Erik Satie


Born: May 17, 1866; France   Died: Jul 1, 1925; France   Period: 20th Century
Erik Satie was an important French composer from the generation of Debussy. Best remembered for several groups of piano pieces, including Trois Gymnopédies (1888), Trois Sarabandes (1887) and Trois Gnossiennes (1890), he was championed by Jean Cocteau and helped create the famous group of French composers, Les Six, which was fashioned after his artistic ideal of simplicity in the extreme. Some have viewed certain of his stylistic traits as Read more components of Impressionism, but his harmonies and melodies have relatively little in common with the characteristics of that school. Much of his music has a subdued character, and its charm comes through in its directness and its lack of allegiance to any one aesthetic. Often his melodies are melancholy and hesitant, his moods exotic or humorous, and his compositions as a whole, or their several constituent episodes, short. He was a musical maverick who probably influenced Debussy and did influence Ravel, who freely acknowledged as much. After Satie's second period of study, he began turning more serious in his compositions, eventually producing his inspiring cantata, Socrate, considered by many his greatest work and clearly demonstrating a previously unexhibited agility. In his last decade he turned out several ballets, including Parade and Relâche, indicating his growing predilection for program and theater music. Satie was also a pianist of some ability.
As a child Erik Satie showed interest in music and began taking piano lessons from a local church organist, named Vinot. While he progressed during this period, he showed no unusual gifts. In 1879 he enrolled in the Paris Conservatory, where he studied under Descombe (piano) and Lavignac (solfeggio), but failed to meet minimum requirements and was expelled in 1882. Satie departed Paris on November 15, 1886, to join the infantry in Arras, but he found military life distasteful and intentionally courted illness to relieve himself of duty. That same year his first works were published: Elégie, Trois Mélodies, and Chanson.
The years following his military service formed a bohemian period in Satie's life, the most significant events of which would be the beginnings of his friendship with Debussy, his exposure to eastern music at the Paris World Exhibition, and his association with a number of philosophical and religious organizations (most notably the Rosicrucian Brotherhood).
In 1905 he decided to resume musical study, enrolling in the conservative and controversial Schola Cantorum, run by Vincent d'Indy. His music took on a more academic and rigorous quality, and also began to exhibit the dry wit that would become hallmarks of his style. Many of his compositions received odd titles, especially after 1910, such as Dried up embryos and Three real flabby preludes (for a dog). Some of his works also featured odd instructions for the performer, not intended to be taken seriously, as in his 1893 piano work, Vexations, which carries the admonition in the score, "To play this motif 840 times in succession, it would be advisable to prepare oneself beforehand, in the deepest silence, by serious immobilities."
In 1925 Satie developed pleurisy and his fragile health worsened. He was taken to St. Joseph Hospital, where he lived on for several months. He received the last rites of the Catholic Church in his final days, and died on July 1, 1925. Read less

