Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: Symphonies Nos. 1-8 / Harnoncourt, Berlin Philharmonic
Release Date: 09/22/2017   Label: Berlin Philharmonic  
Catalog: 170063   Number of Discs: 5
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Schubert: Die schone Mullerin, D. 795 / Gerhaher, Huber
Release Date: 10/06/2017   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 88985427402   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Alfonso und Estrella / Schreier, Mathis, Prey, Suitner
Release Date: 11/19/2013   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94689   Number of Discs: 3
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Schubert: Sonata In B Flat Major D 960, Etc / Arthur Rowe
Release Date: 03/27/2007   Label: Centaur Records  
Catalog: 2794   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: The Song Collection
Release Date: 03/31/2015   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 95111   Number of Discs: 6
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Work: Sonata for Piano in B flat major, D 960

Browse 26-50 of 174 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Two Hands  / Leon Fleisher
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 510462 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Leon Fleisher
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  • 27.
    Schubert: Sonata In B Flat D. 960
    Label: Robert Dusek   Catalog: 5638528843 Release Date: 07/15/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Robert Dusek
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  • 28.
    Beethoven, Schubert: The Last Sonatas / Benjamin Moser
    Label: Cavi Music   Catalog: 8553319 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Benjamin Moser
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  • 29.
    Rudolf Serkin Plays Schubert
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88875051562 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin,  Jaime Laredo,  Philipp Naegele,  Leslie Parnas  ... 
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  • 30.
    Schubert: Impromptus, D.899; Piano Sonata No. 21 D.960
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 550566 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Maria-Joao Pires
    CD: $13.99
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  • 31.
    Chopin, Mendelssohn, Schubert... / Eschenbach
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002329402 Release Date: 06/16/2015   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Christoph Eschenbach
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  • 32.
    Live Recordings From The University Of Illinois, 1949
    Label: Apr (Appian)   Catalog: 7306 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Domenico Scarlatti  ... 
    Performer:  Myra Hess
    Conductor:  John Kuypers,  Victor Kolar
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  • 33.
    Franz Schubert / Andras Schiff
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 002314002 Release Date: 06/02/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  András Schiff,  Andras Schiff
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  • 34.
    Schubert Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94870 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 69
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Suzanne Lautenbacher,  György Pauk,  Peter Frankl,  Walter Hautzig  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Jörg Faerber,  Andreas Weiser,  Romano Gandolfi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra,  Bell'Arte Trio  ... 
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  • 35.
    Schubert: Piano Sonatas; Moments Musicaux / Michael Korstick
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777766 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Michael Korstick
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  • 36.
    Schubert: Piano Sonatas / Barenboim
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002132402 Release Date: 09/16/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
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  • 37.
    Maria Joao Pires - Complete DG Solo Recordings [20-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002093102 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Maria-Joao Pires,  Pavel Gomziakov,  Ricardo Castro
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  • 38.
    Schubert: Piano Sonatas D960 & 664 / Klara Wurtz
    Label: Piano Classics   Catalog: 1114816 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Klára Würtz
    CD: $14.99
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  • 39.
    Maria Joao Pires - The Complete Erato Recordings
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 631065 Release Date: 06/24/2014   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Maria-Joao Pires,  Huseyin Sermet
    Conductor:  Claudio Scimone,  Theodor Guschlbauer,  Armin Jordan,  Michel Corboz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Solisti Veneti,  Lisbon Gulbenkian Foundation Orchestra,  Orchestre de Chambre de Lausanne  ... 
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  • 40.
    Annie Fischer - The Centennial Collection
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 41011 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Annie Fischer
    Conductor:  Heribert Esser,  Ervin Lukács
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Symphony Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Meeresstille
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 99018 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Unspecified
    Performer:  Dora Deliyska
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  • 42.
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002050602 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
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  • 43.
    Howard Karp: Concert Recordings (1962-2007)
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 1492 Release Date: 05/20/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Liszt,  Leon Kirchner,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Howard Karp
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  • 44.
    Schubert: The Late Piano Sonatas / Paul Lewis
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902165 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Paul Lewis
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  • 45.
    The Complete London Studio Recordings / Annie Fischer [8-CD Set]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 634123 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Annie Fischer
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Efrem Kurtz,  Otto Klemperer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 46.
    Schubert: Works for Solo Piano Vol 1 / Douglas
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10807 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Barry Douglas
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  • 47.
    Vladimir Horowitz plays Great Sonatas
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7884092 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Muzio Clementi  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 48.
    Franz Schubert: Sonata In A Major D.664; Sonata In B Flat Major D.960; 'Wanderer' Fantasy D.760
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 132 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  George-Emmanuel Lazaridis
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  • 49.
    Schubert / Liszt
    Label: Fondamenta   Catalog: 801001 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Frédéric D'oria-nicolas
    CD: $21.49
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  • 50.
    Schubert: Complete Piano Sonatas / Martino Tirimo
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 8468522 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Martino Tirimo
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