Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Soprano's Schubertiade / Sampson, Middleton
Release Date: 05/11/2018   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2343   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Death And The Maiden, Etc / The Lydian Quartet
Release Date: 03/17/1995   Label: Centaur Records  
Catalog: 2186   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Piano Trio Op 100, Etc / Kungsbacka Piano Trio
Release Date: 08/29/2006   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555700   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: 3 Sonatas for Violin & Piano / Chung, Lee
Release Date: 06/10/2016   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573579   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Piano Sonatas D 537 & D 664, Etc / Jénö Jandó
Release Date: 07/26/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550846   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Winterreise, D 911/Op. 89

Browse 26-50 of 136 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Schreier, Dresden String Quartet
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 14051 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Schreier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden String Quartet
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  • 27.
    Viatge D'hivern De F. Schubert
    Label: La Ma De Guido   Catalog: 2129 Release Date: 05/05/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Judit Neddermann
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  • 28.
    Schubert: The Song Collection
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95111 Release Date: 03/31/2015   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Naum Grubert,  Robert Holl,  David Lutz,  Konrad Richter  ... 
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  • 29.
    Schubert: Song Cycles / Nathalie Stutzmann [3-CD Set]
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 623701 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Nathalie Stutzmann,  Inger Södergren
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  • 30.
    Schubert: Song Cycles / Ian Bostridge [3 CDs & 1 DVD]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 620418 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Leif Ove Andsnes,  Mitsuko Uchida,  Antonio Pappano
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  • 31.
    Sviatoslav Richter - Complete Decca, Philips & DG Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002236002 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 51
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mikhail Kopelman,  Valentin Berlinsky,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Stanislaw Wislocki,  Kurt Sanderling,  Witold Rowicki,  János Ferencsik  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moragues Woodwind Quintet members,  Borodin String Quartet,  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 32.
    Schubert: Winterreise; Schumann: Dichterliebe / Araiza, Lemaire
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101670 Release Date: 11/18/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Francisco Araiza,  Jean Lemaire
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  • 33.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Goerne, Eschenbach
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902107 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Eschenbach,  Matthias Goerne,  Matthias [Baritone Vocals] Goerne,  Christophe Ghristi
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  • 34.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Zvi Emanuel-marial, Phlip Mayers
    Label: Thorofon   Catalog: 2615 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Philip Mayers,  Zvi Emanuel-marial
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  • 35.
    Schubert Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94870 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 69
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Suzanne Lautenbacher,  György Pauk,  Peter Frankl,  Walter Hautzig  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Jörg Faerber,  Andreas Weiser,  Romano Gandolfi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra,  Bell'Arte Trio  ... 
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  • 36.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Raphael Favre, Andre Fischer
    Label: Stradivarius   Catalog: 33981 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Andre Fischer,  Raphael Favre
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  • 37.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 379563 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Helmut Deutsch,  Jonas Kaufmann,  Helmut Deutsch
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  • 38.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 68034 Release Date: 03/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Finley,  Julius Drake
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  • 39.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Jan Kobow, Christoph Hammer
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 22536 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jan Kobow,  Christoph Hammer
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  • 40.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Fischer-dieskau, Pollini
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 884131 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Maurizio Pollini
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  • 41.
    Teldec - 50-CD Collection
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 643851 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  András Schiff,  Josef Protschka,  Barbara Bonney,  Edita Gruberova  ... 
    Conductor:  Iván Fischer,  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Carlo Rizzi,  Reinbert De Leeuw  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Festival Orchestra,  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $230.49
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  • 42.
    Schubert: Song Cycles / James Gilchrist, Anna Tilbrook
    Label: Orchid Classics   Catalog: 100034 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  James Gilchrist,  Anna Tilbrook
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  • 43.
    Schubert: Winterreise - (Arranged for narrator, cello and piano by Martin Rummel) / Hutter, Rummel, Shetler
    Label: Paladino Music   Catalog: 18 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Xaver Hutter,  Martin Rummel,  Norman Shetler
    CD: $39.99
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  • 44.
    Britten the Performer - Complete Decca Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001922102 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 27
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Henry Purcell,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Adrian Thompson,  John Tobin,  Jenny Hill,  Robert Tear  ... 
    Conductor:  Benjamin Britten
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Wandsworth School Boys' Choir,  Wandsworth School Choir  ... 
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  • 45.
    Schubert: Winterreise / 	Christoph Pregardien, Michael Gees
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72596 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Prégardien,  Michael Gees
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  • 46.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Pregardien, Gees
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72595 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Prégardien,  Michael Gees
    DVD: $18.99
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  • 47.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Pregardien, Gees [Blu-ray]
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72588 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Prégardien,  Michael Gees
    Blu-ray Video: $24.99
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  • 48.
    Thomas Hampson: 5 Classic Albums
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 844232 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Daniil Shtoda,  Timothy Robinson,  Geoffrey Parsons  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Armstrong,  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment,  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 49.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Montero, Alvarez
    Label: Verso   Catalog: 2104 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jose Manuel Montero,  Juan Antonio Alvarez
    CD: $14.99
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  • 50.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Kurt Moll, Cord Garben
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 42831 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Kurt Moll,  Cord Garben
    CD: $22.49
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