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  • 70.
    Of Ladies And Love... / Michael Schade, Malcolm Martineau
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67315 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Gabriel Fauré,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Schade,  Malcolm Martineau
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  • 71.
    Schubert: Lieder / Arleen Auger, Lambert Orkis
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 61457 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Lambert Orkis,  Arleen Augér
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  • 72.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gabriele Fontana
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90484 Release Date: 05/28/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gabriele Fontana,  György Fischer,  Peter Schmidl
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  • 73.
    The Very Best Of Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75069 Release Date: 04/09/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dame Janet Baker,  Cecil Aronowitz,  André Previn  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Philip Ledger,  André Previn,  Sir Adrian Boult  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra Chorus,  Hallé Orchestra,  Sheffield Philharmonic Chorus  ... 
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  • 74.
    The Art Of Romantic Song - Schubert, Brahms / Monica Groop
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 986 Release Date: 06/26/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Monica Groop,  Ilari Angervo,  Alexei Lubimov,  Rudolf Jansen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Jubilate Choir
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  • 75.
    Evelyn Lear - The Art Of The Recital
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1195 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Monro,  Stephen Sondheim,  Carl Zeller,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Evelyn Lear,  Martin Katz
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