Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: The Symphonies / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
Release Date: 09/12/2005   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 4623232   Number of Discs: 4
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Schubert: Song Cycles / Nathalie Stutzmann [3-CD Set]
Release Date: 01/27/2015   Label: Erato  
Catalog: 623701   Number of Discs: 3
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Wilhelm Kempff: Complete Schubert Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
Release Date: 07/22/2016   Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: B002520202   Number of Discs: 9
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Jerome Rose Plays Schubert
Release Date: 07/01/2016   Label: Medici Classics  
Catalog: 30072  
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Schubert: Die Winterreise / West, Rose
Release Date: 07/01/2016   Label: Medici Classics  
Catalog: 30082  
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Work: An Sylvia, D 891/Op. 106 no 4

Browse 26-50 of 90 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Schubert: The Complete Lieder Edition
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8503801 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 38
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christian Elsner,  Ulrich Eisenlohr,  Roman Trekel,  Michael Volle  ... 
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  • 27.
    Best Schubert 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80429 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elmar Schloter,  Sir Philip Ledger,  Alfredo Dallapozza,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Herbert von Karajan,  Yehudi Menuhin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 28.
    Songs By Schubert, Beethoven, Britten & Hahn / Polenzani, Drake
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 48 Release Date: 10/24/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Benjamin Britten,  Traditional,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Julius Drake,  Matthew Polenzani
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  • 29.
    The Very Best Of Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94717 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms,  Maurice Duruflé  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Timothy Hugh,  John Butt,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Philip Ledger  ... 
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  • 30.
    Icon - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Perfect Prima Donna
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18459 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  J. Edward Merret,  Harold Jackson,  Geraint Jones,  Manoug Parikian  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Gellhorn,  Otto Klemperer,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 31.
    Schubert, Wolf: Lieder / Schwarzkopf, Furtwangler, Moore
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 826103 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Gerald Moore
    CD: $54.49
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  • 32.
    Schubert: Nacht Und Traume / Goerne, Schmalcz
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902063 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Matthias Goerne,  Alexander Schmalcz
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  • 33.
    Schubert Lied-Edition Vol 1
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 40026 Release Date: 10/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Friedrich Brodersen,  Frieda Hempel,  Friedrich Schorr,  Maria Ivogün  ... 
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  • 34.
    Schubert Favorites, Including Shepherd On The Rock / Felicity Lott
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1092 Release Date: 06/15/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Felicity Lott,  Graham Johnson,  Ian Brown,  Michael Collins
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  • 35.
    Schubert: Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau [21 CDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001431302 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 36.
    Summertime
    Label: Champs Hill Records   Catalog: 8 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Gabriel Fauré,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Graham Johnson,  Felicity Lott
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  • 37.
    Schubert: Schwanengesang, 7 Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415188 Release Date: 04/22/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 38.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau: The Lieder Singer - 85th Birthday - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 56352 Release Date: 04/06/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Hugo Wolf,  Edvard Grieg,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Daniel Barenboim,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Gerald Moore
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  • 39.
    Sehnsucht / Csillag, Ruiten, The Gents
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 30109 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Julius Röntgen,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Lenneke Ruiten,  Thom Janssen
    Conductor:  Béni Csillag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Gents
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  • 40.
    Icon - Lucia Popp - Queen Of The Night, Maiden Of Light
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 98515 Release Date: 10/20/2009   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gioachino Rossini,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Leslie Pearson,  Katia Labčque,  David Briggs  ... 
    Conductor:  Georg Fischer,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Christfried Bickenbach,  Stephen Cleobury  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 41.
    Songs By Schubert, Wolf, Faure, Ravel / Keenlyside, Martineau
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 31 Release Date: 09/15/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Gabriel Fauré,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Malcolm Martineau,  Simon Keenlyside
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  • 42.
    The Quiristers Of Winchester College Sing Brahms, Mendelssohn, Mozart & Schubert
    Label: Meridian Records   Catalog: 84507 Release Date: 09/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Francis Brett,  Robert Bottone,  Edward Evershed,  William Gibb  ... 
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  • 43.
    Schwetzinger Festspielreihe - Liederabend 1965 / Fritz Wunderlich, Et Al
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93701 Release Date: 05/12/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hubert Giesen
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  • 44.
    Schubert: Lieder / Gérard Souzay, Dalton Baldwin
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422418 Release Date: 01/30/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Dalton Baldwin
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  • 45.
    A New Beginning
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5637226564 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Franz Schubert,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Blaine Lee,  Freya Wardlaw-Bailey,  Joel Stamoolis,  Naomi Stamoolis
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  • 46.
    Schubert: Lieder / Sharon Rostofr-Zamir, Daniel Gortler
    Label: Roméo Records   Catalog: 7265 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Daniel Gortler,  Sharon Rostorf-Zamir
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  • 47.
    Icon - Janet Baker - The Beloved Mezzo
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 08087 Release Date: 09/02/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Robert Spencer,  Ambrose Gauntlett,  Martin Isepp  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  André Previn,  Sir John Barbirolli,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  John Alldis Choir,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 48.
    Schubert: String Quintet, Songs / Chilingirian Quartet, Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 28282 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Gerald Moore,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Jennifer Ward Clarke
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chilingirian String Quartet
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  • 49.
    Vocal Series - Jussi Björling At Carnegie Hall
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60520 Release Date: 06/05/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Frederick Schauwecker,  Jussi Björling
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  • 50.
    Schubert, Wolf: Lieder / Brigitte Fassbaender
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 62980 Release Date: 01/13/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Erik Werba,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Baumgart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Capella Bavariae
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