Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert & Haydn: String Quartets / Tetzlaff Quartett
Release Date: 03/10/2017   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1293   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Winterreise / Padmore, Bezuidenhout
Release Date: 02/16/2018   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902264   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Piano Sonata No. 21, D. 960 / Entremont
Release Date: 02/02/2018   Label: Solo Musica  
Catalog: 276   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Piano Trios Vol. 1
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550131   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Mass, Stabat Mater / Schuldt-jensen, Et Al
Release Date: 02/26/2008   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8570381   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Fantasy for Piano in C major, D 760/Op. 15 "Wanderer"

Browse 101-111 of 111 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Young Brendel - The Vox Years
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 3601 Release Date: 02/27/2001   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Walter Klien
    Conductor:  Willfried Boettcher,  Paul Angerer,  Jonathan Sternberg,  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Vienna Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 102.
    Schubert: Wanderer Fantasy, Etc / Pavlos Hatzopoulos
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98326 Release Date: 05/23/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Pavlos Hatzopoulos
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  • 103.
    The Wanderer
    Label: Newport Classic   Catalog: 85632 Release Date: 08/25/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Ferruccio Busoni,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Eri Ikezi
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  • 104.
    Alfred Brendel Plays Schubert
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 3041 Release Date: 08/12/1997   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Evelyne Crochet
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Schubert: Wanderer-fantasie;  Schumann: Fantasie / Pollini
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447451 Release Date: 08/13/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Maurizio Pollini
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  • 106.
    Schubert, Brahms, Liszt / Yevgeny Kissin
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445562 Release Date: 04/03/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Evgeny Kissin
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  • 107.
    Schubert: Piano Sonatas D 537 & D 664, Etc / Jénö Jandó
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550846 Release Date: 07/26/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó
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  • 108.
    Schubert: Piano Favorites / Peter Frankl
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 3011 Release Date: 11/04/1992   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Peter Frankl
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  • 109.
    Schubert: Wanderer Fantasy, Etc / Fleisher, Freire
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 47667 Release Date: 06/02/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Leon Fleisher,  Nelson Freire
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  • 110.
    Schumann, Schubert: Fantasies / Murray Perahia
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42124 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Murray Perahia
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  • 111.
    Schubert: Piano Works / Oleg Maisenberg
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 43831 Release Date: 05/16/1988   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Oleg Maisenberg
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