Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: The Symphonies / Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw
Release Date: 09/12/2005   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 4623232   Number of Discs: 4
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Schubert: Die Schone Mullerin / Holzmair, Parsons
Release Date: 02/03/2015   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 72   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Piano Trio Op. 101; Schubert: Piano Trio D 929 / Sitkovetsky Trio
Release Date: 10/27/2014   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 70   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Song Cycles / Nathalie Stutzmann [3-CD Set]
Release Date: 01/27/2015   Label: Erato  
Catalog: 623701   Number of Discs: 3
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Schubert: Death and the Maiden - Shostakovich: Chamber Symphony / LSO String Ensemble
Release Date: 03/11/2016   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 786   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 5 in B flat major, D 485

Browse 1-25 of 101 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Andras Schiff at Mozartwoche
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 736508 Release Date: 06/24/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  András Schiff
    Conductor:  András Schiff
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Andrea Barca
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  • 2.
    Andras Schiff at Mozartwoche [Blu-ray]
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 736604 Release Date: 06/24/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  András Schiff
    Conductor:  András Schiff
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Andrea Barca
    Blu-ray Video: $34.99
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  • 3.
    Symphonies & Symphonic Poems / Mehta
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002488802 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Hector Berlioz,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Sidney Harth,  Maureen Forrester,  Daniel Benyamini,  Christa Ludwig  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $65.99
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  • 4.
    The Leonard Bernstein Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002462302 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 64
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Alessi,  Glenn Dicterow,  Philip Smith,  Jaap Van Zweden  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Bach Festival Percussion Ensemble
    CD: $202.99
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  • 5.
    Schubert: Symphonies Nos. 1-8 / Harnoncourt, Berlin Philharmonic [Vinyl]
    Label: Berlin Philharmonic   Catalog: BPHR150062 Release Date: 03/11/2016   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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    LP: $349.99
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  • 6.
    Schubert: The Edition, Vol. 1
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002447802 Release Date: 02/12/2016   Number of Discs: 39
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elena Kremer,  Emil Gilels,  Oleg Maisenberg,  Valery Afanassiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Eduard Melkus,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Melos String Quartet Stuttgart,  Amadeus Quartet  ... 
    CD: $116.49
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  • 7.
    Sir Colin Davis conducts Schubert
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 88875127062 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 8.
    Schubert / Abbado
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002347202 Release Date: 07/31/2015   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Thomas Quasthoff,  Barbara Bonney,  Andreas Schmidt  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Ernst Senff Chamber Choir,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung  ... 
    On sale! $49.98
    CD: $46.99
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  • 9.
    Karl Bohm - Late Recordings - Vienna, London, Dresden
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002327602 Release Date: 06/23/2015   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Anton Bruckner,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Jessye Norman,  Placido Domingo,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    CD: $69.99
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  • 10.
    Schubert: Symphonies, Masses 5 & 6 / Harnoncourt, Berlin Philharmonic [8 CDs & 1 Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Berlin Philharmonic   Catalog: 150061 Release Date: 06/05/2015   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Birgit Remmert,  Luba Orgonasova,  Kurt Streit,  Christian Gerhaher  ... 
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus
    CD: $138.99
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  • 11.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 3
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 002275902 Release Date: 03/23/2015   Number of Discs: 53
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Lehár,  Emil Waldteufel,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Rafael Druian,  Georges Miquelle,  Eugene List,  Alfred Mouledous  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Frederick Fennell,  Anatole Fistoulari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    CD: $213.99
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  • 12.
    Lorin Maazel - The Complete Early Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002251502 Release Date: 02/17/2015   Number of Discs: 18
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Igor Stravinsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Jeanine Collard,  Jane Berbié,  Sylvaine Gilma,  Colette Herzog  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Radio Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $85.99
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  • 13.
    Schubert: The Symphonies / Bruggen
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002260202 Release Date: 02/03/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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  • 14.
    Schubert: The Symphonies
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 1660 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Jonathan Nott
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  • 15.
    Schubert: The Complete Symphonies / Colin Davis, Dresden Staatskapelle
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 62673 Release Date: 11/26/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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    On sale! $39.98
    ArkivCD $37.99
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  • 16.
    Schubert Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94870 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 69
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Suzanne Lautenbacher,  György Pauk,  Peter Frankl,  Walter Hautzig  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Jörg Faerber,  Andreas Weiser,  Romano Gandolfi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra,  Bell'Arte Trio  ... 
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  • 17.
    The Originals - Legendary Recordings from DG
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002171502 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Pierre Fournier,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  David Oistrakh,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Franz Konwitschny,  Carlos Kleiber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 18.
    Schubert: Symphonies Nos. 5, 6 & 9 / Mehta, Israel Philharmonic
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 002127502 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $22.49
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  • 19.
    Schubert: Symphonies Nos. 5-9; Incidental Music To Rosamunde
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 121164 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Wagner,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    CD: $29.99
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  • 20.
    100 Great Symphonies
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002054602 Release Date: 06/03/2014   Number of Discs: 56
    Composer:  Giovanni Battista Sammartini,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf,  Johann Christian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Hanna Schwarz,  René Kollo,  Kurt Moll  ... 
    Conductor:  Kevin Mallon,  Christopher Hogwood,  Thomas Füri,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Aradia Ensemble,  Academy of Ancient Music,  Camerata Bern  ... 
    CD: $245.99
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  • 21.
    Karajan 1951-1960: Mozart, Schubert, Brahms, Strauss, Wagner
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633623 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Sir Colin Davis - The Complete RCA Legacy
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 300607 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 51
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Jan-Hendrik Rootering,  Barbara Fleckenstein,  Ben Heppner,  Heinrich Weber  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus  ... 
    CD: $115.49
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  • 23.
    Schubert: Symphonies Nos. 3-5 / Dausgaard, Swedish Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1786 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Thomas Dausgaard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Schubert: The Symphonies, Rosamunde Excerpts / Barenboim, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7686162 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 25.
    Schubert: Complete Symphonies / Blomstedt, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94693 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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    CD: $19.99
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