Work: Parade

Browse 1-23 of 23 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Satie: Complete Piano Music / Veen
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95350 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Jeroen van Veen,  Sandra van Veen
    CD: $48.99
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  • 2.
    Erik Satie & Friends
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88875177492 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Francis Poulenc,  Erik Satie,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Francis Poulenc,  Pierre Bernac,  Arthur Gold,  Robert Fizdale  ... 
    Conductor:  André Previn,  Philippe Entremont,  Thomas Schippers,  Charles Gerhardt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 3.
    Satie: The Complete Solo Piano Music / Thibaudet
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002493102 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Jean-Yves Thibaudet,  Pascal Rogé,  Jean-Philippe Collard
    CD: $39.99
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  • 4.
    The Sound of Erik Satie
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 555263 Release Date: 05/06/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Aldo Ciccolini,  Michel Legrand,  Alexandre Tharaud,  Anne Queffélec  ... 
    Conductor:  Marius Constant,  Louis Auriacombe,  Pierre Dervaux,  Michel Plasson
    CD: $16.99
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  • 5.
    Tout Satie!: Erik Satie Complete Edition
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 553008 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Anne Queffélec,  Gabriel Tacchino,  Aldo Ciccolini,  Jean-Pierre Armengaud  ... 
    Conductor:  Marius Constant,  Michel Plasson,  Pierre Dervaux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Ars Nova (Sweden)
    CD: $35.49
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  • 6.
    The Complete HMV Recordings / Markevitch
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 552546 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 18
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Richard Strauss,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Jacques Neilz,  Denyse Gouarne,  Fernand Dufrene,  Henri Bronschwak  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    CD: $55.99
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  • 7.
    Erik Satie: Choix D'ouvres Pour Piano
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 250299 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Christoph Deluze
    Conductor:  Manuel Rosenthal
    SuperAudio CD: $24.99
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  • 8.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 2
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001831802 Release Date: 06/04/2013   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Anton Webern,  Alban Berg,  Ottorino Respighi  ... 
    Performer:  Helga Pilarczyk,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Mihaly Székely,  Olga Szönyi  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Rafael Kubelik,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Frederick Fennell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    CD: $181.49
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  • 9.
    Paris 1913
    Label: Wide Bench Records   Catalog: 5638086994 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Erik Satie,  Francis Poulenc,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  4HandsLA
    CD: $18.99
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  • 10.
    Essential Satie
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78153 Release Date: 02/07/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Aldo Ciccolini,  Anne Queffélec,  Jean-Pierre Armengaud,  Catherine Collard  ... 
    Conductor:  Michel Plasson,  John Lanchbery,  Pierre Dervaux,  Aldo Ciccolini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Erwartung
    CD: $12.99
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  • 11.
    Music & Painters - Music Of The Era Of Monet, Chagall, Courbet & Picasso
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5283 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy,  Gabriel Fauré,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  Anne Gastinel,  Daniel Blumenthal,  Marie-Nicole Lemieux,  Noel Lee  ... 
    Conductor:  Dmitry Yablonsky,  Christoph Eschenbach,  Alain Lombard,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kasbek Ensemble,  Russian State Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris  ... 
    CD: $39.99
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  • 12.
    Satie: Ballets, Piano Works & Rarities / Ciccolini, Mesple, Bacquier, Gedda
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 7236 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Gaston Litaize,  Mady Mesplé,  Aldo Ciccolini,  Nicolai Gedda  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Auriacombe,  Pierre Dervaux,  Aldo Ciccolini
    CD: $12.99
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  • 13.
    A Festival Of Ballet
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67063 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Holst,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Barbara Hendricks,  Susan Bickley,  Lorraine Hunt Lieberson,  Catherine Pierard  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe,  André Previn,  Paavo Järvi,  Sir Charles Mackerras  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Radio France Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $76.99
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  • 14.
    Les Musiques De Picasso / Rafael Orozco, Alfred Cortot, Et Al
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5162 Release Date: 07/28/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Enrique Morente,  Erik Satie,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  Rafael Orozco,  Enrique Morente,  Antionia Carbonell,  Montoyita  ... 
    Conductor:  Edmon Colomer,  Stefan Sanderling,  Charles Munch,  Jérôme Kaltenbach  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 15.
    The Very Best Of Satie
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552137 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Klára Körmendi,  Gábor Eckhardt
    Conductor:  Jérôme Kaltenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nancy Lyric Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 16.
    Historical - Satie: Orchestral Works / Abravanel, Utah So
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1612 Release Date: 03/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Conductor:  Maurice Abravanel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Utah Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 17.
    French Orchestral Works / Igor Markevitch
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76732 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Erik Satie,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy,  Albert Roussel
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra Hamburg
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  • 18.
    L'Orchestre de Satie / Sado, Orchestre des Concerts Lamoureux
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 85827 Release Date: 01/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Conductor:  Yutaka Sado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 19.
    Satie: The 4 Handed Piano / Rogé, Collard, Juillet
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455401 Release Date: 03/14/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Chantal Juillet,  Pascal Rogé,  Jean-Philippe Collard
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  • 20.
    Satie: Parade, Trois Gymnopédies, Etc / Kaltenbach, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554279 Release Date: 08/31/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Conductor:  Jérôme Kaltenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nancy Lyric Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 21.
    Satie: Complete Works For Piano 4 Hands / Duo Campion-vachon
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 23040 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Guy Campion,  Mario Vachon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Campion-Vachon Duo
    CD: $17.99
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  • 22.
    L'esprit De France - The Music Of Satie
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5107 Release Date: 08/22/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Frank Glazer,  Elaine Bonazzi,  Richard Deas,  Millard Taylor
    Conductor:  Friedrich Cerha,  Louis de Froment
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Die Reihe Ensemble,  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $13.99
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  • 23.
    Satie, Milhaud, Auric, Françaix, Fetler / Antal Dorati
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434335 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Fetler,  Jean Françaix,  Georges Auric,  Darius Milhaud  ... 
    Performer:  Claude Françaix
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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