Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Complete Works For Violin & Piano / Julia Fischer
Release Date: 10/14/2014   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 186519   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert: String Quintet & Lieder / Capucon, Goerne, Quatuor Ebene
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 554925  
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Schubert: Complete Works for Violin & Piano Vol 1 / Fischer, Helmchen
Release Date: 09/29/2009   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186347   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Piano Trios No 1 & 2 / Storioni Trio Amsterdam
Release Date: 03/27/2007   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186050   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Trout Quintet, Trockne Blumen Variations, Notturno D 897 / Helmchen, Tetzlaff, Et Al
Release Date: 03/31/2009   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186334   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Winterreise, D 911/Op. 89

Browse 1-25 of 132 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Kolzowski, Pawlik
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 1259 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Karol Kozlowsky,  Jolanta Pawlik
    CD: $19.99
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  • 2.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Prey, Deutsch
    Label: Swr Music   Catalog: 19012 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Helmut Deutsch
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  • 3.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 554938 Release Date: 04/15/2016  
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    CD: $13.99
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  • 4.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Blumberg, Katz
    Label: Blue Griffin   Catalog: 393 Release Date: 04/12/2016  
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jesse Blumberg,  Martin Katz
    CD: $18.99
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  • 5.
    Deutsche Grammophon: The Mono Era (1948-1957)
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002457272 Release Date: 03/18/2016   Number of Discs: 51
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Stefan Askenase,  Shura Cherkassky,  Halina Czerny-Stefanska,  Basile Bolotine  ... 
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl,  Karl Böhm,  Serge Jaroff,  Leopold Ludwig  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amadeus Quartet,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $145.99
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  • 6.
    Alfred Brendel: Complete Philips Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002434302 Release Date: 01/29/2016   Number of Discs: 114
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Imogen Cooper,  Sylvia McNair,  Eduard Brunner  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Bernard Haitink,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $308.99
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  • 7.
    111: The Collector's Editions [111 CDs]
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002422702 Release Date: 12/11/2015   Number of Discs: 111
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Maurice Ravel,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Lorin Maazel,  Franz Konwitschny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Amadeus Quartet,  Orchestre de Paris  ... 
    CD: $325.49
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  • 8.
    Ian Bostridge: Autograph
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552551 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Hugo Wolf,  Claudio Monteverdi  ... 
    Performer:  Ian [Tenor Vocals] Bostridge,  Julius Drake,  Antonio Pappano,  Patrizia Ciofi  ... 
    Conductor:  Emmanuelle Haďm,  Harry Bicket,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  William Christie  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Sacqueboutiers,  Le Concert D'Astrée,  Les Arts Florissants  ... 
    CD: $28.99
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  • 9.
    Franz Schubert: Winterreise
    Label: Doron Music   Catalog: 5043 Release Date: 09/08/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Azumi Okamura,  Taro Kato
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  • 10.
    Schubert: Winterreise  / Stanislaw Kierner, Michal Rot
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 1204 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Stanislaw Kierner,  Michal Rot
    CD: $19.99
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  • 11.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Schreier, Dresden String Quartet
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 14051 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Schreier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden String Quartet
    CD: $48.99
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  • 12.
    Schubert: The Song Collection
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95111 Release Date: 03/31/2015   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Naum Grubert,  Robert Holl,  David Lutz,  Konrad Richter  ... 
    CD: $29.99
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  • 13.
    Schubert: Song Cycles / Nathalie Stutzmann [3-CD Set]
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 623701 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Nathalie Stutzmann,  Inger Södergren
    CD: $16.99
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  • 14.
    Schubert: Song Cycles / Ian Bostridge [3 CDs & 1 DVD]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 620418 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Leif Ove Andsnes,  Mitsuko Uchida,  Antonio Pappano
    CD: $22.99
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  • 15.
    Sviatoslav Richter - Complete Decca, Philips & DG Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002236002 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 51
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mikhail Kopelman,  Valentin Berlinsky,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Stanislaw Wislocki,  Kurt Sanderling,  Witold Rowicki,  János Ferencsik  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moragues Woodwind Quintet members,  Borodin String Quartet,  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $167.98
    CD: $148.99
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  • 16.
    Schubert: Winterreise; Schumann: Dichterliebe / Araiza, Lemaire
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101670 Release Date: 11/18/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Francisco Araiza,  Jean Lemaire
    DVD: $29.99
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  • 17.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Goerne, Eschenbach
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902107 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Eschenbach,  Matthias Goerne,  Matthias [Baritone Vocals] Goerne,  Christophe Ghristi
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  • 18.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Zvi Emanuel-marial, Phlip Mayers
    Label: Thorofon   Catalog: 2615 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Philip Mayers,  Zvi Emanuel-marial
    CD: $22.49
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  • 19.
    Schubert Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94870 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 69
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Suzanne Lautenbacher,  György Pauk,  Peter Frankl,  Walter Hautzig  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Jörg Faerber,  Andreas Weiser,  Romano Gandolfi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra,  Bell'Arte Trio  ... 
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    CD: $138.99
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  • 20.
    The Originals - Legendary Recordings from DG
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002171502 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Pierre Fournier,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  David Oistrakh,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Franz Konwitschny,  Carlos Kleiber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 21.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau: 3 Classic Albums [Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002093302 Release Date: 07/15/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    CD: $21.99
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  • 22.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Raphael Favre, Andre Fischer
    Label: Stradivarius   Catalog: 33981 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Andre Fischer,  Raphael Favre
    CD: $17.99
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  • 23.
    Julius Patzak Sings Schubert
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 93487 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Julius Patzak,  Michael Raucheisen,  Jörg Demus
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 24.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 379563 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Helmut Deutsch,  Jonas Kaufmann,  Helmut Deutsch
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    CD: $14.99
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  • 25.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 68034 Release Date: 03/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Finley,  Julius Drake
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