Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.

Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.

In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.

Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less

Schubert: Winterreise / Jonas Kaufmann
Release Date: 04/01/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 379563   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphonies 3 & 5 / Howard Shelley, Royal Philharmonic
Release Date: 11/09/2010   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28950   Number of Discs: 1
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Franz Liszt - Master & Magician
Release Date: 07/26/2011   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 775542   Number of Discs: 26
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Schubert: Trout Quintet, Rosamunde Quartet / Carney, O'Hora
Release Date: 01/11/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28930   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Works for Solo Piano / Ronan O'Hora
Release Date: 07/12/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 29200   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Fantasy for Piano in C major, D 760/Op. 15 "Wanderer"

Browse 1-25 of 101 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Schubert / Bertrand Chamayou
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 2564637078 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Bertrand Chamayou
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  • 2.
    The Westminster Legacy
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999302 Release Date: 02/18/2014   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Sena Jurinac,  Lucretia West,  Hans Loeffler,  Frederick Guthrie  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen,  Pierre Monteux,  René Leibowitz,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Chamber Chorus  ... 
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  • 3.
    Franz Schubert: Sonata In A Major D.664; Sonata In B Flat Major D.960; 'Wanderer' Fantasy D.760
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 132 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  George-Emmanuel Lazaridis
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  • 4.
    Schubert: Wanderer Fantaisie; Sonata D 664; Janacek: Sonata 1. X. 1905
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 863 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Leos Janácek
    Performer:  Herbert Schuch
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  • 5.
    Gary Graffman - The Complete RCA & Columbia Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 546239 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gary Graffman,  Berl Senofsky,  Shirley Trepel,  Dick Hyman  ... 
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Enrique Jorda,  Charles Munch,  Walter Hendl  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 6.
    Schubert: Piano Works Vol 10 / Gerhard Oppitz
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98616 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Gerhard Oppitz
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  • 7.
    Leon Fleisher - The Complete Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 545997 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  César Franck,  Frederick Delius  ... 
    Performer:  Leon Fleisher,  Jules Eskin,  Benita Valente,  Harold Wright  ... 
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Seiji Ozawa,  Leon Fleisher,  Szymon Goldberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Juilliard String Quartet,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 8.
    Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 5 In Eb; Haydn: Piano Concerto In D; Schubert Wanderer Fantasy
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 8009 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Julian Von Karolyi
    Conductor:  Richard Schumacher,  Robert Heger
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  • 9.
    Schubert: D 946 Nos 1 & 2, Wanderer Fantasy; Schumann: Sonata No 1, Arabeske / Ashkenazy
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5101 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
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  • 10.
    Schubert, Bach, Liszt / Simon Trpceski
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 58 Release Date: 04/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt,  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Simon Trpceski
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  • 11.
    Schubert: Wanderer Fantasy, Moments Musicaux, Sonata D 958 / Konstanze Eickhorst
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 13289 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Konstanze Eickhorst
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  • 12.
    Jouni Somero: Piano Recital
    Label: Fc Records   Catalog: 9705 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Franz Schubert,  Adolf Henselt
    Performer:  Jouni Somero
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  • 13.
    Murray Perahia - The First 40 Years
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 191256 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 73
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Murray Perahia,  Michael Cox,  Leonore Smith,  Kenneth Sillito  ... 
    Conductor:  Murray Perahia,  Bernard Haitink,  Zubin Mehta,  Sir Colin Davis  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Amadeus String Quartet members  ... 
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  • 14.
    Schubert: Piano Sonata D 845, Wanderer Fantasy, Impromptus D 935 / Paul Lewis
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902136 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Paul Lewis
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  • 15.
    Schubert
    Label: Honens   Catalog: 201101 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Georgy Tchaidze
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  • 16.
    Clifford Curzon Edition - Complete Recordings [23 CDs + DVD]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001728400 Release Date: 09/11/2012   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon,  Irmgard Seefried,  Horst Günther,  Julius Patzak  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch,  George Szell,  Benjamin Britten,  Eduard Van Beinum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 17.
    Intro - Music Of Haydn, Chopin, Liszt, Schubert, Kapustin / Dianne Baar
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 91206 Release Date: 09/11/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Nikolai Kapustin,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Dianne Baar
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  • 18.
    Schubert:
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 23080 Release Date: 09/11/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Mikhail Kopelman,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Georg Hörtnagel,  Valentin Berlinsky  ... 
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  • 19.
    Schubert: Wanderer Fantasy; Impromptus / Viviana Sofronitsky
    Label: Cavi Music   Catalog: 8553250 Release Date: 08/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Viviana Sofronitsky
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  • 20.
    Lang Lang - Complete Recordings On Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001697972 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Lang Lang,  Guo-Ren Lang,  Wu Yuxia,  Chen Shasha  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim,  Valery Gergiev,  Long Yu,  Christoph Eschenbach  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater Orchestra,  Central Philharmonic Orchestra of China  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 21.
    The Very Best Of Sviatoslav Richter
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 21740 Release Date: 07/17/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Georg Hörtnagel,  Mikhail Kopelman,  Valentin Berlinsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Lovro von Matacic,  Lorin Maazel,  Riccardo Muti
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  • 22.
    Koechlin - Magicien Orchestrateur / Wegener, Hoelscher, Holliger
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93286 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Charles Koechlin,  Gabriel Fauré,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Sarah Wegener,  Florian Hoelscher
    Conductor:  Heinz Holliger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Wilhelm Kempff - Solo Piano Recordings [35-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001648902 Release Date: 03/20/2012   Number of Discs: 35
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Christoph W. Gluck,  George Frideric Handel,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff
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  • 24.
    Schubert: Wanderer Fantasie / Matthias Kirschnereit
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300302 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Matthias Kirschnereit
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  • 25.
    Schubert: Wandererfantasie; 4 Klaviersonaten
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 98929 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Meira Farkas
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