Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: The Symphonies / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
Release Date: 09/12/2005   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 4623232   Number of Discs: 4
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Schubert: Die Schone Mullerin / Holzmair, Parsons
Release Date: 02/03/2015   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 72   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Trio Op. 101; Schubert: Piano Trio D 929 / Sitkovetsky Trio
Release Date: 10/27/2014   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 70   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Song Cycles / Nathalie Stutzmann [3-CD Set]
Release Date: 01/27/2015   Label: Erato  
Catalog: 623701   Number of Discs: 3
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Schubert: Death and the Maiden - Shostakovich: Chamber Symphony / LSO String Ensemble
Release Date: 03/11/2016   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 786   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Sonata for Piano in B flat major, D 960

Browse 1-25 of 164 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Wilhelm Kempff: Complete Schubert Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B002520202 Release Date: 07/22/2016   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff
    CD: $44.49
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  • 2.
    Jerome Rose Plays Schubert
    Label: Medici Classics   Catalog: 30072 Release Date: 07/01/2016  
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jerome Rose
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  • 3.
    Schubert: Piano Sonata No. 21 - Liszt: Mephisto Waltz No. 1 & Consolation No. 3 / Kaneko
    Label: Exton   Catalog: 75 Release Date: 06/17/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Miyuji Kaneko
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  • 4.
    Great Moments at Carnegie Hall
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 503227 Release Date: 04/29/2016   Number of Discs: 43
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Roy Harris,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz,  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker,  Van Cliburn  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Serge Koussevitzky,  Bruno Walter,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
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  • 5.
    Schubert: Piano Sonata No. 21 & Wanderer Fantasy / Brendel [Vinyl]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: B002434901 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
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  • 6.
    Schubert: Piano Sonatas, Vol. 2 / Feltsman
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 6298 Release Date: 03/11/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Vladimir Feltsman
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  • 7.
    Philips Classics: The Stereo Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002445602 Release Date: 02/19/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elly Ameling,  Dalton Baldwin,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis,  Bernard Haitink,  Raymond Leppard,  Eduard Van Beinum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $134.49
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  • 8.
    Schubert: The Edition, Vol. 1
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002447802 Release Date: 02/12/2016   Number of Discs: 39
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elena Kremer,  Emil Gilels,  Oleg Maisenberg,  Valery Afanassiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Eduard Melkus,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Melos String Quartet Stuttgart,  Amadeus Quartet  ... 
    CD: $116.49
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  • 9.
    Alfred Brendel: Complete Philips Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002434302 Release Date: 01/29/2016   Number of Discs: 114
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Imogen Cooper,  Sylvia McNair,  Eduard Brunner  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Bernard Haitink,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $308.99
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  • 10.
    Radu Lupu: Complete Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002402202 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 28
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Radu Lupu,  Vincent Zarzo,  Han de Vries,  George Pieterson  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Lawrence Foster,  Uri Segal,  Edo De Waart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $78.99
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  • 11.
    Two Hands  / Leon Fleisher
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 510462 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Leon Fleisher
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  • 12.
    Schubert: Sonata In B Flat D. 960
    Label: Robert Dusek   Catalog: 5638528843 Release Date: 07/15/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Robert Dusek
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  • 13.
    Beethoven, Schubert: The Last Sonatas / Benjamin Moser
    Label: Cavi Music   Catalog: 8553319 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Benjamin Moser
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  • 14.
    Rudolf Serkin Plays Schubert
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88875051562 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin,  Jaime Laredo,  Philipp Naegele,  Leslie Parnas  ... 
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  • 15.
    Schubert: Impromptus, D.899; Piano Sonata No. 21 D.960
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 550566 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Maria-Joao Pires
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  • 16.
    Chopin, Mendelssohn, Schubert... / Eschenbach
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002329402 Release Date: 06/16/2015   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Christoph Eschenbach
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  • 17.
    Live Recordings From The University Of Illinois, 1949
    Label: Apr (Appian)   Catalog: 7306 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert,  Spoken Word,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Myra Hess
    Conductor:  John Kuypers,  Victor Kolar
    CD: $29.99
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  • 18.
    Franz Schubert / Andras Schiff
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 002314002 Release Date: 06/02/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  András Schiff,  Andras Schiff
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  • 19.
    Schubert Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94870 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 69
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Suzanne Lautenbacher,  György Pauk,  Peter Frankl,  Walter Hautzig  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Jörg Faerber,  Andreas Weiser,  Romano Gandolfi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra,  Bell'Arte Trio  ... 
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  • 20.
    Schubert: Piano Sonatas; Moments Musicaux / Michael Korstick
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777766 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Michael Korstick
    CD: $34.99
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  • 21.
    Schubert: Piano Sonatas / Daniel Barenboim
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002132402 Release Date: 09/16/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
    CD: $64.49
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  • 22.
    Maria Joao Pires - Complete DG Solo Recordings [20-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002093102 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Maria-Joao Pires,  Pavel Gomziakov,  Ricardo Castro
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  • 23.
    Schubert: Piano Sonatas D960 & 664 / Klara Wurtz
    Label: Piano Classics   Catalog: 1114816 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Klára Würtz
    CD: $14.99
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  • 24.
    Maria Joao Pires - The Complete Erato Recordings
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 631065 Release Date: 06/24/2014   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Maria-Joao Pires,  Huseyin Sermet
    Conductor:  Claudio Scimone,  Theodor Guschlbauer,  Armin Jordan,  Michel Corboz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Solisti Veneti,  Lisbon Gulbenkian Foundation Orchestra,  Orchestre De Chambre De Lausanne  ... 
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  • 25.
    Annie Fischer - The Centennial Collection
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 41011 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Annie Fischer
    Conductor:  Heribert Esser,  Ervin Lukács
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Symphony Orchestra
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