Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: The Symphonies / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
Release Date: 09/12/2005   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 4623232   Number of Discs: 4
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Schubert: Song Cycles / Nathalie Stutzmann [3-CD Set]
Release Date: 01/27/2015   Label: Erato  
Catalog: 623701   Number of Discs: 3
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Schubert: Complete String Quartets, Vol. 6 / Diogenes Quartet
Release Date: 06/24/2016   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94467   Number of Discs: 1
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Jerome Rose Plays Schubert
Release Date: 07/01/2016   Label: Medici Classics  
Catalog: 30072  
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Schubert: Die Winterreise / West, Rose
Release Date: 07/01/2016   Label: Medici Classics  
Catalog: 30082  
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Work: Fantasy for Piano in C major, D 760/Op. 15 "Wanderer"

Browse 1-25 of 103 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Wilhelm Kempff: Complete Schubert Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B002520202 Release Date: 07/22/2016   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff
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    CD: $38.99
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  • 2.
    Jerome Rose Plays Schubert
    Label: Medici Classics   Catalog: 30072 Release Date: 07/01/2016  
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jerome Rose
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  • 3.
    Andre Watts: The Complete Columbia Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 511979 Release Date: 06/03/2016   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  André Watts
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Thomas Schippers,  Seiji Ozawa,  Erich Leinsdorf
    CD: $34.99
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  • 4.
    Schubert: Moments musicaux, Klavierstucke & Wandererfantasie / Arrau
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 554930 Release Date: 04/15/2016  
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
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  • 5.
    Schubert: Piano Sonata No. 21 & Wanderer Fantasy / Brendel [Vinyl]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: B002434901 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
    LP: $28.49
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  • 6.
    Widmungen: Works of Schubert, Liszt, Schumann & Godowsky / Vilmar, Youn
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 16416 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  William Youn,  Isabelle Catherine Vilmar
    CD: $18.99
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  • 7.
    Philips Classics: The Stereo Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002445602 Release Date: 02/19/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elly Ameling,  Dalton Baldwin,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis,  Bernard Haitink,  Raymond Leppard,  Eduard Van Beinum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $134.49
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  • 8.
    Schubert: The Edition, Vol. 1
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002447802 Release Date: 02/12/2016   Number of Discs: 39
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elena Kremer,  Emil Gilels,  Oleg Maisenberg,  Valery Afanassiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Eduard Melkus,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Melos String Quartet Stuttgart,  Amadeus Quartet  ... 
    CD: $116.49
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  • 9.
    Alfred Brendel: Complete Philips Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002434302 Release Date: 01/29/2016   Number of Discs: 114
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Imogen Cooper,  Sylvia McNair,  Eduard Brunner  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Bernard Haitink,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $308.99
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  • 10.
    The Oehms Classics Recordings
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 12 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Maurice Ravel,  Alexander von Zemlinsky,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Herbert Schuch,  Mirijam Contzen
    Conductor:  Olari Elts
    CD: $34.99
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  • 11.
    The Vienna Album / Lang Lang
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002408902 Release Date: 11/06/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Lang Lang
    Conductor:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de Paris
    CD: $14.99
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  • 12.
    Schubert: Wanderer Fantasie; Chopin: 4 Ballades / Agranovich
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3427 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Sophia Agranovich
    CD: $17.99
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  • 13.
    111 - The Piano - Legendary Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002281002 Release Date: 04/21/2015   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre-Laurent Aimard,  Géza Anda,  Martha Argerich,  Daniel Barenboim  ... 
    CD: $168.99
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  • 14.
    Schubert Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94870 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 69
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Suzanne Lautenbacher,  György Pauk,  Peter Frankl,  Walter Hautzig  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Jörg Faerber,  Andreas Weiser,  Romano Gandolfi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra,  Bell'Arte Trio  ... 
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  • 15.
    Phase 4 Stereo - Stereo Concert Series
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002188302 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 41
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Charles A. Zimmerman,  Francis S. Van Boskerck,  George Norton  ... 
    Performer:  Stanley Black,  David Parkhouse,  Alan Loveday,  Robert Merrill  ... 
    Conductor:  Rodney Bashford,  Stanley Black,  Bernard Herrmann,  Edward Downes  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grenadier Guards Band,  London Festival Orchestra,  London Festival Recording Ensemble  ... 
    CD: $168.99
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  • 16.
    Franz Schubert: Wanderer-fantaisie; Sonate D 840 Reliquie
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 99031 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Paul Badura-Skoda
    CD: $18.99
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  • 17.
    Schubert, Schumann: Fantasies / Joel Schoenhals
    Label: Fleur De Son   Catalog: 58024 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Joel Schoenhals
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  • 18.
    Beethoven, Schubert
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5385 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Aaron Pilsan
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  • 19.
    Fantasy / Danae Dorken
    Label: Ars Produktion   Catalog: 38150 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Danae Dorken,  Danae Dörken
    SuperAudio CD: $18.99
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  • 20.
    Schubert: Piano Sonatas in A Major & A Minor,
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 930 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Garrick Ohlsson
    CD: $19.99
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  • 21.
    Schubert: Piano Works / Jura Margulis
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 435 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jura Margulis
    CD: $17.99
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  • 22.
    Dramatic Visions - Beethoven, Prokofiev, Schubert, Wagner, Liszt / Barbara Nissman
    Label: Three Oranges Recordings   Catalog: 5638268175 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Barbara Nissman
    CD: $24.99
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  • 23.
    Schubert: Works for Solo Piano Vol 1 / Douglas
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10807 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Barry Douglas
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  • 24.
    Schubert / Bertrand Chamayou
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 2564637078 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Bertrand Chamayou
    Recommendation
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  • 25.
    The Westminster Legacy
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999302 Release Date: 02/18/2014   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Sena Jurinac,  Lucretia West,  Hans Loeffler,  Frederick Guthrie  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen,  Pierre Monteux,  René Leibowitz,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Chamber Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $119.98
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