Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Piano Variations / Yontov
Release Date: 04/14/2017   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573707   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Die schone Mullerin / Skovhus, Vladar
Release Date: 04/07/2017   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 5290   Number of Discs: 1
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Deutsche Schubert-Lied-Edition 10 - Austrian Contemporaries 1
Release Date: 11/19/2002   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554796   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Jorma Hynninen
Release Date: 12/16/2008   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 725   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Mass In C Major, Mass In G Major / Schuldt-Jensen, Immortal Bach Ensemble
Release Date: 11/17/2009   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8570764   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Winterreise, D 911/Op. 89

Browse 1-25 of 126 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Schubert.Metamorphosen / I Dioscuri
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: GRAM99125 Release Date: 05/05/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Dioscuri
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  • 2.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Goerne, Hinterhauser
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 738008 Release Date: 03/10/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Matthias Goerne,  Markus Hinterhäuser
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 3.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Goerne, Hinterhauser
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 738104 Release Date: 03/10/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Matthias Goerne,  Markus Hinterhäuser
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  • 4.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Fischer-Dieskau, Brendel
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 109317 Release Date: 01/20/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Alfred Brendel
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  • 5.
    Schubert: Winterreise, D 911 / Bennett, Tiu
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3506 Release Date: 01/06/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Alan Bennett,  Albert Tiu
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  • 6.
    Schubert: Lieder / Goerne
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 2908750 Release Date: 11/11/2016   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Matthias Goerne,  Elisabeth Leonskaja,  Eric Schneider,  Christoph Eschenbach  ... 
    CD: $69.99
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  • 7.
    Schubert: Die Winterreise / Vandersteene, Kende
    Label: Northern Flowers   Catalog: 9919 Release Date: 09/16/2016  
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Zeger Vandersteene,  Levente Kende
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  • 8.
    Schubert: Die Winterreise / West, Rose
    Label: Medici Classics   Catalog: 30082 Release Date: 07/01/2016  
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jon Frederick West,  Jerome Rose
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  • 9.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Kolzowski, Pawlik
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 1259 Release Date: 06/10/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Karol Kozlowsky,  Jolanta Pawlik
    CD: $19.99
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  • 10.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Prey, Deutsch
    Label: Swr Music   Catalog: 19012 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Helmut Deutsch
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  • 11.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 554938 Release Date: 04/15/2016  
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 12.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Blumberg, Katz
    Label: Blue Griffin   Catalog: 393 Release Date: 04/12/2016  
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jesse Blumberg,  Martin Katz
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  • 13.
    Deutsche Grammophon: The Mono Era (1948-1957)
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002457272 Release Date: 03/18/2016   Number of Discs: 51
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Stefan Askenase,  Shura Cherkassky,  Halina Czerny-Stefanska,  Basile Bolotine  ... 
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl,  Karl Böhm,  Serge Jaroff,  Leopold Ludwig  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amadeus Quartet,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $145.99
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  • 14.
    Alfred Brendel: Complete Philips Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002434302 Release Date: 01/29/2016   Number of Discs: 114
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Imogen Cooper,  Sylvia McNair,  Eduard Brunner  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Bernard Haitink,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $308.99
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  • 15.
    111: The Collector's Editions [111 CDs]
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002422702 Release Date: 12/11/2015   Number of Discs: 111
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Maurice Ravel,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Lorin Maazel,  Franz Konwitschny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Amadeus Quartet,  Orchestre de Paris  ... 
    CD: $325.49
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  • 16.
    Ian Bostridge: Autograph
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552551 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Hugo Wolf,  Claudio Monteverdi  ... 
    Performer:  Ian [Tenor Vocals] Bostridge,  Julius Drake,  Antonio Pappano,  Patrizia Ciofi  ... 
    Conductor:  Emmanuelle Haďm,  Harry Bicket,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  William Christie  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Le Concert D'Astrée,  Les Sacqueboutiers,  Les Arts Florissants  ... 
    CD: $28.99
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  • 17.
    Schubert: Winterreise  / Stanislaw Kierner, Michal Rot
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 1204 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Stanislaw Kierner,  Michal Rot
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  • 18.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Schreier, Dresden String Quartet
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 14051 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Schreier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden String Quartet
    CD: $48.99
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  • 19.
    Viatge D'hivern De F. Schubert
    Label: La Ma De Guido   Catalog: 2129 Release Date: 05/05/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Judit Neddermann
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  • 20.
    Schubert: The Song Collection
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95111 Release Date: 03/31/2015   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Naum Grubert,  Robert Holl,  David Lutz,  Konrad Richter  ... 
    CD: $29.99
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  • 21.
    Schubert: Song Cycles / Nathalie Stutzmann [3-CD Set]
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 623701 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Nathalie Stutzmann,  Inger Södergren
    CD: $17.99
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  • 22.
    Schubert: Song Cycles / Ian Bostridge [3 CDs & 1 DVD]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 620418 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ian Bostridge,  Leif Ove Andsnes,  Mitsuko Uchida,  Antonio Pappano
    CD: $23.99
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  • 23.
    Sviatoslav Richter - Complete Decca, Philips & DG Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002236002 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 51
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mikhail Kopelman,  Valentin Berlinsky,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Stanislaw Wislocki,  Kurt Sanderling,  Witold Rowicki,  János Ferencsik  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moragues Woodwind Quintet members,  Borodin String Quartet,  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $167.98
    CD: $148.99
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  • 24.
    Schubert: Winterreise; Schumann: Dichterliebe / Araiza, Lemaire
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101670 Release Date: 11/18/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Francisco Araiza,  Jean Lemaire
    DVD: $29.99
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  • 25.
    Schubert: Winterreise / Goerne, Eschenbach
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902107 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Eschenbach,  Matthias Goerne,  Matthias [Baritone Vocals] Goerne,  Christophe Ghristi
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